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2 feet How would you calculate the area of this circle ?...probably using the formula A = R 2 Since the diameter is 2 feet, Click your mouse for the next idea ! The constant , called “pi”, is about 3.14 so A = R 2 3.14 * 1 * 1 3.14 square feet means “about equal to” ? R 1 foot “R”, the radius, is 1 foot.

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! ? LETS explore how people figured out circle areas before all this business ? The ancient Egyptians had a fascinating method that produces answers remarkably close to the formula using pi.

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! ? The Egyptian Octagon Method Draw a square around the circle just touching it at four points. What is the AREA of this square ? 2 feet Well.... it measures 2 by 2, so the area = 4 square feet.

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! The Egyptian Octagon Method 2 feet Now we divide the square into nine equal smaller squares. Sort of like a tic-tac-toe game ! Notice that each small square is 1/9 the area of the large one -- we’ll use that fact later !

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! The Egyptian Octagon Method 2 feet Finally... we draw lines to divide the small squares in the corners in half, cutting them on their diagonals. Notice the 8-sided shape, an octagon, we have created ! Notice, also, that its area looks pretty close to that of our circle !

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! The Egyptian Octagon Method 2 feet The EGYPTIANS were very handy at finding the area of this Octagon 1919 After all, THIS little square has an area 1/9 th of the big one... 1919 1919 1919 1919 And so do these four others... And each corner piece is 1/2 of 1/9 or 1/18 th of the big one 1. 18 1. 18 1. 18 1. 18

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! The Egyptian Octagon Method 2 feet...and ALTOGETHER we’ve got... 1. 18 1. 18 1. 18 1. 18 4 pieces that are 1/18 th or 4/18 ths which is 2/9 ths 1919 1919 1919 1919 1919 Plus 5 more 1/9 ths For a total area that is 7/9 ths of our original big square

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2 feet Click your mouse for the next idea ! The Egyptian Octagon Method 2 feet FINALLY...Yep, we’re almost done ! The original square had an area of 4 square feet. So the OCTAGON’s area must be 7/9 x 4 or 28/9 or 3 and 1/9 or about 3.11 square feet We have an OCTAGON with an area = 7/9 of the original square. 7979

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AMAZINGLY CLOSE to the pi-based “modern” calculation for the circle ! 3.11 square feet3.14 square feet only about 0.03 off... about a 1% error !!

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Opening Activity 1. Find the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 8 ft. Round to the nearest tenth. C= 3.14(8)= 25.1 ft 2. Find the circumference.

Opening Activity 1. Find the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 8 ft. Round to the nearest tenth. C= 3.14(8)= 25.1 ft 2. Find the circumference.

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