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United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF

2

3 Bushrod Ablaze July 2003: Monrovia in flames

4 Child Soldier Battle for Monrovia June-August 2003

5 KEY DATES  1 August: Security Council Resolution 1497 authorizes multinational force and future UN stabilization force  4 August: Deployment of ECOMIL vanguard force  11 August: Charles Taylor hands over presidency to Moses Blah

6  18 August: Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Accra, Ghana  19 September: Security Council Resolution 1509 establishes UN Mission in Liberia  1 October: Day One of UNMIL, ECOMIL troops “rehatted” as UN peacekeepers  14 October: National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL) takes office and National Transitional Legislative Assembly (NTLA) sworn in

7 UNMIL Day One - 1 October 2003

8 Inauguration of NTGL 14 October 2003 Chairman Bryant and former President Blah Presidents Kufuor and Obasanjo with SRSG Klein Obasanjo with SRSG Klein Chairman Bryant takes oath of office Vice Chairman Wesley Johnson takes oath Wesley Johnson takes oath

9 UNMIL LEADERSHIP Jacques Paul Klein Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Coordinator of UN Operations in Liberia Abou Moussa Deputy Special Representative Souren Seraydarian Deputy Special Representative

10 UNMIL LEADERSHIP Lt. Gen. Daniel I. Opande Force Commander Mark A. Kroeker Police Commissioner Savitri Butchey Director of Administration

11 UN Family in Liberia UNMIL WHO UNHCR WFP OCHA UN-HABITAT

12 UNMIL MANDATE Operating under Chapter VII: SUPPORT  Ceasefire Agreement  Humanitarian Assistance/Human Rights  Support for Security Reform PROTECT  United Nations Staff  Facilities  Civilians

13 UNMIL Mandate Implementation Consists of eight goals:  Peace and security  Disarmament and Demobilization  Rehabilitation and Reintegration of combatants  Establish rule of law, including judiciary and corrections  Establish safeguards for human rights  Restoration of state authority  Provision of factual information through public media campaigns  Coordination of UN agencies for humanitarian assistance

14 LURD combatants

15 Ex-Armed Forces of Liberia soldiers

16 MODEL checkpoint

17 Military Forces - Authorized 15,000 14,672 - Current 14,351 14,640 145 118 215 203 FHQ SO MILOBSTOTAL SECTORTROOPS Civilian Staff International 607 768 411 National Current Strength 519Contract249DayWorkers

18 Troop contributing countries BangladeshBeninBoliviaBrazilChinaCroatia Czech Rep. DenmarkEcuador El Salvador EgyptEthiopiaFinlandFranceGambiaGhana Guinea Bissau Indonesia IrelandJordanKenyaKoreaMalawiMalaysiaMaliMoldovaNamibiaNepalNetherlandsNigerNigeriaPakistan ParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaSenegalSerbia/Montenegro South Africa SwedenTogoUkraine United Kingdom United States Zambia Total authorized 15,000 Total in country 14,672

19 COMBAT FORCES FORCE HQ RESERVE 1 Combined Battalion IrelandMechanized SwedenArmored SECTOR 1 Nigeria - 2 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized)* Ghana - 1 Infantry Battalion (partly mechanized) SECTOR 2 Pakistan - 2 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized) Namibia - 1 Infantry Battalion (partly mechanized) SECTOR 3 Bangladesh – 3 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized) SECTOR 4 Ethiopia – 3 Motorized Infantry Battalions Senegal – 1 Infantry Battalion (partly mechanized) * Partly mechanized = 2 motor & 2 mechanized companies

20 FORCE HQJordan - Level Three Hospital Philippines - Headquarters Company Bangladesh - Engineering Company Ukraine - Aviation Unit Nepal - Military Police Company Pakistan - Road & Airfield Maintenance Company People’s Republic of China - Transportation Company SECTOR 1Pakistan - Engineering Company SECTOR 2Pakistan - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SECTOR 3Bangladesh - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SECTOR 4People’s Republic of China - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SUPPORT UNITS

21 UNMIL PEACEKEEPER DEPLOYMENTS

22 PEACE AND SECURITY UNMIL FORCE Nigerian Contingent Ghanaian Contingent

23 14 Helicopter Gunships 284 Combat Vehicles

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25 Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRR)  DDRR begun in December 2003 at Camp Schieffelin for former Government of Liberia (ex-GoL) combatants  Combatants disarmed 13,192  Weapons collected 8,679  Ammunition collected 2,018,669

26 DDRR Program launch  Special Representative of the Secretary General Jacques Paul Klein destroys weapons at ceremonial launch of DDRR program on 1 December 2003  NTGL Chairman Gyude Bryant addresses opening of Camp Schieffelin DDRR site on 7 December 2003

27 Disarmament Camp Schieffelin December 2003

28 Nationwide information campaign to educate combatants and communities on DDRR

29 Voinjama: Gen. Sheriff Cobra (LURD), Gen. Varmuya Sheriff (ex-GOL), Gen. William Bearlar (MODEL) and Gen. Patrick Bowah (LURD) on UNMIL DDRR information campaign

30 Resumption of DDRR 15 April 2004  6 cantonment and 5 disarmament sites in Gbarnga, Tubmanburg, Monrovia, Buchanan, Zwedru and Voinjama  3 more disarmament/cantonment sites to be completed for LURD, MODEL, ex-GOL

31 SECTOR BOUNDARIES DD SITES PHASE 2 SITES PHASE 3 SITES. D1D2 Tubmanburg D1D2 Monrovia / VOA D1D2 Buchanan D1D2 Gbarnga D1 Saniquelle D1 Tapeta Kpein D2 D1 Zwedru D1D2 Harper D1D2 Greenville Voinjama D1D2 Ghanta

32 Disarmament and Demobilization 15 April 2004

33 Registration and Encampment 15 April 2004

34 DESTROYEDCOLLECTED 22,29122,291Ammo(explosives) 5,256,6905,256,690Ammo (small arms) 20,12020,972Weapons 70,847 ex-combatants disarmed

35 Rehabilitation and Reintegration International Contributions US Agency for International Development  Women and Children Rehabilitation program $15 million, 3 years Target: 10,000 women and children  Liberia Community Infrastructure Program $27.9 million, 3 years Target: 10,000 ex-combatants and 10,000 others  Youth Reintegration Training and Education for Peace Program (YRTEP) Vocational, Apprenticeship, Education $5 million, 2 years Target: 5 million young people

36 Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programmes DDRR Trust Fund  28 RR proposals for trades training programmes for 35,200 ex-combatants  UNICEF-7000 child ex-combatants into community education programmes  Formal education programmes in Monrovia and in counties being reviewed and assessed for intake of ex-combatants in partnership with the Ministry of Education

37 Rule of Law  Civilian Police  Judiciary  Corrections  Human Rights

38 UNMIL CIVILIAN POLICE Current strength: 1,091 out of an authorized strength of 1,115, including 480 members of the Formed Police Units

39 UNMIL CIVILIAN POLICE Contributing Countries PhilippinesPolandPortugalRussiaSamoaSenegalSerbia-Montenegro Sri Lanka SwedenTurkeyUgandaUkraineUruguay United States YemenZambiaZimbabwe Total authorized 1,115 Total in country 1,091 (including 10 Corrections officers) BangladeshBosnia-HerzegovinaChina Czech Rep. FijiGambiaGhana Jordan (FPU) Kenya (FPU) KyrgyzstanMalawiNamibia Nepal (FPU) NigerNigeriaNorwayPakistan

40 CIVPOL Tasks  Monitoring and mentoring the Liberian National Police (LNP)  Co-locating with LNP personnel  Restructuring Police Sector  Establishing a new Police Service

41 CIVPOL Training  Interim police training, while planning proceeds for a restructured national police service  Jordanian Formed Police Unit demonstrating riot control techniques  5 May - Recruitment campaign for new police service starts  12 July Police Academy Opens

42 Robertsport Bo Tienni Kongo Kolahun Foya Kamara Voinjama Zorzo Gbarnga Karnplay Ganta Tapeta Zwedru Fish Town Harper Grand Cess River Cess Salala Totota Kakata Harbel Monrovia Tubmanburg Bopolu Juazohn Pyne Town Salayea Saniquellie Pleebo Gbarpa Saglepie 2 1 3 4 5 Buchanan Greenville CIVPOL Deployment

43 Judiciary  Assess judicial system  Train judges, prosecutors and lawyers  Re-establish courts  Co-location of UNMIL judicial advisors in the courts/Ministry of Justice  Monitoring of criminal/civil trials

44 Corrections  Recruit and train staff for the Liberian Correctional System  Review and revise penal legislation  Improve policies and procedures to reflect international guidelines and human rights standards  Reform organizational structure  Build a long-range corrections development plan with the assistance of key international and national stakeholders

45 Human Rights and Protection Established/Assist  Independent Human Rights Commission  Truth and Reconciliation Commission Protect  Vulnerable Groups  Children and Women

46 Restoration of State Authority  Strategies for return of civil administration, county officials, district officers and traditional chiefs around the country  Committees to resolve disputes at local level arising from occupation or possession of properties  UNMIL Civil Affairs Officers are deployed in 13 of 15 counties Mayoress of Ganta

47 Elections  Technical advice to National Elections Committee  Electoral division established  Voter registration scheduled for completion in April 2005

48 UN Civilian Presence

49 Provision of factual information through public media campaigns  24-hour FM radio capability established  Nationwide DDRR information campaign  Public education on Mission mandate, security and law enforcement awareness and humanitarian assistance  Voter education  Local media capacity-building

50 UNMIL Radio 91.5FM  Broadcasts 24 hours a day, seven days a week  News and information on the peace process  Sensitization of public opinion on DDRR  Voter education on forthcoming elections  Signal currently has the farthest reach of any radio station in Liberia  Coverage will be nationwide

51 Media Development  Free media environment established  26 newspapers publishing  10 FM radio stations  Community radio  3 Monrovia-based television stations

52 Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance  Expansion of humanitarian relief activities by UN agencies and non- governmental organizations  Relief assistance to refugees, IDPs and host communities  More than 50 joint assessment missions by UN agencies and NGOs to locations all over Liberia  WFP feeds 600,000 persons per day in Liberia 316,000 Internally Displaced Persons316,000 Internally Displaced Persons 284,000 Vulnerable Groups284,000 Vulnerable Groups

53  Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees beginning to return home  Over 30,000 returnees have come back from Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana since November 2003

54 Liberia Demographic Statistics (estimated) Population 3.3 million Population under age of 15 years - 44% Ethnic- 95% Indigenous African (16 Ethnic Groups) 5% Americo-Liberians 5% Americo-LiberiansReligion Traditional Animist ChristianMuslim Literacy Rate (Average) 37% Men 50% Women 24%

55  Life Expectancy - 48 years  Infant Mortality - 117 per 1000 live births  HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate - 8.2%Prevalence Rate - 8.2%  Population with access to acceptable standards Sanitation - 36%Sanitation - 36% Drinking water – 32%Drinking water – 32%  Estimated war-related deaths since 1989 – 250,000 (50% civilian) Health Statistics (estimated)

56 Economic Statistics (estimated)  Unemployment - 85%  Population below Poverty line - 75%  Literacy - 37%  National Debt - $2.8 billion  Arrears $2.8 billion ($650 mil. - World Bank, $400 mil.- IMF)($650 mil. - World Bank, $400 mil.- IMF)

57 Refugee and IDP Statistics  Internally Displaced Persons 500,000 (estimated) 261,000 in the camps (UNHCR)  Refugees 57,000 (in Liberia) 40,000 S. Leoneans40,000 S. Leoneans 17,000 Ivorians17,000 Ivorians  Liberian Refugees - 354,000 (UNHCR) Ghana - 42,500Ghana - 42,500 Sierra Leone - 67,200Sierra Leone - 67,200 Cote d’Ivoire - 67,100Cote d’Ivoire - 67,100 Gambia - 699Gambia - 699 Guinea - 170,500Guinea - 170,500 Nigeria - 6,000Nigeria - 6,000

58 The Contribution of International NGOs INGOs  Provide humanitarian aid  Support the reconstruction and return to long-term development  Build capacity of local organisations  Participate in international and advocacy and lobbying activities Direct Beneficiaries  2.2 million people throughout Liberia

59 Scope or Activities 24 international NGOs active in the NGO Forum  Come from 10 different countries of origin  Contribute 70.5M US$ to the recovery process  Provide 3,790 jobs for Liberians  Have 203 partnerships with local NGOs INGOs work  As independent implementers, sourcing own funding  As implementing partners of UN-agencies  Through local NGOs MSF/B MSF/CH MSF/F MSF/H PWJ AFRICARE Equip IMC Merlin SC-UK

60 Returning refugees

61 Reconstruction  Liberia Reconstruction Conference 5-6 February 04 Initiated by UNMIL to address Liberia’s short to medium-term reconstruction and development needs  US$520 million pledged

62 Back to School and Health  800,000 children  20,000 teachers (12,000 trained)  3,700 schools  Since June 2003 over 1.5 million children under 15 years of age immunized against measles  230,000 vaccinated against yellow fever  819,000 children to be vaccinated against polio in Oct/Nov 2004 “Back to School” campaign launched by UNICEF providing basic equipment and supplies including 10,000 School-in-a-box kits for:

63 Rehabilitation of infrastructure UNMIL Quick-Impact Projects 99 projects undertaken,99 projects undertaken, 39 completed totalling over US$1 million Addressing emergency needs in rehabilitation of infrastructure, building of basic institutions and functioning of public services and utilitiesAddressing emergency needs in rehabilitation of infrastructure, building of basic institutions and functioning of public services and utilities

64 Recovery  Life returns to normal  Children attend newly opened schools  Hospitals and clinics are operating  Economic activity is resuming  Electricity and water supply has been restored to parts of Monrovia

65 UNMIL Bringing Hope for Tomorrow


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