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1 Subodh Kumar Textile Commissioner India: Current Trends and Opportunities in Technical Textiles 25-04-2005.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Subodh Kumar Textile Commissioner India: Current Trends and Opportunities in Technical Textiles 25-04-2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Subodh Kumar Textile Commissioner India: Current Trends and Opportunities in Technical Textiles

2 2  Other terms used Industrial Textiles Functional Textiles Performance Textiles Engineering Textiles Invisible Textiles High-tech Textiles Definition  Technical Textiles are textile materials manufactured mainly for their technical performance and functional properties. Technical Textiles

3 3 Some examples of day-to-day use of Technical Textiles Kitchen –Floor Mops, Tea Bags, Coffee Filters. Clothes – Collar / Cuff Interlinings, Shoulder Pads, Waddings in Jackets. Shoe – Lining, Insoles, Toe Stiffners, Synthetic Uppers. Car – Carpets, Roof-liners, Seat belts, Tyres, Airbags. Civil Engineering – Geotextiles in Roads, Railway Tracks, Soil Erosion, Slope Stabilisation, Flyovers, Pond/Canal lining, Landfills. Furnishing – Carpets, Vertical Blinds, Wall Coverings. Factory – Dust Collection Filter Bags, Liquid Filtration, Clean Air Filters of AC systems, Battery separators. Hospital – Masks, Gowns, Caps, Bandage. Hygiene – Baby Diaper, Sanitary Napkin, Wet Tissues, Incontinence Diaper. Bed – Blanket, Quilts, Mattresses, Bed sheets, Pillows. Technical Textiles

4 4 Growth of Technical Textiles CAGR (%) Quantity (bn. kgs.) Value (bn. US $) Technical Textiles World Scenario Source : DRA.

5 5 Fibre Consumption of textiles World Scenario Technical Textiles Total consumption – 60 bn. kgs. (2000) 43 17

6 6 Technical textile consumption by Region World Scenario Technical Textiles Total consumption – 17 bn. kgs. (2000)

7 7 Fiber consumption in Technical Textiles World Scenario Technical Textiles * - Others include specialised fibres & yarns / high performance fibres /yarn.

8 8 Product wise consumption World Scenario Technical Textiles

9 9 Global end use of fabric World Scenario Technical Textiles Total fabric consumption – 11 bn. kgs. (2000)

10 10 End use consumption of nonwoven fabrics World Scenario Technical Textiles Total consumption – 2.2 bn. kgs. (2000)

11 11 Market size and potential of Technical textiles Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component % of global consumption

12 12 Growth of technical textiles in the World vis-à-vis indigenous technical textiles (US $ bn.) CAGR (%) World technical textiles Indigenous Technical textiles (Technical textile component) 5.97 (4.17) 9.15 (6.45) 11 (12) Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

13 13 Indigenous production of technical textile products is limited and scattered. The demand for many of the items is met through imports, i.e., defence & police forces. Large untapped potential exists for potential investors. Some of the products can be produced by minor alteration in the existing production set up. Indian Scenario Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

14 14 Most of the fibre/yarn required by technical textiles are indigenously produced. Speciality fibres / yarns not produced can be imported. Speciality fibres have special properties, i.e., ballistic & thermal protection, high temperature protection and electrical insulation, chemical resistance, anti stick property, resistance to UV radiation, resistance to acids, solvents etc. Major usage in technical textiles is of woven fabrics which is produced in India, only production of non-woven is limited in the country. Indian Scenario Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

15 15 Probably the only Industry with a Negative Definition Does not say what it is, but what it is not. In Conventional Textiles, Fibre is first Spun into Yarn and then Yarn is Woven / Knit into Fabric. In Nonwovens, as the name suggests, there is no Weaving. Therefore, No Yarns – No Spinning. Fibres are directly converted into Fabric. Technical Textiles Nonwovens

16 16 Nonwoven manufacturing consists of two basic processes: Opening of Fibres and laying them into a Web / Batt Bonding of the Fibres in the Web / Batt into Fabric The type of Nonwoven is decided by the Bonding Process Technology Technical Textiles Nonwovens

17 17 The Bonding Process is the essence of Nonwoven Technology.  Mechanical Bonding  Needle Punching  Stitch Bonding  Hydro-entanglement (Spun-lace)  Chemical Bonding  Binder Application – Wet  Powder Application – Dry  Thermal Bonding  Calendar  Hot Air  Spun Bonding / Melt Blown Bonding technologies Nonwovens Technical Textiles

18 18  Garment Interlinings  Air & Liquid Filter Media  Pollution Control Bag Filter Media (Dust Collectors)  Geo-textiles  Disposable Wipes and Surgical Dressings  Coating Substrates  Shoe Insoles, Stiffeners, Liners  Furnishing & Decorative Fabrics  Thermoplastic Felts for Automobile & other Technical Application Nonwovens – product range Technical Textiles Nonwovens

19 19 Govt. has appointed an Expert Committee on Technical Textiles (ECTT) to - Assess the market size and potential of technical textiles. Prepare project profiles for potential items. Formulate an action plan to promote the growth of technical textiles. The committee has carried out the detailed survey and the observations made are based on the survey conducted by the committee. Govt. of India initiative to promote technical textiles Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

20 20 The ECTT assessed the segment wise market size and potential of different items considering production, import and exports. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles

21 21 Market size and potential of technical textiles GEOTECH Products : Geotextiles, Geogrids, Civil Engineering. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component

22 22 OEKOTECH Products : Environment Control : Municipal solid Waste, Industrial hazardous waste etc. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles Technical textile component

23 23 PROTECH Products : Fire retardant textiles, Ballistic protective clothing etc. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles Technical textile component

24 24 HOMETECH Products : Fiberfill (including fibre from recycled polymer waste), Jute Carpet backing cloth, Stuffed toys, Blinds. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles Technical textile component

25 25 MOBILTECH Products : Seat belts, Air bags, Nylon tyre cord fabric, Seat covers, Car body covers, Automobile interior carpets, Helmets, Headliners, Insulation felts. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles Technical textile component

26 26 PACKTECH Products : Polyolefin woven sacks including flexible intermediate bulk containers (FIBC), Soft luggage products, Food grade jute bags, Jute sacks and Hessian. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

27 27 MEDITECH Products : Sanitary napkins, Incontinence diapers, Baby diapers, Surgical dressings, Healthcare textiles, Sutures, Medical devices & implants. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

28 28 AGROTECH Products : Fishing nets & Fishline, Shade fabrics, Woven and non woven covers for crops, Mulch mat. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

29 29 INDUTECH Products : Conveyor belts, Hoses, Ropes, Drive belts, Computer ribbons, Battery separators, Filtration products, Decatising cloth, Bolting cloth. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

30 30 SPORTTECH Products : Sports footwear T.T. Shoe Component, Sports Composites, Sleeping bags, Artificial Turf, Ballooning fabrics, Parachute fabrics. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

31 31 BUILDTECH Products : Hoardings / Signages, Scaffolding nets, Awnings and canopies, Tarpaulins. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Market size and potential of technical textiles Technical textile component

32 32 CLOTHTECH Products : Shoe laces, Sewing threads, Interlinings, Zip fasteners, Narrow fabrics (elastic, rigid velcro and labels), Taffeta fabric. Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Technical textile component Market size and potential of technical textiles

33 33 The ECTT got the project profiles made of certain potential items. The profiles cover MES, project cost, names of machinery suppliers, potential demand, profitability, BEP, IRR and payback period etc. Project profiles Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

34 34 Needle-punch project Market Size (Rs. crore) Mostly met through imports End use applications Geotextiles Needle-punch carpets Filtration Insulation felts etc. Headliners Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 13 BEP (%) 51 IRR (%) 12 Payback period (Years) 6.32 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

35 35 Geogrid project Market Size (Rs. crore) Mostly met through imports End use applications Re-enforcement applications: steep slopes Embankment stabilization asphalt reinforcement Investment required (Rs. crore) 9.59 Net profit to sales (%) 22 BEP (%) 48 IRR (%) 31 Payback period (Years) 3.33 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

36 36 Healthcare disposables project Market Size (Rs. crore) End use applications gowns Caps uniforms surgical covers masks beddings Investment required (Rs. crore) 2.53 Net profit to sales (%) 3 BEP (%) 73 IRR (%) 10 Payback period (Years) 7.09 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

37 37 Spunbond project Market Size (Rs. crore) Mostly met through imports End use applications Sanitary hygiene medical and surgical agriculture headliners Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 18 BEP (%) 52 IRR (%) 15 Payback period (Years) 5.57 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

38 38 Spunlace project Market Size (Rs. crore) Entirely imported End use applications Wipes cosmetic cotton pads hospital use Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 25 BEP (%) 28 IRR (%) 41 Payback period (Years) 2.39 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

39 39 Surgical dressing project Market Size (Rs. crore) End use applications wound care products castings & bandages Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 7 BEP (%) 61 IRR (%) 28 Payback period (Years) 4 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

40 40 Seat belt webbing project Market Size (Rs. crore) (9) Entirely imported (25) (36) End use applications Passenger cars Light / medium / heavy trucks Aircrafts Helicopters Buses Investment required (Rs. crore) 2.80 Net profit to sales (%) 6 BEP (%) 62 IRR (%) 16 Payback period (Years) 5.31 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

41 41 Coating project Market Size (Rs. crore) End use applications Hoardings and signages soft luggage material awnings and canopies umbrella fabrics, airbags FR textiles (coated) scaffolding nets tarpaulins and tents Investment required (Rs. crore) 6.58 Net profit to sales (%) 8 BEP (%) 53 IRR (%) 27 Payback period (Years) 3.90 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

42 42 Circular warp knitting project Market Size (Rs. crore) End use applications Knee calf and ankle support cervical aids traction kit and spares headache band blood pressure cuff, arm board multipurpose restraint strap etc. Investment required (Rs. crore) 2.73 Net profit to sales (%) 14 BEP (%) 60 IRR (%) 35 Payback period (Years) 3.09 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

43 43 Sanitary napkins Market Size (Rs. crore) (8) (11) (17 End use applications Sanitary napkins European technology Chinese technology Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 8- BEP (%) 7674 IRR (%) 2225 Payback period (Years) Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

44 44 Incontinence diapers Market Size (Rs. crore) (0.36) Entirely imported (1) (2) End use applications Incontinence diapers European technology Chinese technology Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 11- BEP (%) 66 IRR (%) 4243 Payback period (Years) Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

45 45 Baby diapers Market Size (Rs. crore) (2) (2) (3) End use applications Baby diapers European technology Chinese technology Investment required (Rs. crore) Net profit to sales (%) 9- BEP (%) 6972 IRR (%) 4133 Payback period (Years) Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

46 46 Taffeta fabric project Market Size (Rs. crore) Entirely imported End use applications Lining, umbrella cloth, wind cheater, kites, courier bags, variety of domestic bags, artificial flowers, sleeping bags, tents, substrate for coating materials, range of other applications Investment required (Rs. crore) 4.60 Net profit to sales (%) 4 BEP (%) 57 IRR (%) 9 Payback period (Years) 4.40 Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

47 47 Strategies to promote the growth of technical textiles Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Fiscal & financial support Concessional rate of 5 percent customs duty on specified 22 machinery. Concessional customs duty on specified 35 high performance fibres and yarns. Reduction in excise duty on man-made fibre and filament yarns. Withdrawal of excise duty exemption on sanitary napkins / baby diapers / incontinence diapers.

48 48 Institutional support Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Setting up of Centres of Excellence with the following facilitates: Facilities for testing and evaluation of technical textiles. Developed as a national and international accreditation center. Development of Resource Centre with I.T. infrastructure. Facilities for indigenous development of prototypes. Facilities for training of core personnel. Facilities for regular training of personnel from the industry. Creating awareness.

49 49 Strategies for demand enhancement measures Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Mandatory use: Geotextiles – The use of geosynthetics for construction of road where subsoil CBR is less than 3 and asphalt pavement overlay. Use of fire retardant textiles – The use of fire retardant textiles in all public places where the public has access irrespective of the number of persons as stipulated in the National Building Code (NBC).

50 50 Strategies for demand enhancement measures Technical Textiles Indian Scenario Mandatory use: Helmets and Airbags – The use of helmets in all states and installation of airbags in all new cars. Environmental protection – The use of textiles in the land fill projects. Provision for making it mandatory with prospective effect, i.e., after 24 months.

51 51 To encourage setting up of large scale high-tech units, de-reservation of baby diapers, sanitary napkins and incontinence diapers. Other promotional support Technical Textiles Indian Scenario

52 52 Thank you…


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