Presentation on theme: "Grete Christina Lingjærde and Andora Sjøgren USIT, University of Oslo The research documentation system Frida (Research results, information and documentation."— Presentation transcript:
Grete Christina Lingjærde and Andora Sjøgren USIT, University of Oslo The research documentation system Frida (Research results, information and documentation of scientific activities )
System overview The need for information The Norwegian financial model and the Itar-system Quality mechanisms Frida and reuse of data Frida – a future national research documentation system Topics
Frida is an integrated research environment for the documentation and presentation of research activities, research results and scientific competence. Data from Frida is used to generate statistics for research activities at Norwegian universities. Information provided by this system plays a major role in the annual funding of universities by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. Therefore, data quality has been a major issue in the development of the system.
What does Frida provide a unified view of researchers, research projects and research production at all the organization levels to the institution a flexible and distributed model for registration and validation of data where researchers have full insight in and control over their own data direct import of research publications from ISI and Norart makes registration less time-consuming a system suitable for internal presentation and external profiling of research groups, research centers, departments, etc a system that satisfies the government’s demands for documentation of research production
Information needs that Frida has to cover Internal needs Internal division/distribution of assets Presentation/overview of scientific activities Information for developing an institutional strategy for Research Activities Government Reports to DBH on aggregated level Financial Model Research activities are a part of the basis for the grants/funds given to the universities Profiling of researchers and research activities
The five modules of Frida Research results Projects Scientists Research units Annual reporting
Research results Presentation/overview of scientific work and activities: Journal publications Books Reports Chapters in books/reports Talks Posters Media contributions Exhibitions Artistic work Products Patents
Project catalog Overview of projects with information about title, description, url, picture, etc. Project can be connected with central information objects in Frida, such as: persons organization units research results, for example publications, talks, reports search words other projects
Scientists (the catalog of expertise ) Presentation/ overview of scientists and research competence: Brief description of research units and persons, in terms of searchable keywords Can easily identify persons and units with competence in a particular scientific field Can easily obtain an overall picture of the competence of given persons or units
Research units Overview of Research Groups, Research centers and organizational units with information about name, description, url, picture, etc. The Research groups centers, units etc, can be connected with central information objects in Frida, such as: persons organization units research results, for example publications, talks, reports search words projects other Research groups, centers
Annual reporting Additional information related to research activities, e.g. annual workload sabbaticals/research leaves abroad visitors awards, prizes and honors Information on two levels: concerning an individual concerning a scientific unit
Full-text databases All universities which are using Frida today also use open archives to store their publication in full text, also called open Access- databases: DIVA, BORA, DUO, Munin Scientific full text documents can be delivered to Frida: Metadata (title, authors, etc) are registered in Frida The full text documents with the metadata are transferred to the open archive of the respective university
NORA: is the organization of the Norwegian Open Research Archives.
Data model and the authoritative registers The system contains registers/separate tables of: periodicals, series publishers organizations (institutions) common code tables. Frida institutions share these registers. The common use and maintenance of these registers is an important quality measure in Frida.
Control of data in the database Much of the information in Frida is subject to automatic validation in the database. Tables with code values are implemented in many areas. For example, there is a central code table for publication type. All legal values that the user may register in a field must be represented in the corresponding code tables. In addition, various business rules are implemented in the database. These rules prevent the direct alteration of data in the database (or via the web interface) that might introduce inconsistencies or otherwise lead to poor quality. For example, the user cannot register a journal that does not have an ISSN. Furthermore, only authors registered with a social security number will be recognized by the system as affiliated with the institution (confirmation of author address).
Duplicate control Standard duplicate controls used in bibliographic data systems have been implemented in Frida. Due to the strict and normalized database structure, other approaches and controls have also been implemented. The common use of authoritative registers makes duplicate control functions easier to implement.
Data registration and alternation of data Only authorized users can log on and enter or change data in the system. Only authors of a publication can alter the data concerning this publication. Super users within the same line of organization can also make changes to the data. For example, the super user at the Department of Mathematics may perform alterations to publication records involving authors working at this particular department. It is also possible for the institution to activate an email-messaging system that notifies all the authors involved whenever a change has been made to a publication record or a new publication is being registered.
A new financial model The Norwegian documentation system for research funding was approved by the Ministry of Education and Research in 2005, and the model was applied for the first time during budget allocations in 2006. The system is designed to facilitate a performance-based distribution of research funding to institutions based on factors including academic publishing activity.
Central initiatives The Ministry of Education and Research took initiative to improve the quality of publication data. This resulted in: (1) The creation of a national register of publication channels (periodicals, series, publishers) and institutions (organizations). (2) An information pool of bibliographic data to be distributed to local research documentation systems. A system called ITAR (Import Service and Authority Registers) was developed in order to organize information from authoritative registers and bibliographic data. These data are made available to Frida via an export service in ITAR. Suppliers of bibliographic data: ISI, Norart and BIBSYS.
Data from external bibliographical data sources An import component has been developed in the Frida-application which allows academic staff to import their own publications as well as allowing administrative staff to import all publications for their institution. The import component in Frida has been designed to handle the different statuses a publication may have: The import publication has already been manually registered The import publication has already been imported but lacks additional data The import publication is new (has not been previously registered in Frida) During the import phase, a selection of ITAR-data is defined as authoritative and will override manually registered data. This is particularly relevant for data later submitted when applying for funding from the Ministry of Education and Research, including publication channel, the number of authors and the publication type (article, letter etc.). These data can not be changed by the user. Other data such as title and volume can be changed.
Frida as an economy system Information provided by Frida on scientific activities play a role in annual funding of the universities from the ministry of education in Norway. Therefore the system is treated as an economy system with the following demands: Quality routines must exist and must be followed Tracability, change control, who, when etc, ? Controls and businessrules are implemented in the system
Quality mechanisms Import of data from ITAR (quality assured by NSD) Authority registers (from ITAR) Other code tables Business rules implemented in the database Import of authors employed by the institution from the institution HR system Data in Frida is made available though an open Web interface. This also improve the quality of data. Scientists do not want incorrect information about them published on the web.
Quality mechanisms Quality routines Description of all phases from data entry, data control and approval to the annual reporting of data The Frida Secretariat has provided a common routine description to its member institutions Approval regime All publications that are candidates for reporting have to be approved by a super user or other administrative staff before they are reported to the Ministry of Education and Research Quality reports Several reports have been developed as part of the quality assurance process. Several reports have been developed as part of the quality assurance process. Cross institutional rapport easy to make due to VPD
Reuse of Frida data We allow reuse of Frida data in different contexts, It is also possible to save the results of a publication query to an XML tagged file. These data can be used in e.g. CVs or funding applications. An important issue, both for the general acceptance of the system and for the prevention of inconsistencies in the registered data, is the need to safeguard against the registration of the same information multiple times. There is also an increasing demand for the use of data from Frida in other contexts, both locally and publicly. The number of stakeholders are increasing, such as students, the researchers themselves, research managers, administrators, journalists, foundations, companies and the general public. Submit service which allows the submission of journal papers and other contents to Open Access Systems. For researchers to report data to their institution, they should only have to relate to one system: Frida.
Reuse of Frida data It is possible to reuse Frida data in different context for example in local Web-pages by dynamic links
Export of data from Frida An XML-Schema has been made for the Frida publication data. With the help of the predefined XML- Schema research results can be exported from Frida and imported to a local webpage. Frida XML- transformation Local webpage
Frida as a national system A national group was established in 2008 to look at the possibility of establishing a common national system (also including all the research institutes and Health Trust /hospitals) in Norway. The group recommended that a restructured Frida was the best solution, and the Ministry of Education and Research decided in 2009 that Frida would be the common research system in Norway for 150 institutions.
Frida as a national system The main purpose of the restructuring was to make more of the data shared / common between the institutions while still allowing for the institutional view, ownership and responsibility of the data. By this restructuring, the system will simultaneously satisfy both institutional and national needs. Current Research System in Norway
Benefits of restructuring Frida No need to make a separate view/presentation of data for a national presentation The number of duplicates will be reduced, especially in a national perspective Data is more suited for statistics and data-warehousing for advanced sophisticated analysis of data Reuse of what is already implemented in Frida makes restructuring possible at reduced costs
Benefits of restructuring Frida Common data is not duplicated in the institutional databases Disjoint and private data are stored in the institutionally specific areas/database. The institutionally specific view, ownership and control of are retained Rationalization. Closing similar systems and focusing on one system will benefit more users and stakeholders.
Conclusion The quality of Frida is always on the agenda, and the system is constantly being improved. The total number of publication points reported to the Ministry of Education and Research over the last two years has stabilized. We interpret this as an indication that the level of quality is acceptable. There is a great interest from researchers to register data. Researchers are only required to register data that is reported to the Ministry, but many researchers register data about all their activities. Researchers demand that the data registered in Frida can be used for profiling them as researchers. Introducing VPD resulted in an opportunity to develop national control routines across all participating Frida institutions. Frida was an excellent starting point for a national system for registering research activities. When Frida is restructured, and is offered to all research institutions in Norway, it will be introduced with a new name Cristin! Cristin will be launched at the end of year 2010.