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Tax Preference Performance Review: Beef Processors Proposed Final Report Joint Legislative Audit & Review Committee March 21, 2007 Lizbeth Martin-Mahar.

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Presentation on theme: "Tax Preference Performance Review: Beef Processors Proposed Final Report Joint Legislative Audit & Review Committee March 21, 2007 Lizbeth Martin-Mahar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tax Preference Performance Review: Beef Processors Proposed Final Report Joint Legislative Audit & Review Committee March 21, 2007 Lizbeth Martin-Mahar

2 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 2 Presentation Overview Background Answers to Tax Preference Review Questions Recommendation and Responses – Legislature should retain the current law expiration date – Citizens Commission on Tax Preferences endorsed the JLARC recommendation – DOR and OFM both concurred in the JLARC recommendation

3 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 3 Beef Processors Tax Preference HB 2929 (2004): temporary tax deduction on the business and occupation tax Due to foreign import bans on U.S. beef in response to the discovery of BSE in WA state Concern over negative impact from bans Need to have both slaughtering and wholesaling activities to qualify Effective March 31, 2004 Specific expiration date of December 2007 was added in 2005 (HB 1407) BACKGROUNDBACKGROUND

4 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 4 Post Beef Import Ban Pre Beef Import Ban Source: WISER Trade Data. Dollars not adjusted for inflation. Value of WA Beef Exports ($ millions) Industry Health: Washington Beef Exports ($ millions) Report p. 38 Year $241 million (16% of gross receipts) $241 million (16% of gross receipts) $92 million $19 million

5 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review Year Value of WA Red Meat Production (millions of pounds) Pre Beef Import Ban Post Beef Import Ban Industry Health: Washington Red Meat Production (millions of pounds) Report p. 44 Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Washington State 2006 Annual Agriculture Bulletin. 750 million pounds 598 million pounds

6 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 6 Industry Health: Washington Employment in Beef Processing Industries Year * 2006 employment based on first quarter Average Employment Pre Beef Import Ban Post Beef Import Ban Report p. 35 Source: Washington Employment Security Department Covered Employment Data. 4,101 employees 3,782 employees

7 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 7 Public Policy Objectives - Questions and Responses What are the public policy objectives that provide a justification for the tax preference? – Compensate beef processors from the negative impact from foreign import bans placed on U.S. beef exports – Targeted at beef processors slaughtering their own beef in Washington – Temporary business and occupation tax relief Report p. 11

8 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 8 Public Policy Objectives - Questions and Responses What evidence exists to show that the tax preference has contributed to the achievement of any of these public policy objectives? – Utilized by beef processors slaughtering their own cattle in Washington State – Does achieve the objective of providing temporary tax relief Report p. 12

9 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 9 Public Policy Objectives - Questions and Responses To what extent will continuation of the tax preference contribute to these public policy objectives? – Continuing the tax preference will only partially fulfill the public policy objectives outlined in law Will violate the “temporary” nature of the public policy objective Negative impact from foreign import bans on beef has diminished over time Report p. 15

10 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 10 Beneficiaries - Questions and Responses Who are the entities whose tax liabilities are directly affected by the tax preference? – Businesses slaughtering their own beef and selling at wholesale – Six beef processors claimed the tax deduction in 2004 and 2005 and five beef processors in 2006 Report p. 17

11 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 11 Revenue and Economic Impacts - Questions and Responses What are the past and future tax revenue and economic impacts of the tax preference if it is continued? – Estimated B&O tax loss was $1.1 million (three quarters in 2004) and $1.62 million (2005) – Estimated future B&O tax loss would be $1.1 million – Total employment of those claiming the deduction was 2,416 in 2005 (64% of the employees in beef processing industry) – Decline in employment from the firms claiming the deduction (-9%) is nearly the same as industry wide Report p. 20

12 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 12 Other States Similar Tax Preferences – No other state has enacted this type of tax preference for beef processors Report p. 21

13 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 13 Recommendation: Beef Processors Tax Preference The Legislature should retain the current law expiration date of December 31, 2007, on the beef processors tax preference No legislation is required with this recommendation Revenue impact from this recommendation is $0 since there is already an expiration date in current law and the revenue impact is already incorporated into the state forecast Report p. 21

14 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 14 Tax Commission and Agency Responses Citizen Commission for Performance of Tax Preferences endorsed the recommendation in the JLARC report Office of Financial Management and the Department of Revenue also concurred with the recommendation in the report

15 March 21, 2007JLARC Tax Preference Performance Review 15 Contact Information Lizbeth Martin-Mahar


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