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Unleashing Expressivity Linked Data for Digital Collections Managers Cory Lampert Head, Digital Collections Mountain West Digital Library Hubs Meeting.

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Presentation on theme: "Unleashing Expressivity Linked Data for Digital Collections Managers Cory Lampert Head, Digital Collections Mountain West Digital Library Hubs Meeting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unleashing Expressivity Linked Data for Digital Collections Managers Cory Lampert Head, Digital Collections Mountain West Digital Library Hubs Meeting March 17, 2014

2 Agenda Why? Primer on LD for Digital Library Managers Opening our minds to a post-”record” world Empowering others through practical exploration – Technologies – Transforming metadata into linked data Let’s see it! Next steps

3 Linked Data Overview My collections are already visible through Google; so who cares This is a topic for catalogers It’s too technical / complicated / boring Actually... Linked data is the future of the Web Data will no longer be in trapped in silos imposed by systems, collections, or records Exposed open data presents new opportunities for users

4 What is Linked Data? Linked Data refers to a set of best practices for publishing and interlinking data on the Web Data needs to be machine-readable Linked data (Web of Data) is an expansion of the Web we know (Web of documents)

5 Current Practice Data (or metadata) encapsulated in records Records contained in collections Very few links are created within and/or across collections Links have to be manually created Existing links do not specify the nature of the relationships among records This structure hides potential links within and across collections

6 What we can do with linked data Free data from silos Expose relationships Powerful, seamless, interlinking of our data Users interact or query data in new ways Search results would be more precise Data can be easily repurposed

7 Why? Our data needs an upgrade.

8 The Linked Data Cloud

9 A Post-”record” world Despite limitations, we have already invested lots of resources in the metadata! It is valuable. Triples represent the next evolution in powerful, flexible, standards-based interoperable metadata. Each metadata field may produce one or several statements One metadata record can produce many, many, triples

10 How can we create linked data? Our metadata records are deconstructed in triples (statements) that are machine-readable Triples are expressed as: Subject – Predicate - Object For example: This book – has creator – Tom Heath This book – has title – Linked Data: Evolving the…” Subjects, predicates and most objects should have unique identifiers (URIs) creating data that can be used in Web architecture (HTTP) These statements are expressed using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Linked data can be queried using SPARQL

11 Example of a metadata record

12 Expressing metadata as triples

13 Graphical Representation

14 Examples of records Showgirls Menus Dreaming the Skyline

15 title

16 How can I transform textual triples into machine-readable? We need a data model Europeana Data Model gives us a framework to help organize, structure, and define which predicates we are going to use Adopting an existing model is preferable to creating your own (interoperability)

17 title

18 Triples with URIs & EDM model predicates (Local URI)

19 Machine-readable foaf:.http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/ dc:creator foaf:depicts.http://digloc7.library.unlv.edu:8890/ProvidedCHO/sho000071http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n edm:hasType

20 “I’m a digital collections manager”… What is known? – lots of THEORY and lots of TECHNICAL information What is happening? – a move toward PRACTICE and APPLICATION in libraries by non-programmers Is there a “recipe” yet? - No. But, our staff CAN do significant work to prepare for linked data and to understand linked data principles, even if it isn’t realistic to run a parallel process.

21 UNLV Linked Data Project Goals: Study the feasibility of developing a common process that would allow the conversion of our collection records into linked data preserving their original expressivity and richness Publish data from our collections in the Linked Data Cloud to improve discoverability and connections with other related data sets on the Web

22 ActionsTechnologies Prepare data Export data Import data Publish Open Refine Mulgara / Virtuoso CONTENTdm Import data Clean data Reconcile Generate triples Export RDF

23 Export Data and Prepare Increase consistency across collections: – metadata element labels – use of CV, – share local CVs – etc. Map metadata elements with predicates from data model Export data as spreadsheet

24 OpenRefine Open Source It is a server – can communicate with other datasets via http Install Open Refine and its RDF extension Screenshots to cover some functions we have used so far

25 OpenRefine first screen

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27 Facet

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30 Split multi-value cells

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33 Reconciliation

34 Specifying Reconcilation Service

35 Activating Reconcilation

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37 Creating a Skeleton

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40 Exporting RDF Files

41 ActionsTechnologies Prepare data Export data Import data Publish Query Open Refine Mulgara / Virtuoso CONTENTdm Import data Clean data Reconcile Generate triples Export RDF

42 Mulgara Triple Store: Import

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44 Simple SPARQL query Select * Where {?s ?p ?o} limit 100

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46 Yeah, but what does it look like – to humans? Pivot Viewer and Virtuoso: RelFinder: Gelphi: Linked Jazz:

47 Query an interface

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51 Next Steps Understand workflow for transformation of digital collections into linked data (parallel structure) Publish data; understand skills needed for best practices Increase linkage with other datasets Explore interfaces and advocate for our users; to access and display our data and related data from other datasets Collaborate and partner with others

52 Thank You! Questions?


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