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1 cs205: engineering software university of virginia fall 2006 Wimpy Interfaces.

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Presentation on theme: "1 cs205: engineering software university of virginia fall 2006 Wimpy Interfaces."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 cs205: engineering software university of virginia fall 2006 Wimpy Interfaces

2 2 cs205: engineering software Project Progress Reports Due Monday, Nov 27 1.Updated description of your design –Explain any changes to your project idea since the design review meeting –Explain major changes to your design 2.Clear list of what you have done: –Include print outs of code for some important modules –Explanation of your testing strategy (and how far you have gotten) 3.Plans for completing the project –List of what is left to do and how you will do it

3 3 cs205: engineering software public Component add(Component c) Component Container Window Frame JFrame JComponent JLabel AbstractButton JButton JPanel...and hundreds (?) more subtypes in API

4 4 cs205: engineering software Adding Components import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.*; public class Main { private static void showGUI() { //Create and set up the window. JFrame frame = new JFrame("Swing GUI"); java.awt.Container content = frame.getContentPane(); content.setLayout(new FlowLayout()); content.add(new JLabel ("Yo!")); content.add(new JButton ("Click Me")); frame.pack(); frame.setVisible(true); }

5 5 cs205: engineering software Making Buttons public void addActionListener(ActionListener l) MODIFIES: thisActionListener EFFECTS: Adds an ActionListener l to the button. java.awt.event interface ActionListener extends EventListener { void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) EFFECTS: anything Note: this method is called when an action occurs. }

6 6 cs205: engineering software import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; class ButtonListener implements ActionListener { public void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) { System.out.println ("Got a button press:” + e); } public class Main { private static void showGUI() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("Swing GUI"); java.awt.Container content = frame.getContentPane(); content.setLayout(new FlowLayout()); content.add(new JLabel ("Yo!")); JButton button = new JButton ("Click Me"); button.addActionListener(new ButtonListener()); content.add(button); frame.pack(); frame.setVisible(true); }

7 7 cs205: engineering software Action Events Got a button press: java.awt.event.ActionEvent[ACTION_PERFORMED,cmd=Click Me, when= ,modifiers=Button1] on javax.swing.JButton[,27,5,82x26,alignmentX=0.0,alignmentY=0.5, 9ab3e,flags=296,maximumSize=,minimumSize=, preferredSize=,defaultIcon=,disabledIcon=,disabledSelectedIcon=, margin=javax.swing.plaf.InsetsUIResource[top=2,left=14,bottom=2,right=1 4],paintBorder=true,paintFocus=true, pressedIcon=,rolloverEnabled=true,rolloverIcon=,rolloverSelectedIcon=, selectedIcon=,text=Click Me,defaultCapable=true]

8 8 cs205: engineering software class ButtonListener implements ActionListener { public void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) { if (e.getActionCommand().equals ("On")) { System.out.println("On!"); } else if (e.getActionCommand().equals("Off")) { System.out.println("Off!"); } else { System.out.println("Unrecognized button press!"); } } } public class Main { private static void showGUI() { … ButtonListener bl = new ButtonListener(); JButton onButton = new JButton ("On"); onButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(onButton); JButton offButton = new JButton ("Off"); offButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(offButton); …

9 9 cs205: engineering software Activating/Deactivating // in JButton: void setEnabled(boolean b) MODIFIES: this EFFECTS: If b, enables this. Otherwise, disables this.

10 10 cs205: engineering software class ButtonListener implements ActionListener { public void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) { if (e.getActionCommand().equals ("On")) { System.out.println("On!"); } else if (e.getActionCommand().equals("Off")) { System.out.println("Off!"); } else { System.out.println("Unrecognized button press!"); } } } public class Main { private static void showGUI() { … ButtonListener bl = new ButtonListener(); JButton onButton = new JButton ("On"); onButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(onButton); JButton offButton = new JButton ("Off"); offButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(offButton); … Can we make clicking “On” enable the “Off” button (and vice versa)?

11 11 cs205: engineering software Inner Classes Added to JDK 1.1 (no JavaVM support) Define a class inside a scope It has access to variables in the containing scope –Including private instance variables!

12 12 cs205: engineering software public class Main { private static void showGUI() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("Swing GUI"); java.awt.Container content = frame.getContentPane(); content.setLayout(new FlowLayout()); final JButton onButton = new JButton ("On"); final JButton offButton = new JButton ("Off"); class ButtonListener implements ActionListener { public void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) { if (e.getActionCommand().equals ("On")) { onButton.setEnabled(false); offButton.setEnabled(true); } else if (e.getActionCommand().equals("Off")) { onButton.setEnabled(true); offButton.setEnabled(false); } }; ButtonListener bl = new ButtonListener(); onButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(onButton);

13 13 cs205: engineering software Anonymous Classes No need to give inner classes names! var = new Superclass ( ) { // override methods here }

14 14 cs205: engineering software public class Main { private static void showGUI() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("Swing GUI"); java.awt.Container content = frame.getContentPane(); content.setLayout(new FlowLayout()); final JButton onButton = new JButton ("On"); final JButton offButton = new JButton ("Off"); ActionListener bl = new ActionListener (){ public void actionPerformed (ActionEvent e) { if (e.getActionCommand().equals ("On")) { onButton.setEnabled(false); offButton.setEnabled(true); } else if (e.getActionCommand().equals("Off")) { onButton.setEnabled(true); offButton.setEnabled(false); } }; onButton.addActionListener(bl); content.add(onButton); What is the actual type of bl?

15 15 cs205: engineering software Not just Buttons Component JComponent AbstractButton JButton JToggleButton JCheckBoxJRadioButton

16 16 cs205: engineering software Menus Too... JComponent AbstractButton JButton JMenuItem JMenu JCheckboxMenuItem JRadioButtonMenuItem JMenuBar JPopupMenu Awkward design: JMenu is a button – action is to popup JPopupMenu JMenu contains a list of JMenuItem’s Why is JMenu a subtype of JMenuItem?

17 17 cs205: engineering software Concurrency in GUIs Responsiveness of GUI depends on multiple threads Swing thread types: –Initial threads (start program) –One event dispatch thread (all event- handling code) –Worker threads (do time-consuming tasks in background) Swing framework does most of the work – programmer doesn’t need to create threads

18 18 cs205: engineering software Event Dispatch Why is there only one event dispatch thread? Hint: did we need to synchronize? One event thread means all compute-intensive work should be done in worker threads. (Otherwise interface freezes like Rhocasa).

19 19 cs205: engineering software Worker Threads Create a background thread to do compute-intensive tasks SwingWorker is added to Java 6 (but we have Java 5). Need to download it from:

20 20 cs205: engineering software invokeLater import javax.swing.*; public class Main { private static void showGUI() {... } public static void main(String args[]) { javax.swing.SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() { public void run() { showGUI(); } }); } // in SwingUtilities: public static void invokeLater(Runnable doRun)Runnable EFFECTS: Causes doRun.run() to be executed asynchronously on the AWT event dispatching thread. This will happen after all pending AWT events have been processed. This method should be used when an application thread needs to update the GUI.

21 21 cs205: engineering software Charge Projects: make progress! < 17 days until final reports are due Friday’s class: network programming


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