Presentation on theme: "Single Window for export and import clearance: Policy arguments and regional options Mario Apostolov, Regional Adviser UNECE Trade"— Presentation transcript:
Single Window for export and import clearance: Policy arguments and regional options Mario Apostolov, Regional Adviser UNECE Trade Joint Trade Conference: PAM and UN Trade & Productive Capacity Cluster Geneva, 4-5 May 2011
Financial crisis, social upheaval Mediterranean:
The current situation Economic crisis Security concerns
The current situation Economic crisis Security concerns - Raise economic efficiency - Trade (eliminate protectionism) - Foster development in South and East Mediterranean - Efficiency of official controls - Good governance
Eastern Europe 1989 Mediterranean 2011 Vaclav Klaus to the West: Give us trade, not aid! The structure for this: EU integration Period of preparation & expectations Wave of democratization in the S.&E. Mediterranean What structural arrangements ? Support for SMEs – middle class – democratic society Tariffs - low (WTO) = trade facilitation
Why a Single Window? UNCEFACT Recomendation 33 1.A tool of good governance (benefits for Government) –Efficient distribution of resources –Better revenue collection –More compliance from businessh –More security (on hte basis of risk analysis) –Less corruption 2.A tool of business efficiency (benefits for business) –Lower cost because of shorter time for the preparation of documents –Goods released faster –Predictable and efficient explanation and implementation of rules and procedures –More transparency Organizational and political instrument
B G G 2 G B 2 G G 2 G PROBLEM – For a foreign trade transaction various control agencies require about 40 documents with often repeated data => Streamline trade procedures and document exchange Alignment withinternational standards Automation ▼ SOLUTION – Single Window for export and import clearance G 2 G B 2 B
What the Single Window is: virtual info exchange Definition: a system that allows all participants in trade and transport file requested information in only one place, in a standard format, in order to carry out import, export and transit operations.
FROMTO Mountains of paper 30% mistakes Weeks for clearance Customs, export, import, etc. processes together Many documents filed together Appr. 1 hour for clearance Rec. 33: The Single Window Concept PORT AUTHORITY CUSTOMS CONSIGNOR PORT HEALTH CARRIER HAULIERWHARFINGER CUSTOMS BROKER LINE AGENT CONSIGNEE Single Window
Two directions of work in building a SW ~80% of the work - negotiations Policy work Building political will Draft concept paper & feasibility study Appoint a lead agency (e.g. Customs) Harmonize policy Technical work Data harmonization Developing a SW system Alignment with international standards Interagency management group ~20% technical work Interagency technical group
Prerequisites High-level political support (e.g. PM) Strong lead agency Clear vision (purpose, concept, model, scope) Effective coordination of various organizations! Step-by-step Involve business community in planning, decision- making and execution (not like Tunisia TradeNet) Create an enabling legal environment Draft and adopt a Master Plan defining tasks for all
Rec.35: Checklist of basic legal issues 1)Law on electronic signatures Is the system working on a PKI basis? Is there a root CA + functioning network of CAs? 2) Law on electronic commerce 3) Law on e-government 4) Law on data protection 5) Do sectoral laws (e.g. sanitary laws) envisage the use of sector and/or country specific codes 6) Are there requirements for paper originals in law?
Agreement on a Single Window (among multiple organisations to define roles and responsibilities) Public vs. private law (both domains) Identification, authentication, authorization (electronic authentication not reguilated) Data protection Sharing data bet. government agencies Retention (archiving) of data
Liability issues (determine responsibilities) Competition law (against abuse of dominant position) Electronic and paper document equivalence (admissibility issues, UNCITRAL instruments) Intellectual property rights Settlement of disputes (arbitration or litigation)
Finland SW Greece SWMacedonia SW International Standards Turkey SW Bulgaria SW Ireland SW Spain SW Romania SW Netherlands SW UK SW Possible common Single Window model SW = Single Window Provider Standardized Data Set based on WCO Data Model, UNTDED & UNeDocs Core Components Sweden SW