Presentation on theme: "Phytosanitary and Regulatory Perspective of MLN"— Presentation transcript:
1Phytosanitary and Regulatory Perspective of MLN FRANCIS MWATUNIWebsite:
2KEPHIS (Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service) A state corporation in the ministry of Agriculture mandated to offer regulatory services in the agricultural sector. VISION: The Lead Regulator And Facilitator Of Globally Competitive Agriculture MISSION: To Provide A Science-Based Regulatory Service By Assuring Quality Of Agricultural Inputs And Produce To Promote Food Security And Sustainable Development
3Legal Framework Agriculture Act, Cap 318 Agricultural Produce (Export) Act, Cap 319Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, Cap 320Plant Protection Act, Cap 324The Suppression of Noxious Weeds Act, Cap 325
4Legal Framework Cont. The Seeds and Plant varieties Act, Cap 326 The Fertilizers and Animal Foodstuffs Act, Cap 345The Pest Control Products Act, Cap 346Biosafety Act, 2009Supported by a number of International Instruments such UPOV Convention, OECD seed scheme etc
5KEPHIS Activities in relation to MLND Disease surveillanceLaboratory diagnostics of MLN- For local and imported seed as well as post control testing of maize seed- Has laboratory capacity to test MLNDCentralized regulation of maize seed importsSeed Certification processTraining and sensitization of stakeholders
6MLN Disease Surveillance KEPHIS has been involved in the collaborative field surveys e.g. Maize National TourSurveillance by inspectors form the Plant Quarantine and Biosecurity Station (PQBS)MLN Surveillance coordinated by KEPHIS Pest Risk Analysis Team(KEPHIS-HQSurveillance by KEPHIS Inspectors in other regional officesSurveillance Samples analyzed at KEPHIS Plant Quarantine molecular laboratory for MCMV & SCMV
7Laboratory Diagnostics on MLND Capacity Building on MLND diagnostics done at FERA-UK; January 2013.Focused on Real-Time PCR assays for seed testingA seed testing protocol developedKEPHIS adopted the protocolCurrently involved in routine testing of MCMV and SCMV for advisory services and seed certification ( local and imported seeds)
9Centralized regulation of maize seed/grain imports All Requests to import maize seed are controlled at KEPHIS-HQ Karen.Also imports of maize grain has been centralizedMaize seed importers required to send a representative sample to KEPHIS for MLN Screening prior to importation.
10Seed import/export Regulation Only registered seed merchants are allowed to import/export seedAn SR14 form is filled to notify kephis for the intention to im port or export seed.A plant Import Import permit is issued for the importation.Seed can also be imported by researchers for experimental purposes
11Import regulation and Phytosanitary measures Due to the threats of introducing new strains of MCMV, seed samples are delivered to Kephis Plant health labs for screening for the two viruses.A plant Import permit is issued for importation once the lot is declared to be free from the viruses.The imported seed is subjected to seed testing in the Seed testing lab In Kephis,Lanet.
12MLND Viruses transmission Seed transmission of the MCMV is very lowIt was determined that out of 42,000 seeds, only 17 seeds will transmit MCMV (Stanely et al 1991).ScMV is not known to be transmitted through seed (Humaydan, 1979).
14Seed Certification Measures Field Inspection of Seed fields is based on the minimum thresholds for rejection at 10%.Agreement with seed companies to implement recommendations for preventing MLND infectionSeed companies have adopted the dressing of the seed with systemic insecticides e.g Thunder, gaucho, Cruiser.
15Inspectors in the field A devastated seed fieldA seed Inspector in the field
16Seed Certification Measures Seed is also dressed with fungicides, eg Maxim and RoyalcapPCPB is currently evaluating several insecticides for seed dressing that can protect the maize crop in the field for a longer period
17Participation in stakeholder awareness programs Early 2013, involved in MLND awareness program coordinated by MOA in collaboration with FAO.Covered different maize production regions around the countryFocused on early detection of symptoms, and the available management options