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Lecture L3.2 The Academy of Wisdom and Enlightenment (AWE) How to open our mind Feb 16, 20131

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Meaning and value of life Buddhism is actually an evolving human consciousness including religion, metaphysics, science and philosophy (The meaning of life) Enlightenment is embracing these knowledge in totality and living out life wisely to its highest value. (The value of life) Feb 16, 20132

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Metaphysics The branch of philosophy concerned with the study of the nature of being and beings, existence, time and space, and causality Big questions Prerequisites

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Learning & Thinking Feb 16, 20134

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Learning & Thinking Feb 16, 20135

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set Feb 16, 20136

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Billions1,000,000,00010 Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set Feb 16, 20137

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Billions1,000,000,00010 Trillions1,000,000,000,00013 Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set Feb 16, 20138

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Billions1,000,000,00010 Trillions1,000,000,000,00013 Quadrillion1,000,0000,000,000,00016 Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set Feb 16, 20139

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Billions1,000,000,00010 Trillions1,000,000,000,00013 Quadrillion1,000,0000,000,000,00016 Gazillion1,000,000,000,000,000,00019 zillion, jillion, and gazillion, are fictitious names Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set Feb 16,

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UnitLog 10 incrementsDigits Ten102 Hundred1003 Thousands10004 Millions1,000,0007 Billions1,000,000,00010 Trillions1,000,000,000,00013 Quadrillion1,000,0000,000,000,00016 Gazillion1,000,000,000,000,000,00019 zillion, jillion, and gazillion, are fictitious names “Infinity”1,000,000,000,000,000,000,00022 Linear (one-dimensional) Mind Set

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Two-dimensional mindset UnitsSquare IncrementDigits Hundred10 x 10 = 1003 Ten thousand100 x 100 = 10,0005 Feb 16,

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Two-dimensional mindset UnitsSquare IncrementDigits Hundred10 x 10 = 1003 Ten thousand100 x 100 = 10,0005 Hundred million 10,000 x 10,000 = 100,000,000 9 Feb 16,

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Two-dimensional mindset UnitsSquare IncrementDigits Hundred10 x 10 = 1003 Ten thousand100 x 100 = 10,0005 Hundred million 10,000 x 10,000 = 100,000,000 9 Hundred quadrillion 100,000,000 x 100,000,000 = 10,000,000,000,000, Feb 16,

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Two-dimensional mindset UnitsSquare IncrementDigits Hundred10 x 10 = 1003 Ten thousand100 x 100 = 10,0005 Hundred million 10,000 x 10,000 = 100,000,000 9 Hundred quadrillion 100,000,000 x 100,000,000 = 10,000,000,000,000, “Infinity”10,000,000,000,000,000 x 10,000,000,000,000,000 = infinity 33 Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale ( USA and Modern British) 1million10 6 2milliard 3billion10 9 4trillion quadrillion quintillion sextillion10 21 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale ( USA and Modern British) 8septillion octillion nonillion decillion10 33 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale ( USA and Modern British) 8septillion octillion nonillion decillion undecillion10 36 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale ( USA and Modern British) 8septillion octillion nonillion decillion undecillion duodecillion10 39 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale ( USA and Modern British) 8septillion octillion nonillion decillion undecillion duodecillion tredecillion10 42 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale 15quattuordecillion quindecillion (quinquadecillion) sexdecillion (sedecillion) septendecillion octodecillion novemdecillion (novendecillion)10 60 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale 15quattuordecillion quindecillion (quinquadecillion) sexdecillion (sedecillion) septendecillion octodecillion novemdecillion (novendecillion) vigintillion10 63 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Unit (-illion) Short scale 15quattuordecillion quindecillion (quinquadecillion) sexdecillion (sedecillion) septendecillion octodecillion novemdecillion (novendecillion) vigintillion centillion10 66 Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 1 10,000,000 = 10 million = 1 koti8 2 koti x koti = ayuta15 3 ayuta x ayuta= niyuta29 4 niyuta x niyuta = bimbara57 5 bimbara x bimbara = kinkara113 6 kinkara x kinkara = agara225 7 agara x agara = pravara449 8 pravara x pravara = mapara897 Expansion of two-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 9 mapara x mapara = tapara tapara x tapara = sima sima x sima = yama yama x yama = nema nema x nema = avaga avaga x avaga = mrgava mrgava x mrgava = viraga viraga x viraga = vigava Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 17 vigava x vigava = samkrama samkrama x samkrama = visara visara x visara = vibhaja vibhaja x vibhaja =vijangha vijangha x vijangha = vishoda vishoda x vishoda = vivaha vivaha x vivaha = vibhakta vibhkata x vibhakta = vikhata Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 25 vikhata x vikhata = ilana ilana x ilana = avana avana x avana = thavana thavana x thavana = viparya viparya x viparya = samaya samaya x samaya = viturna viturna x viturna = hetura hetura x hetura = vicara Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 33 vicara x vicara = vyavasta vyavasta x vyavasta = abhyundgata abhyudgata x abhyudgata = vishishta vishishta x vishishta = nilamba nilamba x nilamba = harita harita x harita = vikshoba vikshoba x vikshoba = halita halita x halita = hari Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 41 hari x hari = aloka aloka x aloka = drshvanta drshvanta x drshvanta = hetuna hetuna x hetuna = ela ela x ela = dumela dumela x dumela = kshemu kshemu x kshemu = eluda eluda x eluda = bhaluda Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 49 bhaluda x bhaluda = samata samata x samata = visada visada x visada = pramatra pramatra x pramatra = amantra amantra x amantra = bhramantra bhramatra x bhramantra =gamantra gamantra x gamantra = namantra namantra x namantra = nahimantra Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 57 nahimantra x nahimantra = vimantra vimantra x vimantra = paramantra paramantra x paramantra = shivamantra shivamantra x shivamantra = delu delu x delu = velu velu x velu = gelu gelu x gelu = khelu khelu x khelu = nelu Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 65 nelu x nelu = bhelu bhelu x bhelu = kelu kelu x kelu = selu selu x selu = pelu pelu x pelu = melu melu x melu = sarada sarada x sarada = bherudu bherudu x bherudu = kheludu Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 73 kheludu x kheludu = maludu maludu x maludu = samalu samalu x samalu = athava athava x athava = kamala kamala x kamala = agava agava x agava = ataru ataru x ataru = helura helura x helura =mirahu Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 81 mirahu x mirahu = carana carana x carana = dhana dhana x dhana = pramada pramada x pramada = nigama nigama x nigama = upavarta upavarta x upavarta = nirdesha nirdesha x nirdesha = akshaya akshaya x akshaya = sambhuta Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 89 sambhuta x sambhuta = mamama mamama x mamama = avada avada x avada = utpala utpala x utpala = padma padma x padma = sankhya sankhya x sankhya = gati gati x gati = upama upama x upama = aupamya Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 97 aupamya x aupamya = incalculable incalculable x incalculable = incalculable incalculable 2 x incalculable 2 = incalculable incalculable 4 x incalculable 4 = measureless measureless x measureless = measureless measureless 2 x measureless 2 = measureless measureless 4 x measureless 4 = boundless boundless x boundless = boundless Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 105 boundless 2 x boundless 2 = boundless boundless 4 x boundless 4 = incomparable incomparable x incomparable= incomparable incomparable 2 x incomparable 2 = incomparable incomparable 4 x incomparable 4 = uncountable uncountable x uncountable = uncountable uncountable 2 x uncountable 2 = uncountable uncountable 4 x uncountable 4 = unequalled Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 113 unequalled x unequalled = unequalled unequalled 2 x unequalled 2 = unequalled unequalled 4 x unequalled 4 = inconceivable inconceivable x inconceivable = inconceivable inconceivable 2 x inconceivable 2 = inconceivable inconceivable 4 x inconceivable 4 = immeasurable immeasurable x immeasurable = immeasurable immeasurable 2 x immeasurable 2 = immeasurable Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set

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Avatamsaka SūtraNumber of Digits 122 immeasurable 4 x immeasurable 4 = unspeakable unspeakable x unspeakable = unspeakable unspeakable 2 x unspeakable 2 = unspeakable unspeakable 4 x unspeakable 4 = unspeakably unspeakable unspeakably unspeakable x unspeakably unspeakable = untold ? Expansion of two-dimensional Mind Set

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40 Discussion 討論

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Finite – having bounds or limits; measurable; capable of being completely counted; not infinite or infinitesimal; not zero Infinite – unlimited or unmeasurable; indefinitely or exceedingly great Expansion of one-dimensional Mind Set Feb 16,

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Thinking Boxes Feb 16,

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Finite vs. Infinite (measurement) Male vs. Female (sexually reproductive species) Black vs. White (abstractions) Living vs. Death (life) North vs. South (polarity) Positive vs. Negative pole (polarity) Good vs. Evil (survival advantages) Heaven vs. Hell (spirituality) Yes vs. No (Choice) Duality (relativity, opposites) – Yin versus Yang Feb 16,

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Mathematic Logic Finite = Measurable = unit Infinite = immeasurable = no unit Introduce additional units to measure large numbers, the immeasurable becomes measurable break through duality (finite and infinite are opposites by definition) Opposites are product of small mindset X is inside the box, Y is outside the box, therefore they are opposites. No box, no opposites (think outside box) The usefulness of very big and very small numbers are illustrated by the Macro-micro view power point. Feb 16,

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Take Home Messages Infinity is a concept founded on within- the-box thinking (limited thinking mode). “Finite” and “infinite” are not opposite and not mutually exclusive terms; they are arbitrary concepts that depends on how far the mind is opened; they are relative. Abstract concepts such as infinity (a qualifier) can be quantified by introducing new units of measurement. Feb 16,

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The power of Quantification QualityQuantity DescriptiveDefinitive RelativeAbsolute DualitySingularity Feb 16,

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47 Discussion 討論

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Buddhism in Modern Language with Pho-Hien Temple & AWE FIN Thank You Feb 16,

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