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Parallel Matlab Vikas Argod Research Computing and Cyberinfrastructure vikasargod@psu.edu

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Matlab in Parallel Beautifully parallel Message Passing e.g., Multi, paralize, Plab, ParMatlabe.g., MultiMatlab, CMTM, DPToolbox,MatlabMPI, pMatlab www-math.mit.edu/~edelman/homepage/papers/pmatlab.pdf

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Parallel Computing Toolbox (PCT) Data and task parallelism using – Parallel-for loops – Distributed arrays – Parallel numerical algorithms – Message Passing functions Easy transition between serial and parallel http://www.mathworks.com/products/parallel-computing/description1.html

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Distributed Computing Server (DCS) Parallel Computing Toolbox – Only four local workers on a multicore or multiprocessor computer PCT + DCS -> Cluster-based applications Coordinate and execute independent MATLAB operations simultaneously on a cluster of computers

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Architecture of PCT Normal Matlab session in which the job and its tasks are defined by using the functions provided by PCT. Often, it is on the machine where user programs Matlab. Coordinates the execution of jobs and the evaluation of their tasks, distributes the tasks for evaluation to the individual Matlab sessions called workers Matlab sessions which evaluates the task distributed by scheduler

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Example -Problem Description System of 2^6 (=64) square matrices – Each matrix Sparse, square,2^17 (=131072) dimension – Matrix is generated by ‘ spdiags ’ using a ‘random’ array To extract first 100 eigenvectors – ‘ eigs ’ function is used See handout for the code Each matrix calculation is distributed

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Example - Serial Matlab ‘ eigen ’ is a function – Input : (vector of random numbers, dimension of the matrix) – Output : eigenvectors n = 2^16; p = 2^7; e = rand (n,1,p); for i = 1 : p a = e(:,:,i); ans(i) = eigen(a,n); end Independent calculations

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Example-Parallel Matlab 1.Find available distributed computing resources ( findResource function) nprocs = [ getenv('DMATLAB_NPROCS') ] np = sscanf( nprocs, '%d' ) mgr_name = [ getenv('JOBMANAGER') ] mgr_host = [ getenv('JOBMANAGERHOST') ] jm =findResource('jobmanager','Name',mgr_name,'LookupURL',mgr_host); 2. Create distributed job j = createJob(jm,'FileDependencies',{ }); Path to additional files

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Example – Parallel Matlab 3.Create Tasks for each worker n = 2^16; p = 2^7; e = rand (n,1,p); for i = 1 : p a = e(:,:,i); createTask(j, @eigen, 1, {a,n}) ; end Same as Serial Code Creating tasks Name of the job Parallel Task function Number of output arguments Input arguments to each task

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Example – Parallel Matlab 4. Submit the job and wait for the results 5. Remove the individual task or parent job object destroy(j); submit(j); get(jm); waitForState(j); results = getAllOutputArguments(j) If there are M tasks created and each task has N output arguments, then ‘results’ is a MxN cell array

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Results

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Useful links Parallel Computing Toolbox user’s guide : http://www.mathworks.com/access/helpdesk/help/pdf_doc/distcomp/dis tcomp.pdf Parallel Matlab : Doing it Right www-math.mit.edu/~edelman/homepage/papers/pmatlab.pdf Large Scale Parameter Sweep studies using distributed matlab http://gears.aset.psu.edu/publications/dmatlab_sweep_studies.pdf

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