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Air & Space and Decision Superiority in the 21 st Century Presented by Air Commodore Garfield Porter.

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Presentation on theme: "Air & Space and Decision Superiority in the 21 st Century Presented by Air Commodore Garfield Porter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Air & Space and Decision Superiority in the 21 st Century Presented by Air Commodore Garfield Porter

2 2 Scope  Network Enabling Where are we? Where are we going?  Command Model  BSM in the Air Environment  I2 Challenges  Space  Network Enabling Where are we? Where are we going?  Command Model  BSM in the Air Environment  I2 Challenges  Space

3 3 NATO Air C4ISR – Ground Environment VoIP Begins % 50%0%

4 4 NATO Air C4ISR – Ground Environment NATO Signals Battalions 1.Brunssum 2.Naples VoIP Begins 2007

5 5 NATO Air C4ISR – Ground Environment NATO Signals Battalions 1.Brunssum 2.Naples VoIP Begins Link crypto removed IP-cryptoBlack Core NetSCIP, PKI, CIRC BLACK networks Secure Voice/ VTCoIP EoIPIEG (QoS) On IP CC2PNCCDISIPv6 2017

6 6 NATO Air C4ISR – Air and Space ISR COMMERCIAL NATIONAL CRCs CAOCs NATO IV US/UFO UK/SKYNET 4/5, FR/SYRACUSE III, IT/SICRAL E-3 (FR, NATO, UK, US) E-8 (US) EC-130H (US) EMB-145 (GR) EUROFIGHTER (GE, IT, SP, UK) F-15 (US) NIMROD R1 (UK) Sentinel R1 (UK) F-16 (BE,DA,GR, NL,NO,PL, PO, TU,US) F-18 (CA, US) F-22 (US) RC-135 (US) Rafale (FR) Sea King (UK) TORNADO (IT, UK) B-2 (US) C-17 (CA) CP-140 (CA) E-2C (US) Link 16 Interoperability Number of Aircraft 16/26 Nations Total AC Attack 2007 ISR/Tn 2007 Space Bw Deployable Bw 8,000 ~5,000 ~2,500 71% 29% 41% 59% 94% 6% NUS: 64% US: 36% NUS: 29% US: 71% NUS: 64% US: 36% NUS: 28% US: 72% NUS: 63% US: 37% NUS: UHF SHF X-Band SHF X-Band 2007 UHF

7 7 NATO Air C4ISR – Air and Space ISR NATIONAL ACCS DARS ARS CAOCs CRCs UK/SKYNET 4/5, FR/SYRACUSE III, IT/SICRAL US/MUOS NATO EHF COMMERCIAL (TU) A-10 (US) A-400 (GE) B-1 (US) B-2 (US) B-52 (US) C-130 (NL, UK, US) C-5 (US) C-17 (CA, US) CP-140 (CA) E-2 (FR, US) E-3 (FR, NATO, UK, US) E-8 (US) EA-6B (US) EC-130H (US) EMB-145 (GR) EUROFIGHTER (GE, IT, SP, UK, +) Euro Hawk (GE) F-15 (US) F-16 (BE, DA, GR, NL, NO, PL, PO, TU, US ) F-18 (CA, US) F-22 (US) F-35 (US, +) GLOBAL HAWK (US) JAS-39 (HU) KC-767 (US) KDC-10 (NL) NIMROD MRA/4 (UK) P-3 (GE, PO, US) Rafale (FR) RC-135 (US) Sea King (UK) Sentinel R1 (UK) TORNADO (UK) TRISTAR (UK) VC-10 (UK) E3A MNTACCS LOC 1 IOCACCS FOCAir C2ISDCIS CJTF IOC Link 16 Interoperability Number of Aircraft 17/26 Nations Total AC 2007 Total AC 2012 Attack 2007 Attack 2012 ISR/Tn 2007 ISR/Tn 2012 Space BwDeployable Bw UHF EHF SHF X-Band DFCIS + ACCS 8,000 71% 29% NUS: 64% US: 36% NUS: 29% US:71% 38% 62% 41% 59% 29% 71% 94% 44% 56% ~8,000 ~5,000 ~6,000 ~2,500 ~3,000 NUS: 99% US: 28 1% NUS: 32% US: 68% NUS: 64% US: 36% NUS: 28% US: 72% NUS: US: 63% NUS:37% NUS: 63% US:37% 6% NUS: NUS:98% US: 2% US: 85% AGS FOC AGS IOC 2017 EHF SHF X-Band UHF

8 8 Model for Command Network Enabled Connectivity Command BSM CBMI2 C4ISR I2 SR Control Command I2 Command BSM SR IM Control Self-Sync Shared Situational Awareness

9 9 Air Command Today CAOC Msn ACC

10 10 Air and Space Themes CC Joint Coordination

11 11 CAOC Air Command Tomorrow? Msn ACC CAOC Joint Enabling C AirDPO Joint Enabling

12 12 BSM Challenges  Generating SSA  Link 16  Market Place v Secretariat  Defining the Future Battlespace  Environmental Seams  Generating SSA  Link 16  Market Place v Secretariat  Defining the Future Battlespace  Environmental Seams

13 13 Effects Counter Air AI Space Control Influence Logs Air Defence CAS DPO Force Protect ISTAR Jt Enabling A&S Control Tac AT Battlefield Mobility AOSE Strat AT Air & Space Roles Actions

14 14 Information & Intelligence  Decision Superiority  Definitions  Decision Superiority  Definitions ‘Any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audiovisual forms.’ NATO IM Policy Jan 08

15 15 Information & Intelligence  Decision Superiority  Definitions  I2 Ubiquity through NEC  The Media Dilemma  Higher/Lower I2?  I2 Challenges  Decision Superiority  Definitions  I2 Ubiquity through NEC  The Media Dilemma  Higher/Lower I2?  I2 Challenges

16 Space – the Critical Enabler!  Today’s economy depends on space  Today’s decision makers depend on space  Space enhances national security  Today’s warfighter depends on space  Today’s economy depends on space  Today’s decision makers depend on space  Space enhances national security  Today’s warfighter depends on space

17 17 The Threats to Space Systems are Real SATCOM facility in Serbia destroyed by NATO Chinese ASAT – Jan 07 Television station in Kabul Voice of America jammed by Iran from facility in Cuba STK-generated image courtesy AGI NATO is fighting its first “Space War”

18 Deliberate Planning & Cooperation  There is a lack of space awareness & expertise at all levels – Strategic, Operational & Tactical  NATO needs governance that adequately addresses space issues  NATO, the Nations, EU, ESA and the EDA must increase cooperation to address security & defence issues for space activities  There is a lack of space awareness & expertise at all levels – Strategic, Operational & Tactical  NATO needs governance that adequately addresses space issues  NATO, the Nations, EU, ESA and the EDA must increase cooperation to address security & defence issues for space activities Areas to Address:  Space Situational Awareness  Space Control – Assuring the Space Domain  Combined Space Operations – integrating & using space capabilities Areas to Address:  Space Situational Awareness  Space Control – Assuring the Space Domain  Combined Space Operations – integrating & using space capabilities

19 The Future of NATO Space Power  Assuring the Space Domain?  Conducting Joint & Coalition Space Operations?  NATO Space Ops Coordination Center?  Alliance constellation of small ISR satellites?  NATO Space Component Command? 19

20 Questions


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