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Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australia warning: images of deceased persons Professor Dennis Foley School of Humanities and Social Science The University.

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Presentation on theme: "Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australia warning: images of deceased persons Professor Dennis Foley School of Humanities and Social Science The University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australia warning: images of deceased persons Professor Dennis Foley School of Humanities and Social Science The University of Newcastle

2 January 15, 2015 2

3 3

4 Leadership? What is it? Is it tradional, authorised – legitimate leadership? Is it opportunity realisation – illegitimate leadership? Is it community, political or individual? Or in our history is it all three? January 15, 2015 4

5 5

6 6 Windradyn 1824 DiedDied: March 21, 1829

7 January 15, 2015 7 William Cooper 1861-1941 Yorta Yorta of Cummeragunja In 1933 at the age of 72 he moved to Melb. for living on the reserve he was ineligible for the old aged pension Set up the Australian Aboriginal League, helped organise the Day of Mourning

8 January 15, 2015 8 l to r): William Ferguson, Jack Kinchella, Isaac Ingram, Doris Williams, Esther Ingram, Arthur Williams Jr, Phillip Ingram, Louisa Agnes Ingram with daughter Olive Ingram, and Jack Patten 26 January 1938

9 January 15, 2015 9 Vincent Lingiari 1908- 21/1/1988

10 January 15, 2015 10 Born 1901 Botany Bay 1930 unemployed workers camp 1933 organised pea-pickers strike 1937 begins working with Fergusen and Patten 1938 involved in "Day of Mourning" protest 1956 founder Aboriginal- Australian Fellowship 1954 - 57 first and only female member of the NSW Aborigines Welfare Board 1983 dies in Dubbo Pearl Gibbs

11 January 15, 2015 11 Chicka Dixon 1928 – March 2010

12 January 15, 2015 12 1967

13 January 15, 2015 13 Billy Craigie Bertie Williams John Newfong Ambrose Golden-Brown

14 January 15, 2015 14

15 January 15, 2015 15 Bobby Sykes 16 August 1943 14 November 2010

16 Charles Kumantjayi Perkins 16 June 1936 – 19 October 2000 January 15, 2015 16

17 January 15, 2015 17 Larissa Behrendt

18 January 15, 2015 18 The Monthly - Who's Afraid of Marcia Langton?

19 Mr John Moriarty – modern entrepreneur January 15, 2015 19

20 Population approx 500,000 people Rural remote 90,000 Middle class160,000 On or below the poverty line250,000 (Helen Hughes ‘Lands of Shame’ 2007) Read : Tim Rouse Book review January 15, 2015 20

21 21 Table 1: Estimated Indigenous population, by state and territory, Australia, 30 June 2010 State or territory Indigenous population Proportion of Australian Indigenous population (%) Proportion of state or territory population (%) NSW165,19029.42.3 Vic36,7346.50.7 Qld160,51428.53.6 WA76,21813.53.4 SA30,3825.41.9 Tas20,0863.64.0 ACT4,7090.81.3 NT68,59912.230.5 Australia562,681100.02.6 Source: Derived from ABS, 2009 [1], ABS, 2010 [3][1][3] January 15, 2015

22 Ancient enterprise January 15, 2015 22

23 January 15, 2015 23

24 January 15, 2015 24 Aqua-culture industry 8,000 years old Labour mobilisation – housing - provision food clothing etc for workers Large scale harvest linked to production Smoking = value added product Containerisation - woven baskets Distribution network – thousands of miles 1/3 rd cont.

25 January 15, 2015 25 Indigenous Australian Leadership entrepreneurship - enterprise = 8,000 years of history Leadership & Enterprise participation is NOT un-Aboriginal

26 Can Indigenous entrepreneurs or Leaders be taught? … Or are they born? January 15, 2015 26

27 Do Indigenous we face different challenges to that experienced by settler society? January 15, 2015 27

28 The hurdles in the development of leadership & entrepreneurship are:- Racism Low human capital Low social capital Lack of financial capital Diminishing cultural capital & Neo-liberal government policies – New Managerialism January 15, 2015 28

29 The future is all about capacity building … … for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous January 15, 2015 29

30 So what works without reinventing the wheel? January 15, 2015 30

31 Community Leadership January 15, 2015 31

32 32 Johnny Japangardi Miller and Peggy Nampijinpa Brown Mt Theo Outstation

33 The Outstation focuses on young Warlpiri people started by Yuendumu Community in 1993 to address chronic petrol sniffing. The program has since broadened in nature and scope to provide a comprehensive program of youth development and leadership, diversion, respite, rehabilitation, and aftercare throughout the Warlpiri region the provision of cultural rehabilitation and strengthening of young people through the care of Warlpiri mentors and elders at the remote Outstation, 160km northwest of Yuendumu. Elders of the Yuendumu Community initiated the program, with additional support from local organisations January 15, 2015 33

34 What's out there in education: -Indigenous Leadership Program – govt run -Aboriginal Indigenous Leadership Development (AILC) – has great potential-certificate level -Cape York Institute – Leadership Academy WTS -Individual State Programs, political, come and go with funding - little outcome -Aurora Project UNSW – Native Title for CEO’s -Edith Cowan Uni and Australian Catholic Uni’s – real programs with outcomes in tertiary ed. - Batchelor College and Charles Darwin Uni WTS changing delivery and pedagogy looking at outcomes - Australian Centre for Indigenous Knowledge's and Education - pathways to build social, human, economic and identity capital. January 15, 2015 34

35 What's out there in entrepreneurship education:- Swinburne - Master Entrep. Master of Applied Innovation & Entrepreneurship Uni Adelaide (Online) Bach Bus (Entrep.) RMIT Bach Commerce Entrep – Curtin Murdoch undergrad major Entrep Innovation QUT And a sprinkling of majors around our TAFE’s and Uni’s January 15, 2015 35

36 January 15, 2015 36 Noel Pearson & Chris Sara Accountability Governance Transparency

37 Apart from the AILC there is nothing in Australia targeting minority entrepreneurship Leadership training, they are all mainstream …. … I looked overseas January 15, 2015 37

38 2009 United nations Economic Forum reported entrepreneurship has never been more important than it is today in this time of financial crises … innovation and entrepreneurship provide a way forward for solving the global challenges of the 21 st century … Entrepreneurship education can be a societal change agent, a great enabler … January 15, 2015 38

39 January 15, 2015 39 Financial literacy

40 result Steve Mariotti After earning his bachelors in business economics and M.B.A from the University of Michigan he moved to New York. In 198 mugged for $10 by a gang of teenagers, which lead him to work with youth in the New York Public School System in 1982. best known pioneering work in youth at-risk education - initially founded The South Bronx Entrepreneurial Education Program with limited success. in 1987 he founded the Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship, gives at-risk youth low- income backgrounds opportunities to receive entrepreneurial education while attending high school. January 15, 2015 40

41 NFTE Mission The Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship's mission is to provide programs that inspire young people from low-income communities to stay in school, to recognize business opportunities and to plan for successful futures. History Founded in New York City in 1987 by Steve Mariotti, a former entrepreneur turned high school math teacher in the South Bronx, NFTE began as a program to prevent dropouts and improve academic performance among students who were at risk of failing or quitting school. Combining his business background with his desire to teach at-risk students, Steve discovered that when young people from low-income communities are given the opportunity to learn about entrepreneurship, their innate "street smarts" can easily develop into "academic smarts" and "business smarts." Through entrepreneurship, young people discover that what they are learning in the classroom is relevant to the real world. To date, NFTE has worked with nearly 450,000 young people from low- income communities in programs across the U.S. and around the world. January 15, 2015 41

42 January 15, 2015 42

43 January 15, 2015 43

44 January 15, 2015 44 Ahikaa Vision Ahikaa programmes embody a fusion of the internationally acclaimed NFTE entrepreneurship education programmes with the entrepreneurial traditions of Polynesia and tikanga of New Zealand Maori Under the guardianship of Entrepreneurship New Zealand Trust, the Ahikaa vision includes:

45 January 15, 2015 45 Empowering families, whanau, hapu, iwi and communities to utilise and develop their resources Providing youth and families/whanau with understanding and tools to foster economic sustainability Enabling full participation in local economies Linking with international networks and gaining global opportunities Promoting rangatiratanga as the practical implementation of our individual and group potential

46 January 15, 2015 46 Philosophy We believe that within every person lies many talents; gifts that sometimes we need help to discover so that we can go on to achieve our potential Through entrepreneurship education, the NFTE curriculum and teaching philosophy helps people build skills and unlock their entrepreneurial creativity. Students’ learning experiences are supported by a comprehensive and internationally accredited curriculum, specialist teacher training, and support AHIKAA provides a range of learning materials, a hands-on practice-based curriculum, exciting entrepreneurial activities, and ongoing student/alumni and teacher development opportunities inside and outside the formal learning environment

47 January 15, 2015 47 NSW Indigenous Chamber of Commerce Deb Barwick

48 January 15, 2015 48 Neil Willmett The Indigenous Business Network South East Queensland

49 January 15, 2015 49 Pilbara Aboriginal Chamber Of Commerce Inc Pilbara Aboriginal Contractors Association Inc

50 January 15, 2015 50

51 Natalie Walker CEO, AIMSC January 15, 2015 51

52 AIMSC (pronounced am-see) is the Australian Indigenous Minority Supplier Council provides a direct business-2-business purchasing link between corporate Australia, government agencies and Indigenous-owned businesses Australian Indigenous Minority Supplier Council Suite 706, Level 7 50 Clarence Street Sydney NSW 2000 Tel: (02) 8239 9900 Fax: (02) 9279 2762 January 15, 2015 52

53 January 15, 2015 53

54 January 15, 2015 54 Why my interest?

55 We will never achieve self- determination Until we have financial independence! January 15, 2015 55

56 January 15, 2015 56

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