Presentation on theme: "2011 Annual National Assessment Basic Education Portfolio Committee 16 August 2011."— Presentation transcript:
2011 Annual National Assessment Basic Education Portfolio Committee 16 August 2011
PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introduction Purpose of ANA Limitations Learner performance results (verification and universal ANA) Trends in learner performance. Qualitative Analysis Next Steps Conclusion
Introduction ANA is an assessment tool supporting, Action Plan to 2014, Towards the Realisation of Schooling A key problem in the past has been the absence of a standardised measurement of the quality of teaching and learning below Grade 12 except in samples of schools and learners. ANA is a large-scale adaptation of the sample-based Systemic Evaluation programme, which was run in 2001, 2004 and 2007.
Introduction First Three Goals of Action Plan to 2014:- Increase the number of learners in Grade 3 who by the end of the year have mastered the minimum Language and Numeracy competencies for Grade 3. Increase the number of learners in Grade 6 who by the end of the year have mastered the minimum Language and Mathematics competencies for Grade 6 Increase number of learners in Grd 9 who, by end of year, have mastered the minimum Language and Maths competencies.
Introduction Baseline and targets are calculated as “percentage of learners achieving a specific level of performance” in each case. Baseline (2009)Target (2014) Grd. 3 Lit.4860 Grd. 3 Num4360 Grd. 6 Lang3760 Grd. 6 Math1960 Grd. 9Establish in
Introduction Envisaged that ANA will become a cornerstone of quality improvements in South African schools, providing important information on learning and its context. Experience in other countries have shown that it takes up to 5 years for a programme of this nature to build up sufficient credibility and to reach the required level of impact on school practices. The credibility is determined by: - The assessment instrument - The administration of the assessment - The marking and moderation of assessment - The analysis
Purpose of ANA To provide credible and reliable information for monitoring progress in learner performance towards achieving the national goals of “improving the quality of basic education”. Key expected effects:- Serve as a diagnostic tool identifying areas of strength and weakness in teaching and learning Expose teachers to better assessment practices. Provide districts with information to target schools in need of assistance. Encourage schools to celebrate outstanding performance. Empower parents by providing them information about the education of their children.
Limitations This was the first time an assessment was administered on this scale. Comparability with previous assessments, in particular the 2004 and 2007 Systemic Evaluation, is not perfect with respect to the tests as a whole. Problems with the formulation and translation of certain questions have been noted and underline the importance of strengthening the test design processes in future years. Although all teachers were expected to follow specific procedures in administering the tests, it would appear that in some instances procedures were not followed as strictly as they were supposed to be and that could have affected learner scores either way.
Limitations Marking may not have been consistent across schools. Systems for collecting the data from schools, capturing and cleaning, proved to be inadequate for the magnitude of this study and disparate where they existed, resulting in some data not being available on time for analysis.
Analysis of verification ANA results The data cover Grade 3 learners and Grade 6 learners in 827 and 840 schools respectively. Test scores converted to percentages are used in the analysis. Maximum possible mark per test GradeLearning AreaTotal Mark 3Literacy30 3Numeracy40 6Language50 6Mathematics75
Percentage of learners functioning at levels of performance Learners have been placed in specific levels of performance according to the percentage scores they obtained out of the total for each test. LevelDescriptionScore range Level 1: Not achieved:Score Less than 35% Level 2:Partially achieved:At least 35% but less than 50% Level 3:Achieved:At least 50% but less than 70% Level 4:Outstanding:At least 70%
Learner performance results (VA) Grade 3 mean score (%)Grade 6 mean score (%) LiteracyNumeracyLanguageMaths EC FS GP KZN LIM MPU NC NW WC NATIONAL
Gender comparisons in performance (% learners) Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4 Grade 3 Literacy Boy Girl Grade 3 Numeracy Boy Girl
Gender comparisons in performance (% learners) Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4 Grade 6 Language Boy Girl Grade 6 Mathematics Boy Girl
Marking Except for literacy in grade 3, there were no significant differences at national level between scores allocated by teachers and those allocated independently after remarking of scripts (VA). There were however, individual schools where teachers tended to either over- or under-mark learners’ work. This has important implications for strengthening teachers capacity in assessment.
Learner performance at specific levels The percentage of learners performing at specific levels: In all four of the ANA tests examined, over half of all learners in the country perform at a level that indicates that they have clearly not achieved the competencies specified in the curriculum. In Grade 6, the results indicate that around 70% of learners fall into this category. At the top end, very few learners are able to achieve outstanding results. For instance, only 3% of learners in Grade 6 mathematics can be considered outstanding.
Learner performance at specific levels Performance in Grade 3 literacy by level
Learner performance at specific levels Performance in Grade 3 numeracy by level
Learner performance at specific levels Performance in Grade 6 language by level
Learner performance at specific levels Performance in Grade 6 maths by level
Percent “Struggling” and “Promising” schools by quintile Grade & Subj. Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 5 SPSPSPSPSP 3 Lit Num Lang Math
Universal ANA Results Learners achieving acceptable performance (Levels 2, 3 & 4) in Literacy and Numeracy Grade TotalLiteracy/LanguageTotalNumeracy/Mathematics CapturedNumber%CapturedNumber% Total
Universal ANA Mean scores of learners in Literacy and Numeracy GradeLiteracy/LanguageNumeracy/Mathematics
Universal ANA Distribution of learners per achievement levels Grade % Distribution of learners per achievement levels for Literacy % Distribution of learners per achievement levels for Numeracy Level 1 (1 - 34%) Level 2 ( %) Level 3 ( %) Level 4 ( %) Level 1 (1 - 34%) Level 2 ( %) Level 3 ( %) Level 4 ( %) Total
Trends in ANA results Universal ANA (2011) Preliminary findings show that learners in Grade 1 to Grade 5 performed progressively less well in both Literacy and Numeracy from the foundation phase to the intermediate phase. Results for Grade 6 are marginally better than for Grade 5. Notably, results for Grades 1 and 2 in both Literacy and Numeracy are very promising. Factors contributing to relatively good results in Grades 1 and 2: Expansion of Grade R, introduction of standardised learning material for Grade R, introduction of Foundations for Learning, interventions to improve Literacy and Numeracy in the Foundation Phase, among others.
Trends in ANA results (cont’d) Universal ANA (2011) The lower performance in Grade 3 compared to Grade 2 may be attributed to the fact that the above interventions were not present to scale in time to have an impact on this Grade. The lower performance in Grade 4 compared to Grade 3 may be attributed largely to the challenge in the transition from mother-tongue instruction to the Language of Learning and Teaching that is introduced from Grade 4. This issue has been clearly identified and addressed in the Curriculum Revision process.
Trends in ANA results Verification ANA Overall mean learner performance in Literacy in Grade 6 is lower than in Grade 3. Grade 3 Numeracy:- - Learners’ mean performance in numeracy was lower compared to performance in Literacy. - More learners perform at Level 1 (not achieved) compared to performance in Literacy. Grade 3 Literacy:- - 53% of Grade 3 learners perform at Level 1 (not achieved) whilst 11% perform at Level 4.
Trends in ANA results Grade 6 Language : - 70% of Grade 6 learners perform at Level 1 (not achieved) - 3 percent of grade 6 learners perform at “outstanding” level. Grade 6 Mathematics : - Learners’ performance in Mathematics is similar to that of the Language. Generally, girls tended to perform better than boys in all grades. 28
Qualitative analysis Lack of generic skills:- Hand writing : Too many learners across the system have not yet developed the basic skill of writing properly and legibly. Difficult to establish if they know anything in the tested skills and knowledge and doubtful if they can make sense of what they have written Inability to read and follow written instructions : - Many learners provided responses that suggested that they could not read questions with understanding. Acute lack of basic word-treasure (vocabulary) to express oneself in writing, especially from grade 4 upwards.
Qualitative analysis The rate at which learning occurs is low. Learners in the higher grades (grades 4, 5 and 6) display learning deficiencies in basic literacy and numeracy skills.
Numeracy Inability to handle basic numeracy operations - subtraction, multiplication and division that involve whole numbers. Conceptions of fractions, e.g. comparing fractions according to size and arranging them from the smallest to the highest or vice versa. Misconceptions become more pronounced when learners have to operate mixed numbers, i.e. where there are whole numbers and fractions in the same operation, such as in subtracting “three-and-one- quarter” from “five-and-one-eighth”
Numeracy Inability to translate problems that are given in words and to write them in ways that enable them to solve the problem using mathematical techniques. For example, inability to calculate the amount of change a shopper receives from a specified amount tendered after paying for a number of items whose individual prices are given.
Literacy General lack in basic literacy skills including basic grammar, correct spelling of frequently used words, proper use of language forms (e.g. correct use of prepositions, plural forms, tense, words that mean opposites of given words, etc.). Lack of vocabulary, arising out of inadequate or infrequent practice in the important skill of “reading”? Poor comprehension skills, thus only simple questions that require them to extract information directly from given text or give short one-word answers are attempted. Unable to respond to questions that demand complex skills of inferential reading (“reading between the lines”),
Literacy Can’t respond to questions that ask: “ Why? ” (Reasoning); “ What do you think? ” (Inferential reading); “ State in your own words. ” etc. Inability to write own text from given prompts (e.g. given picture and asked to write what one thinks about what’s in the picture) or transform a given text into another form that requires basic comprehension.
Next Steps Learner performance is influenced, inter alia, by the following factors:- Availability of appropriate learning and teaching support materials Teacher competencies in relevant content areas Time on task by both learners and teachers Language of learning and teaching. General school functionality 35
Next Steps Foundations for Learning Campaign provides directives, support and materials to improve learner performance in reading, writing and numeracy in all schools. This year DBE distributed Foundations for Learning packs for use by teachers from Grade R to 3. The Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (CAPS) builds on the Foundations for Learning and provide more time for languages and mathematics (or literacy and numeracy). This will be supported with guided teacher development and appropriate readers and workbooks. 36
Next Steps Development of “banks” of good quality exemplars of assessment in each of literacy and numeracy. Reduction in the number of subjects in the Intermediate Phase (implementation will begin in Grades 4-6 in 2013.) This will address the big leap between the Foundation Phase (Grades 1-3) and the Intermediate Phase (Grades 4- 6). Learners jump from three subjects to eight From 2012, the language chosen by the learner as a Language of Learning and Teaching from Grade 4 shall be taught as a subject, from Grade 1, and not from Grade 3. This will address the switch in many schools from home language to English from Grade 4. 37
Next Steps DBE is working towards universal access to Grade R, by Between 2007 and 2010 there was an increase in the number of schools offering Grade R, from schools to and an increase in the number of learners in Grade R, from to Provision learner-friendly literacy and numeracy workbooks for every learner in grades 1-6. This year government has printed workbooks for 6 million learners. In 2012, workbooks will also be distributed to learners in Grades 7-9. Workbooks are available in the appropriate language of learning and teaching for every learner. 38
Next Steps Strengthening teacher development programmes. The focus is on more targeted, subject-specific teacher education and development that will improve teacher content knowledge. Strengthening the campaign to attract young people to the teaching profession by providing incentives to attract top students into the teaching profession (e.g. the Fundza- Lushaka Bursary Scheme). 39
Next Steps Improving accountability in the system which is anchored around the following four pillars:- Strengthening the culture of performance management. Simplifying and aligning the evaluation instruments that measure performance standards for educators; Strengthening monitoring and support for educators; Strengthening reporting at all levels. The National Education Evaluation and Development Unit (NEEDU) has been established. This Unit will help in evaluating the education system and identifying critical factors that inhibit or advance school improvement and make focused recommendations for redressing the problem areas that undermine school improvement. 40
Next Steps Principals and deputy principals will enter into performance contracts with clear performance targets. Performance will be measured in terms of the academic performance of the school and against the quality of management of the school. Support for schools, will be strengthened through the development of job descriptions for circuit managers and subject advisors and the development of performance agreements to be signed by these officials with clear targets and deliverables. DBE plans through the Accelerated Schools Infrastructure Development Initiative, to make all schools, rural and urban, to function optimally by
Next Steps Promoting education as a societal enterprise rather than an exclusive responsibility of DBE. The Quality of Learning and Teaching Campaign (QLTC) which provides a forum for all role-players, e.g. parents, teacher formations, learner formations, DBE, and others, is one initiative in this collective responsibility strategy. Ensuring that school management is led by competent staff who are continually supported by equally competent officials at district level so that schools are functional and provide a conducive environment for learning and teaching. 42
Conclusion The 2011 ANA will serve as the baseline which the DBE will use to measure future progress. All South Africans, parents, educators, the private sector, the children themselves are called to action, to work together in support of basic education and the future of South Africa’s children. 43