Presentation on theme: "The Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS OverviewThe Consultative Committee for Space Data SystemsAugust 2014Mike KearneyCCSDS Chair & General SecretaryNASA MSFC EO-01CCSDSAdvancing TechnologyWith International AgreementsTo Use That Technology
2 CCSDS Background (scope, participation, etc.) AgendaCCSDS Background (scope, participation, etc.)CCSDS Architecture, Organization, ProcessesAccess to CCSDS OnlineSummaryPlease confirm agenda reflects final changes to document
3 Simultaneously Developing The Essential MessageCCSDS: Advancing Technology With International Agreements To Use That TechnologySimultaneously DevelopingCAPABILITYand COOPERATIONFor Our Mutual Benefit
4 The Essential MessageThis work must be done before new programs begin.By they time new programs have firm requirements, their path is set, and they will not adopt new standards.They only adopt standards that are available at their program start.Right now, it is critically important to prepare for upcoming international missions that are not yet formulated.New missions have new communications needs;New technology is changing the game rapidly;Therefore, a responsive standardization program ismore important than ever.
5 CCSDS – Scope and Origins CCSDS = The Consultative Committee for Space Data SystemsCommunications and data systems standards.Since 1982 starting at the lower layers of the protocol stack.Now:Throughout the entire ISO communications stackPlus other Data Systems areas (architecture, archive, security, XML exchange formats, etc.End to end data/comm architecture for any mission
6 MYTH FACT MYTH FACT On CCSDS Standards When an innovative technology is rapidly brought to the standards community, it is vetted with a larger user base, facilitating widespread adoption of innovative technology.This reduces the risk of new technology with “more eyes on the problem.”Standards stifle innovationFACTCCSDS stimulates advanced technologyby adopting, adapting, developingand solidifying innovations withexposure to a wider communityThis spreads the cost of technology development over a larger user base.This enables joint missions, for cost sharing and increased capabilities.This improves operations,with familiar interfaces and more options for contingency recovery.MYTHStandards delay implementationFACTNot if the innovation is brought into thestandards process early. Delays resultfrom reluctance to standardize,not from standardization
7 CCSDS Overview - Participation CCSDS – An Agency-Led International CommitteeCurrently 11 Member agenciesCurrently 29 Observer AgenciesAgencies represent 27 nations (and 3 European orgs)Currently 118 Commercial Associates~ attendees at Spring/Fall meetingsAlso functions as an ISO SubcommitteeTC20/SC13 - Space Data & Info Transfer SystemsRepresents 20 nationsOBSERVERAGENCIESASA/AustriaBFSPO/BelgiumCAS/ChinaCAST/ChinaCLTC/ChinaCSIRO/AustraliaDCTA/BrazilDNSC/DenmarkEUMETSAT/EuropeEUTELSAT/EuropeGISTDA/ThailandHNSC/GreeceIKI/RussiaISRO/IndiaKARI/KoreaKFKI/HungaryMOC/IsraelNCST/USANICT/JapanNOAA/USANSARK/KazakhstanNSPO/TaiwanSANSA/South AfricaSSC/SwedenSSO/SwitzerlandSUPARCO/PakistanTsNIIMash/RussiaTUBITAK/TurkeyUSGS/USAMEMBERASI/ItalyCNES/FranceCNSA/ChinaCSA/CanadaDLR/GermanyESA/EuropeFSA/RussiaINPE/BrazilJAXA/JapanNASA/USAUKSA/UKe
8 Currently Active Publications: 135 Normative (Blue & Magenta): 85 CCSDS OverviewCurrently Active Publications: 135 Normative (Blue & Magenta): 85Informative (Green): 52Downloadable for free fromAll major pubs since 1982: ~285(Some were historical mission needsor superseded technology)Active PublicationsMissions718 space missions have adopted and used various CCSDS standards
9 CCSDS Overview End-to-End Architecture SecurityDelta-DORTimeline Data ExchangeXML Standards and GuidelinesSystems EngineeringSix Technical Areas,Twenty-Six TeamsWorking Group (producing standards)Birds-Of-a-Feather stage (pre-approval)Special Interest Group (integration forum)Typical Mission ProfileMISSION CONTROLCENTEREnd UsersApplications/ArchivesOne Organization’s AssetsAnother Organization’s AssetsOnboard Wireless WGApplication Supt Services (incl. Plug-n-Play)Spacecraft OnboardInterface ServicesRF & ModulationSpace Link Coding & Sync.Multi/Hyper Data Compress.Space Link ProtocolsNext Generation UplinkSpace Data Link SecurityOptical Coding and ModSpace LinkServicesCS Service ManagementCS Transfer ServicesCross Supt Service Arch.Cross SupportServicesMotion Imagery & AppsDelay Tolerant NetworkingVoiceCFDP over EncapCFDP RevisionsSpace InternetworkingServicesData Archive IngestionNavigationSpacecraft Monitor & ControlDigital Repository Audit/CertificationTeleroboticsMission Ops &Info Mgt Services
10 CCSDS Structure and Organization Systems EngineeringStakeholdersMissions / ProgramsLiaisonsInfrastructure providersCCSDSCCSDS SecretariatSpace Assigned Numbers AuthorityCCSDS Management Council (CMC)CCSDS Engineering Steering GroupWG’sSpacecraft OnboardInterface ServicesSpace LinkServicesCross SupportServicesSpace InternetworkingServicesMission Ops &Info Mgt Services
11 CCSDS Relationships with ISO Technical Committee 20 (ISO/TC20): Aircraft and Space VehiclesOtherTCsOtherSCs(Secretariat: AIAA)Subcommittee 14(ISO/TC20/SC14):Space Systemsand OperationsMissions / ProgramsTC20/SC13Heads of Delegation(CCSDS CMC)Subcommittee 13(ISO/TC20/SC13):Space Data andInformation TransferSystems(Secretariat: NASA)CCSDSCCSDS SecretariatSpace Assigned Numbers AuthorityCCSDS Management Council (CMC)ISOCCSDS Management Council (CMC)CCSDS Engineering Steering GroupCCSDS Engineering Steering GroupDesignEngineering& ProductionInterfaces,Integration& TestEnvironment(natural &induced)Materials andProcessesOperations &Ground SupportProgramManagementSpaceDebrisSystems EngineeringSpace LinkServicesSpace InternetworkingServicesWG’sSpacecraft OnboardInterface ServicesCross SupportServicesMission Ops &Info Mgt ServicesCCSDS
12 The CCSDS Plan for the Future Space Internetworking CCSDS Strategic PlanThe CCSDS Plan for the FutureTowards Cross-cutting functions and coherent architecture-wide integrationTowards standardized Onboard Interfaces and ServicesTowards Standardized Mission Operations Services and complete Navigation Message StandardizationTowards an extensible Space Communications Cross Support Service Management and Transfer Services(Cross Support of Communications Assets)Towards an unified Space Data Link Protocol, optical links, new sync and channel coding schemes and compressionTowards standardized Space System Internetworking Services and the Solar System Internet (SSI)Systems EngineeringSpace LinkServicesSpace InternetworkingServicesSpacecraft OnboardInterface ServicesCross SupportServicesMission Ops &Info Mgt Services
13 Future Mission Drivers PASTPRESENTDRIVERS FOR THEFUTUREIn Situ ExplorationHuman ExpeditionsLong Duration, High ReliabilityMobile comm protocolsVoice, Video, Medical handlingOnboard AutonomyHighly integrated opsInternational Space StationAdv. Orbital Sys (AOS)Early DTN PrototypingShuttle/SpaceLabCCSDS packetsAsteroid/Surface ExplorationAutonomy, High bandwidthMulti-Agency Mission OpsComplex Deep Space MissionsHuman or robotic explorationLonger DurationMobile comm protocolsFully automated routingNetwork-Managed DTNOptical CommunicationsComplex human or roboticScenarios for remote surface missionsFully automated Space InternetworkingBrief Recon Flyby,Short-Lived ProbesDirect-to-Earth linksMissions designed for orbital relays, Longer durationOrbital Remote SensingLong Duration, high bandwidthHigh Spatial, Spectral, & Temporal ResolutionLow Latency CommComplex link topologiesSensorWebs for synchronized remote sensingSingle-Spacecraft Survey/SensorsSpacecraft Constellationsand formation flyingMulti-Discipline andMulti-Resource SensorWebsNext Generation ObservatoriesMore CapabilityMultiple Spacecraft drive network needsEven Greater Capacities require new coding schemesLocated Even Farther from EarthSingle-Spacecraft Observatories in LEOGreater DistancesHigher bandwidthNext GenerationObservatory Complexes
14 IOP CCSDS Overview Organizational Interrelationships SISG OLSG & Other IOAG provides to CCSDS the IOAG priorities and guidance for future communications/operations plansIOPCCSDS Participants bring in other agencies/industry inputs, mission needs and technology drivers.ISECG, SFCG, ICG and other peer groupsClose Coordination for Discipline TopicsCCSDS participant inputs bring in needs of individual organizationsTechnologyDriversSISGOLSG& Othersub-groupsCCSDS MEMBER AGENCIES (11) direct inputsOBSERVER AGENCIES (28) direct inputsMISSIONS AND PROGRAMS with direct funding
15 Some Organizational Interrelationships OMG: Object Management GroupIndustry standards for exchange of application information among vendor productsCCSDS/OMG have some common standards and periodic joint meetingsIETF: Internet Engineering Task ForceIRTF: Internet Research Task ForceOpen international standards for IP suite and DTNCCSDS uses such industry standards as a basis, whenever possibleECSS: European Consortium for Space Standards - European regional standards for space mission supportCCSDS/ECSS coordinate on compatible standardsAIAA: American Institute of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNorth American regional standards for space mission supportRegional Standards coordination, and AIAA provides Secretariat support for CCSDS, ISO TC20/SC13 and SC14
16 Online Resources www.CCSDS.org CWE.CCSDS.org Public Website Overview info (About tab)Access to published standards (Publications tab)Comment on documents in reviewMeeting info & logisticsCommercial implementationsMissions that have adopted CCSDSNew Work Items AnnouncementsGeneral Announcements (Blog)Development environment for developing new standardsAccess to Areas’ and WGs’ materials(some private areas require ID/PW)Contact info for ADs and WG leadsAccess to schedule/status of current standards development projectsCollaborative Work Environment
17 CCSDS Summary Take-home message: Still much work to be done Enabling interoperability between international agencies for future missions – both Earth-Orbital and ExplorationLong-range vision – automated routing and delay tolerant networking for deep space crosslinks between spacecraft and surface systemsNear-term need – evolutionary approach to sustain cross-support agreements with other agencies.Organizations with a stake in the future of Space Missions and the expertise to contribute to CCSDS should become engaged.
19 Access to CCSDS General Announcements New Work Item AnnouncementsFind out about new initiatives and technology developments that you can contribute to, and you missions can benefit from.The CCSDS BlogGeneral events, meetings, new publications, etc.Under Construction: The CCSDS WIKISoon to come
20 Access to CCSDS Technical WG info: www.ccsds.org > CWE
21 Access to CCSDS Publications www.ccsds.org > Publications
22 Field Guide to CCSDS Book Colors BLUE BOOKSRecommended StandardsNormative and sufficiently detailed (and pre-tested) so they can be used to directly and independently implement interoperable systems (given that options are specified).MAGENTA BOOKSRecommended PracticesNormative, but at a level that is not directly implementable for interoperability. These are Reference Architectures, APIs, operational practices, etc.GREEN BOOKSInformative DocumentsNot normative. These may be foundational for Blue/Magenta books, describing their applicability, overall archtecture, ops concept, etc.RED BOOKSDraft Standards/PracticesDrafts of future Blue/Magenta books that are in agency review. Use caution with these… they can change before release.ORANGE BOOKSExperimentalNormative, but may be very new technology that does not yet have consensus of enough agencies to standardize.YELLOW BOOKSAdministrativeCCSDS Procedures, Proceedings, Test reports, etc.SILVER BOOKSHistoricalDeprecated and retired documents that are kept available to support existing or legacy implementations. Implication is that other agencies may not cross-support.PINK BOOKS/SHEETSDraft Revisions For ReviewDraft Revisions to Blue or Magenta books that are circulated for agency review.Pink Books are reissues of the full book, Pink Sheets are change pages only.