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Introduction to Bamidbar. The Last Pesukim of Shemot לד וַיְכַס הֶעָנָן אֶת-אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת-הַמִּשְׁכָּן. לה וְלֹא-יָכֹל מֹשֶׁה.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Bamidbar. The Last Pesukim of Shemot לד וַיְכַס הֶעָנָן אֶת-אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת-הַמִּשְׁכָּן. לה וְלֹא-יָכֹל מֹשֶׁה."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Bamidbar

2 The Last Pesukim of Shemot לד וַיְכַס הֶעָנָן אֶת-אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת-הַמִּשְׁכָּן. לה וְלֹא-יָכֹל מֹשֶׁה לָבוֹא אֶל-אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד כִּי-שָׁכַן עָלָיו הֶעָנָן וּכְבוֹד יְהוָה מָלֵא אֶת-הַמִּשְׁכָּן. לו וּבְהֵעָלוֹת הֶעָנָן מֵעַל הַמִּשְׁכָּן יִסְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכֹל מַסְעֵיהֶם. לז וְאִם-לֹא יֵעָלֶה הֶעָנָן וְלֹא יִסְעוּ עַד- יוֹם הֵעָלֹתוֹ. לח כִּי עֲנַן יְהוָה עַל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן יוֹמָם וְאֵשׁ תִּהְיֶה לַיְלָה בּוֹ לְעֵינֵי כָל-בֵּית-יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל-מַסְעֵיהֶם.

3 Vayikra Book of Laws Preparation and expected behaviour now G-d is dwelling amongst us Bamidbar Mostly stories Should be from Har Sinai to Eretz Yisrael but we don’t make it. We have to learn from our mistakes. Devarim Belongs on Har SInai Shemot

4 What ties the stories together in Bamidbar? Are there any laws in Bamidbar? Make an outline of Sefer Bamidbar…

5 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' Takes us back to שמות מ: לו וּבְהֵעָלוֹת הֶעָנָן מֵעַל הַמִּשְׁכָּן יִסְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכֹל מַסְעֵיהֶם. לז וְאִם-לֹא יֵעָלֶה הֶעָנָן וְלֹא יִסְעוּ עַד-יוֹם הֵעָלֹתוֹ. לח כִּי עֲנַן יְהוָה עַל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן יוֹמָם וְאֵשׁ תִּהְיֶה לַיְלָה בּוֹ לְעֵינֵי כָל-בֵּית-יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל- מַסְעֵיהֶם. Takes us back to שמות מ: לו וּבְהֵעָלוֹת הֶעָנָן מֵעַל הַמִּשְׁכָּן יִסְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכֹל מַסְעֵיהֶם. לז וְאִם-לֹא יֵעָלֶה הֶעָנָן וְלֹא יִסְעוּ עַד-יוֹם הֵעָלֹתוֹ. לח כִּי עֲנַן יְהוָה עַל-הַמִּשְׁכָּן יוֹמָם וְאֵשׁ תִּהְיֶה לַיְלָה בּוֹ לְעֵינֵי כָל-בֵּית-יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל- מַסְעֵיהֶם.

6 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" Travel begins on 20 th Iyar. At Har Sinai for just less than a year. Travel begins on 20 th Iyar. At Har Sinai for just less than a year.

7 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit במדבר טו ב דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם כִּי תָבֹאוּ אֶל-אֶרֶץ מוֹשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן לָכֶם. These laws are presented separately, not in Vayikra, because they only apply in Eretz Yisrael. Can’t get wine or flour in the desert. Give challa to the kohen because he doesn’t have his own land. במדבר טו ב דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם כִּי תָבֹאוּ אֶל-אֶרֶץ מוֹשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן לָכֶם. These laws are presented separately, not in Vayikra, because they only apply in Eretz Yisrael. Can’t get wine or flour in the desert. Give challa to the kohen because he doesn’t have his own land.

8 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit Korach's rebellion 18 Compensation for Shevet Levi 19 “Para aduma” / "tumat meyt" 20 Mei Meriva - Moshe & Aharon's sin 40 th year Instead of the story of the generation dying, we have the laws of para aduma – purification from tumat met.

9 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit Korach's rebellion 18 Compensation for Shevet Levi 19 ‘Para aduma' / "tumat meyt" 20 Mei Meriva - Moshe & Aharon's sin 21 War with Arad; sin of "nachash nchoshet“; war with Sichon Bilam & Balak 25 Sin with 'bnot Moav'; Pinchas 26 Census, who will inherit the land 27 Daughters of Tzlofchad request 'nachala'; Moshe is told to die, Yehoshua appointed Tmidim u'Musafim (holidays) 30 Annulling vows 31 War against Midyan 32 Inheritance taken by Reuven, Gad & Menashe; their promise to fight 33 Summary - Travel through the desert 34 Borders of Eretz Canaan (to conquer) 35 Cities of Levites & Cities of Refuge 36 Bnot Tzlofchad – protecting inheritance On-going narrative and Laws

10 Bamidbar is primarily a book of stories but the stories are consistently interrupted with laws we would expect to be in Vayikra. The story we don’t have is leaving Har Sinai and entering Eretz Yisrael.

11 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" Travel begins on 20 th Iyar. Shemot finishes on Rosh Chodesh Nissan. Why didn’t they start travelling immediately after receiving the 2 nd luchot? Travel begins on 20 th Iyar. Shemot finishes on Rosh Chodesh Nissan. Why didn’t they start travelling immediately after receiving the 2 nd luchot? 12 day kiddush provided by each nasi takes us to 14 th Nissan If it’s 14 th Nissan then they had to celebrate Pesach. They waited for Pesach Sheni and then travelled. Pesach Sheni is therefore part of the story section. If it’s 14 th Nissan then they had to celebrate Pesach. They waited for Pesach Sheni and then travelled. Pesach Sheni is therefore part of the story section.

12 Chapter 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit Korach's rebellion 18 Compensation for Shevet Levi 19 ‘Para aduma' / "tumat meyt" 20 Mei Meriva - Moshe & Aharon's sin 21 War with Arad; sin of "nachash nchoshet“; war with Sichon Bilam & Balak 25 Sin with 'bnot Moav'; Pinchas 26 Census, who will inherit the land 27 Daughters of Tzlofchad request 'nachala'; Moshe is told to die, Yehoshua appointed Tmidim u'Musafim (holidays) 30 Annulling vows 31 War against Midyan 32 Inheritance taken by Reuven, Gad & Menashe; their promise to fight 33 Summary - Travel through the desert 34 Borders of Eretz Canaan (to conquer) 35 Cities of Levites & Cities of Refuge 36 Bnot Tzlofchad – protecting inheritance הכנה לנסיעה

13 Immediately after all of this, they start travelling and then the trouble starts. They should be travelling to Israel but instead we find the story of how they don’t make it and the entire generation dies.

14 PREPARING TO LEAVE HAR SINAI 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" FAILURE OF FIRST GENERATION 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit Korach's rebellion 18 Compensation for Shevet Levi 19 ‘Para aduma' / "tumat meyt" 20 Mei Meriva - Moshe & Aharon's sin 21 War with Arad; sin of "nachash nchoshet“; war with Sichon Bilam & Balak 25 Sin with 'bnot Moav'; Pinchas

15 PREPARING TO LEAVE HAR SINAI 1->4 Organizing the camp, army etc. 5 “Asham" and “sotah" 6 “Nazir" & birkat kohanim 7 Nsiim, dedication of Mishkan 8 Leviim replace bchorim 9 Pesach in the desert; travelling following the 'anan' 10 “Chatzotzrot" for travel signals; "va'yhi b'nsoa" FAILURE OF FIRST GENERATION 11 Sin of the "mitavim"; 70 elders 12 Sin of Miriam Sin of the spies; & the "maapilim" 15 Korbanot, taking challa, Sanhedrin, shabbat & tzizit Korach's rebellion 18 Compensation for Shevet Levi 19 ‘Para aduma' / "tumat meyt" 20 Mei Meriva - Moshe & Aharon's sin 21 War with Arad; sin of "nachash nchoshet“; war with Sichon Bilam & Balak 25Sin with 'bnot Moav'; Pinchas PREPARING TO ENTER CANAAN 26 Census, who will inherit the land 27 Daughters of Tzlofchad request 'nachala'; Moshe is told to die, Yehoshua appointed Tmidim u'Musafim (holidays) 30 Annulling vows 31 War against Midyan 32 Inheritance taken by Reuven, Gad & Menashe; their promise to fight 33 Summary - Travel through the desert 34 Borders of Eretz Canaan (to conquer) 35 Cities of Levites & Cities of Refuge 36 Bnot Tzlofchad – protecting inheritance


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