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The Uninsured in Virginia: An Update Genevieve M. Kenney The Urban

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Presentation on theme: "The Uninsured in Virginia: An Update Genevieve M. Kenney The Urban"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Uninsured in Virginia: An Update Genevieve M. Kenney The Urban

2 Source Material Huntress M, GM Kenney, and N Anderson. “Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured, 2012.” The Urban Institute. –Huntress M and GM Kenney. “Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured, 2011.” The Urban Institute, October VHCF-with-tables-and-maps-FINAL pdfhttp://www.vhcf.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Uninsurance-in-Virginia-for- VHCF-with-tables-and-maps-FINAL pdf –Macri J, V Lynch, and GM Kenney. “Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured, 2010.” The Urban Institute, March Uninsured-Final.pdfhttp://www.vhcf.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/VHCF-Profile-of-the- Uninsured-Final.pdf Buettgens M, GM Kenney, and H Recht. “Eligibility for Assistance and Projected Changes in Coverage Under the ACA: Variation Across States: May 2014 Update.” The Urban Institute, May Eligibility-for-Assistance-and-Projected-Changes-in-Coverage-Under-the-ACA- Variation-Across-States.pdfhttp://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/ Eligibility-for-Assistance-and-Projected-Changes-in-Coverage-Under-the-ACA- Variation-Across-States.pdf Blumberg LJ, J Holahan, GM Kenney, M Buettgens, N Anderson, H Recht, and S Zuckerman. “Measuring Marketplace Enrollment Relative to Enrollment Projections: Update.” The Urban Institute, May Measuring-Marketplace-Enrollment-Relative-to-Enrollment-Projections-Update.pdfhttp://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/ Measuring-Marketplace-Enrollment-Relative-to-Enrollment-Projections-Update.pdf

3 Main Takeaways Number of Uninsured in VA is about one million Uninsured rates in VA are typically lower than in the nation as a whole, but difference narrowed between Most Uninsured Virginians are adults Just under half are white, non-Hispanic (47.1%) The majority are in working families Uninsured rates are higher in Southern and Western parts of the state

4 Main Takeaways (2) Uninsured adults in VA are much more likely than insured adults to have unmet needs and less likely to receive preventive services, even when controlling for observed differences between the two groups An estimated 362,000 uninsured adults could qualify for coverage under the Medicaid expansion –Could further lower uninsured rate in VA by 5.2 percentage points

5 Almost 1 million Virginians lack health insurance coverage, 89 percent of whom are adults Total Nonelderly 995,000 uninsured nonelderly Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Nonelderly Uninsured 886,000 uninsured nonelderly adults

6 Adults are 3.2 times more likely to be uninsured than children in Virginia Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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10 Uninsurance among the nonelderly was lower in VA than the United States a whole, during Note: Asterisks indicate the 2011 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Hash tags indicate the 2008 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

11 Uninsurance in Virginia increased among adults and decreased among children between 2008 and 2012 but remained steady between 2011 and 2012 Note: Asterisks indicate the 2011 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Hash tags indicate the 2008 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Adults Total Nonelderly Children

12 Over forty percent of all uninsured Virginians live below the poverty level Notes: Family poverty level estimates are based on health insurance unit gross income and use the 2012 Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs) defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

13 Over two-thirds of Virginians who are uninsured live in families with income at or below 200 percent of the FPL Individuals at or below 200% Federal Poverty Level Notes: Family poverty level estimates are based on health insurance unit gross income and use the 2012 Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs) defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

14 Virginians living below poverty are over 11 times more likely to be uninsured as Virginians living at or above 401 percent of FPL Total Nonelderly Notes: Family poverty level estimates are based on health insurance unit gross income and use the 2012 Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs) defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

15 Over 70 percent of uninsured Virginians live in families with at least one full or part-time worker Share of Nonelderly Uninsured Notes: Family work status is based on the work status of the head or spouse of the health insurance unit. Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

16 Full-time workers and their families make up 48.6 percent of the uninsured in Virginia and are distributed over all income levels Notes: Family poverty level estimates are based on health insurance unit gross income and use the 2012 Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs) defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Family work status is based on the highest level of employment among the adults in the health insurance unit. Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. $23,492 for a family of four $32,419 for a family of four $46,984 for a family of four $70,476 for a family of four $93,968 for a family of four

17 Just under half of the uninsured in Virginia are white, non-Hispanic Share of Nonelderly Uninsured Notes: Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

18 Nearly four-fifths of the uninsured in Virginia are U.S. citizens Share of Nonelderly Uninsured Notes: Estimates may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

19 Uninsurance declined for young adults (19-26) in Virginia between both 2008 and 2012, and 2011 and 2012 Note: Asterisks indicate the 2011 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Hash tags indicate the 2008 uninsured rate is statistically different from 2012 at the.10 level. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS). The estimates reflect Urban Institute adjustments for potential misreporting of coverage, based on a simulation model developed by Victoria Lynch under a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. * #

20 Note: Adults are age Measures refer to access or utilization over the past 12 months. Estimates marked with * indicate the difference between the insured and uninsured estimates is significant at the.01 percent level. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

21 Note: Adults are age Measures refer to access or utilization over the past 12 months. Estimates marked with * indicate the difference between the insured and uninsured estimates is significant at the.01 percent level. Adjusted differences use a linear model controlling for age, sex, race, and health status. Source: Urban Institute, April Based on the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

22 Medicaid Expansion Under the ACA 240,000 uninsured Virginians below 100% of FPL would become eligible for public coverage should Virginia expand Medicaid –46.5% of these are between the ages of An additional 122,000 uninsured have incomes below 138% of FPL and would also become eligible for public coverage should Virginia expand Medicaid In all, about 362,000 uninsured Virginians are affected by the Medicaid expansion decision

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24 Blumberg LJ, J Holahan, GM Kenney, M Buettgens, N Anderson, H Recht, and S Zuckerman. “Measuring Marketplace Enrollment Relative to Enrollment Projections: Update.” The Urban Institute, May Enrollment-Relative-to-Enrollment-Projections-Update.pdf

25 “Medicaid & CHIP: April 2014 Monthly Applications, Eligibility Determinations, and Enrollment Report” Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 4 June 2014, -Report.pdf


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