Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Plan de Formación (40h) Brussels, 16 September 2013 OPTIMISM - Optimising Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Plan de Formación (40h) Brussels, 16 September 2013 OPTIMISM - Optimising Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plan de Formación (40h) Brussels, 16 September 2013 OPTIMISM - Optimising Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility Moving towards the livable city of the future Francesc Robusté CENIT - BarcelonaTech

2 2 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Sustainable, safe and efficient urban mobility (“intelligent”? If it’s cost/efficient) Seamless door-to-door mobility “City” is a generic concept Mayors will likely welcome EU policy on pricing and regulation Promote and disseminate/share best cases Common mobility principles for European cities World map where distance = $cost Economic corridors: distortion of physical territory Economic territory

3 3 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Democratization of the street Human / convivial cities Diversity Integration Systems approach Technology (when is useful) Wifi = one more utility Still basic constraints: water, energy, emissions, health, safety and security, etc. European cities as a social project of integration Integration: a social project Ildefons Cerdà “Network Urbanism” Old conceptsNew concepts FunctionalismSustainability Diffuse city (urban sprawl)Compact city Specialization of land usesMultifunctional city Direct costs of operationEcological accounting Pendulous mobility (commuting)Cloud-shaped mobility Required (household-based) mobilityDaily mobility Transport policyMobility policy and right to accessibility Long distanceProximity Longitudinal use of the streetCross-street use Mutation in urban mobility Infrastructures  services Objects  processes Static  dynamic Recurrence (commuter, HBM)  singularity Event  common “The city of the future…” is the Mediterranean city!

4 4 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 What’s the future of urban mobility? What will probably be NOT the future…. Europe, quo vadis?

5 5 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 European cities for the people WALK TRANSIT CAR Livable, convivial and efficient cities Collective taxicabs and microbuses Carsharing and shared vehicles Unmanned vehicles

6 6 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 ICT is strategic for Europe, but just operational in mobility We move atoms with energy, electrons and photons Bangemann Report “Europe and the global information society” (Corfu, 1994) % system imple- menta- tion Time Strategic Operational Tactical ITS, smart cities… but do we have brains? time Telematics in all TERN in 2000 and in 30 metropolitan areas ”The end of distance”. 10 million teleworks in 2000 = ? = ?

7 7 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Oops! Forgot the stakeholders’ behavior! Administration, operators, users, citizens HOV N-VI Madrid Behavioral, economic and operational issues

8 8 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Re-engineering and systems approach No epic/bold changes? Re-engineering is radikal! Innovation is doing things “right” Intelligence ITS = R+D+i, multidisciplinary cross-fertilization Known concepts (functional laws, Economy principles) with “new chemistry” (reactives + catalyzers) & boosted with ICT and intelligence Towards a functional & multi-stakeholder approach to urban mobility Re-enginering urban mobility

9 9 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Mode promiscuity and convergence (1) pedestrian bicycle car motorcycle taxi bus LRT metro commuter rail Eco- mobility PV Transit Rail shared / public “ BiCiNg” carsharing BRT HOV   The extreme converge Barcelona, 2008 São Paulo, 2007 LGBT city

10 10 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Personalization vs “coolness” Montpellier Lyon Dublin Paris Can mobility define us? Barcelona “Cool!” danger: TOTO: human biogas

11 11 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Mode promiscuity and convergence (2)

12 12 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Mode promiscuity and convergence (3)

13 13 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Economic principles (1) Bus Tramway Metro PV Demand AC Demand AC MC TC AC PT AC PC €/q(PT) €/q(PC) q(PC)q(PT) D to CBD Land price Tr. cost Business Poor Rich

14 14 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Economic principles (2) Arthur C. Pigou (1912) Social equilibrium flow Current equilibrium Flow (veh/h) Marginal income (demand) Marginal (social) cost Average cost (users) Tax Effect Unit cost (€/km) William S. Vickrey (1969) Nobel Prize Economics 1996 Principles of Efficient Congestion Pricing

15 15 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Economic principles (3) Singapur (1975)London (2003)Stockholm (2006) Milano (2008) Carlos F. Daganzo (1995) 0 Restrictions Pricing 1 Mix Bogotá (1998)

16 16 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Public transport interchanges and “city hubs” Parking regulation and pricing Road pricing Traffic restricted areas Boosting bicycles and walking More quality in public transport Flexible supply to fit demand Logistic platforms for loading and unloading Tele-working Carsharing centers Etc. Recipes for Sustainable Urban Mobility… … and “real” planning as opposed to “false” planning:

17 17 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Concentration Density Self-restraint Anisotropy Functional design Flows and urban services Networks City planning and economic territory Pedestrian “islands”: they “work” when the economic flow is maintained (exchange of car flow by people flow to maintain the money flow) Integration vs seggregation The city as a “large building” converges towards “zoning”.... Ildefons Cerdà´s Eixample in Barcelona = social integration project City planning

18 18 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Eco-mobility

19 19 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Netbus : Reinvention and promotion of efficient bus services, competitive with tramways, cars and even metro Strategic vs. operational decisions Flexibility of buses vs. rigidity of railways Energy: hybrid, gas, KAIST, etc. NB Public Transport - Transit NB B b T M R t

20 20 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 Managed lanes Traffic congestion regulation Congestion pricing Emissions (CO 2, PM, NOx) Urban safety “Cities can regulate congestion with traffic lights of the XXI century” “Ring roads and roundabouts can reach gridlock state independently of the flow” “A Pareto optimal policy is a mix of charging and rationing” Value pricing (Pigou, Vickrey) Speed has a price (economic, social, environmental) Traffic

21 21 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 European Parliament: Future?

22 22 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 What will likely be In and Out in European cities (2050 scenario) IN −Pedestrians −Bicycles, eBicycles, eBikes −Buses, netbus, proximity bus −eCars, eFreight distribution −Carpool and shared vehicles −Managed lanes, VVI, IVI, unmanned driving −Pricing and fare integration −Planning, land price, legislation, governance… −Elderly, handicapped & MRP −Urban safety OUT −Segways −Kickbicycles, tricycles −Motorcycles with 3 wheels −Lean cars −PRT, AGT, monorails −Tramways (electric BRTs) −Trolley buses −Paratransit with buses −AMW moving walkways −Freight in tramways/ metros −Speed “In” and “Outs” for the future

23 23 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 “Barcelona model” of mobility:  Safety  Sustainability  Social equity  Efficiency  Agreement (deal) and social consensus  Metropolitan perspective Conclusions (1)

24 24 Francesc Robusté – CENIT – UPC Brussels, 16 September 2013 “Package of soft management measures” in urban transportation (enhanced by ITS) as opposed to hard physical infrastructures of “technology driven innovations” Service management (TSM) and shared vehicles and infrastructures Re-engineering of current mobility services (netbus, MFD, etc.) Focus on the people and stakeholders behavior: the livable and convivial city (social “deal” and consensus) Promiscuity and convergence of urban mobility modes Emissions and energy issues will improve but urban safety and congestion will remain Major concerns and constraints remain about water, energy and climate change Need “functional” laws and governance in mobility European policy and guidelines regardless of subsidiarity Conclusions (2)

25 Plan de Formación (40h) Brussels, 16 September 2013 OPTIMISM - Optimising Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility Francesc Robusté Moving towards the livable city of the future Director of CENIT (Center for Innovation in Transport, Barcelona) and Professor of Transportation at BarcelonaTech. President of the Spanish Transportation Engineering Association. Expert of World Bank, UN-Habitat, OECD-JTRC, etc. Has SCI publications in Transportation Science, Transportation Research A, B, C, and E, Transportmetrica, IEEE Transactions on ITS, Journal of Tr. Eng., Tr. Res. Record, etc.


Download ppt "Plan de Formación (40h) Brussels, 16 September 2013 OPTIMISM - Optimising Passenger Transport Information to Materialize Insights for Sustainable Mobility."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google