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02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring 2014 -- Lecture 16-171 PHY 712 Electrodynamics 9-9:50 & 10-10:50 AM Olin 107 Plan for Lecture 16-17: Read Chapter 7 1.Plane polarized.

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Presentation on theme: "02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring 2014 -- Lecture 16-171 PHY 712 Electrodynamics 9-9:50 & 10-10:50 AM Olin 107 Plan for Lecture 16-17: Read Chapter 7 1.Plane polarized."— Presentation transcript:

1 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture PHY 712 Electrodynamics 9-9:50 & 10-10:50 AM Olin 107 Plan for Lecture 16-17: Read Chapter 7 1.Plane polarized electromagnetic waves 2.Reflectance and transmittance of electromagnetic waves – extension to anisotropy and complexity 3.Frequency dependence of dielectric materials; Drude model 4.Kramers-Kronig relationships

2 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture

3 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture

4 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis of Maxwell’s equations without sources -- continued:

5 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis of Maxwell’s equations without sources -- continued: Both E and B fields are solutions to a wave equation:

6 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis of Maxwell’s equations without sources -- continued: Note: , n, k can all be complex; for the moment we will assume that they are all real (no dissipation).

7 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis of Maxwell’s equations without sources -- continued: E0E0 B0B0 k

8 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction of plane electromagnetic waves at a plane interface between dielectrics (assumed to be lossless)  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

9 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

10 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

11 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

12 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

13 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR  s-polarization – E field “polarized” perpendicular to plane of incidence

14 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR  p-polarization – E field “polarized” parallel to plane of incidence

15 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Reflection and refraction -- continued  ’  ’  k’ kiki kRkR iR 

16 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture For s-polarization For p-polarization

17 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Special case: normal incidence (i=0,  =0)

18 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Multilayer dielectrics (Problem #7.2) n1n1 n2n2 n3n3 kiki kRkR ktkt kbkb kaka d

19 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Extension of analysis to anisotropic media --

20 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Consider the problem of determining the reflectance from an anisotropic medium with isotropic permeability   and anisotropic permittivity    where: By assumption, the wave vector in the medium is confined to the x-y plane and will be denoted by The electric field inside the medium is given by:

21 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Inside the anisotropic medium, Maxwell’s equations are: After some algebra, the equation for E is: From E, H can be determined from

22 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture The fields for the incident and reflected waves are the same as for the isotropic case. Note that, consistent with Snell’s law: Continuity conditions at the y=0 plane must be applied for the following fields: There will be two different solutions, depending of the polarization of the incident field.

23 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Solution for s-polarization

24 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Solution for p-polarization

25 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Extension of analysis to complex dielectric functions

26 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Paul Karl Ludwig Drude

27 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model: Vibrations of charged particles near equilibrium: rr

28 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model: Vibration of particle of charge q and mass m near equilibrium: rr Note that:   > 0 represents dissipation of energy.   0 represents the natural frequency of the vibration;  0 =0 would represent a free (unbound) particle

29 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model: Vibration of particle of charge q and mass m near equilibrium: rr

30 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model: Vibration of particle of charge q and mass m near equilibrium: rr

31 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model: Vibration of particle of charge q and mass m near equilibrium: rr

32 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model dielectric function:

33 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model dielectric function:

34 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model dielectric function – some analytic properties:

35 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Drude model dielectric function – some analytic properties:

36 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analytic properties of the dielectric function (in the Drude model or from “first principles” -- Kramers-Kronig transform Re(z) Im(z) 

37 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Kramers-Kronig transform -- continued Re(z) Im(z)  =0

38 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Kramers-Kronig transform -- continued

39 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Kramers-Kronig transform -- continued

40 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture a u s b u

41 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture

42 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis for Drude model dielectric function:

43 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Analysis for Drude model dielectric function – continued -- Analytic properties:

44 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Kramers-Kronig transform – for dielectric function:

45 02/21/2014PHY 712 Spring Lecture Further comments on analytic behavior of dielectric function


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