Presentation on theme: "PHYSICAL READINESS OF DRIVING. WWHAT IS FATIGUE? IIS THE WEARINESS RESULTING FROM TOO MUCH PHYSICAL OR MENTAL EXERATION. FFATIGUE IS DANGEROUS IF."— Presentation transcript:
PHYSICAL READINESS OF DRIVING
WWHAT IS FATIGUE? IIS THE WEARINESS RESULTING FROM TOO MUCH PHYSICAL OR MENTAL EXERATION. FFATIGUE IS DANGEROUS IF YOU ARE DRIVING BECAUSE YOUR SENSES ARE IMPAIRED.
Driver fatigue is a physiological and psychological condition that significantly affects driving ability and judgment. Sleepy driving impairs alertness and response time and increases the risk of accidents.
Warning signs of driver fatigue include: Daydreaming Driving over the center line Excessive yawning Feeling impatient Heavy eyes Slow reactions Stiffness.
1. First and most importantly, get plenty of rest before you need to drive anywhere. Sleep deprivation can creep up on a person, so know that you have been getting proper sleep that is neither uninterrupted nor fragmented. 2. Recognize the signs of driver fatigue: drowsiness, difficulty focusing, blinking more than normal, yawning, heavy eyelids, your head will nod, and rubbing your eyes. If you have any of these symptoms or signs, don't continue driving. Either avoid driving altogether, or have someone else take over the wheel. 3. If you must continue driving, stop for frequent breaks. Get out of the vehicle and move around; getting the blood pumping through your body. Every two hours or 100 miles is a good time frame to shoot for when taking breaks.
4. Schedule a travel buddy. This is someone who could take your place driving if you get too tired. This is especially important for very long road trips. 5. Some other techniques that work for some people are to open the windows to have the cold air wake them, turn up the radio and sing along, and consuming caffeine.
BECAUSE SO MANY OF YOUR DECISIONS AS A DRIVER ARE BASED ON WHAT YOU SEE AND WHEN YOU SEE IT, GOOD VISION IS ONE OF MOST IMPORTANT PHYSICAL QUALITIES NECESSARY FOR DRIVING.
VVISUAL ACUITY - IS THE ABILITY TO SEE OBJECTS BOTH NEAR AND FAR. FFIELD OF VISION - IS THE AREA YOU CAN SEE DIRECTLY IN OF YOU, TO THE SIDES, AND STRAIGHT AHEAD. PPERIPHERAL VISION - Peripheral vision, or side vision, is that part of vision that detects objects outside the direct line of vision.
CENTRAL VISION PERIPHERAL VISION
DDEPTH PERCEPTION – I S THE ABILITY TO JUDGE THE DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO OBJECTS. CCOLOR VISION – IS THE ABILITY TO SEE COLOR COLOR BLINDNESS – IS THE INABILITY TO DEFFERENTIATE BETWEEN CERTAIN COLORS ………..RED AND GREEN
HHEARING GREATLY INCREASES YOUR AWARENESS WHILE DRIVING. YOUR EARS DETECT SOUNDS OF POTENTIAL HAZARDS OUTSIDE THE CAR SUCH AS: H ORNS SIRENS TRAIN WHISTLES
HHEARING ALSO TELLS YOU: W HEN TO SHIFT GEARS SOUNDS THAT MAY WARN YOU OF IMPENDING ENGINE PROBLEMS THE SCREECHING OF TIRES NOTE: SO THAT IS WHY THE WEARING OF A HEADSET OR EARPHONES WHILE DRIVING TO LISTEN TO MUSIC IS ILLEGAL.
AAGE IS ANOTHER PHYSICAL CONDITION THAT CAN HAVE AN IMPACT ON A PERSONS DRIVING ABILITIES. OOLDER DRIVERS ARE BETTER AT DETECTING AND AVOIDING POTENTIAL HAZARDS THAN YOUNGER DRIVERS.
HHOWEVER THEY ALSO TEND TO HAVE THE FOLLOWING: D ECREASED REACTION TIME WEAKER EYESIGHT POORER HEARING
YYOUNGER DRIVERS HAVE: B ETTER EYESIGHT BETTER HEARING FASTER REACTION TIME BUT LACK THE ONE THING THAT OLDER DRIVERS HAVE: EXPERIENCE !
WHEN TO DRIVE OR NOT TO DRIVE
AAVOID DRIVING WHEN YOU ARE SICK. YYOUR REACTION TIME IS AFFECTED WHEN YOU ARE SICK. TTHE MEDICATIONS YOU TAKE ALSO AFFECT YOUR ABILITY TO DRIVE. MMOST MEDICATIONS HAVE LISTED ON THE WARNING LABEL DO NOT OPERATE A MOTOR VEHICLE WHILE TAKING THIS MEDICATION.
AA CHRONIC IS ONE THAT IS ONGOING. EEXAMPLES: DIABETES ASTHMA EPILESPY GLAUCOMA CANCER HEART DISEASE MOOD DISORDERS
MANY OF THESE CHRONIC DISEASES AFFECT DRIVING ABILITY BY IMPAIRING CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE BODY’S NORMAL FUNCTION. HOWEVER, IT IS STILL QUITE POSSIBLE TO DRIVE RESPONSIBLY WITH CHRONIC DISEASES.
PPERSONS WITH PERMANENT PHYSICAL DISABILITIES THAT LIMIT THEIR USE OF ARMS, LEGS, OR HANDS CAN DRIVE VEHICLES ADAPTED WITH SPECIAL EQUIPMENT SUCH AS: H AND-OPERATED FOOT PEDALS STEERING WHEEL “SPINNERS”
TTEMPORARY INJURIES ARE ALSO MAY IMPAIR ONE’S ABILITY TO DRIVE. AA PHYSICAL INJURY IS A DISTRACTION BECAUSE OF THE PAIN OR DISCOMFORT THAT IS GENERALLY ASSOCIATED WITH AN INJURY. CCERTAIN INJURIES MAY AFFECT YOUR RANGE OF MOTION IN YOUR ARMS, LEGS, HEAD, TORSO AND NECK.
YOUR EMOTIONAL STATE IS VERY IMPORTANT FACTOR IN YOUR ABILITY TO DRIVE WELL. GIVING INTO YOUR EMOTIONS WHILE DRIVING DIMINISHES YOUR COORDINATION AND CONCENTRATION.
a. Distraction from the driving task. Our thoughts tend towards the cause of the emotion. b. Reaction to events around us. If we are upset, we may tend to react in a more aggressive manner to others around us.
The goal of emotional control is to recognize and understand your mental and physical limitations and drive within those limits.
EEVERY EMOTION AFFECTS YOUR ABILITY TO DRIVE. WHEN YOU ARE: ANGRY (NON-ROAD RAGE) EXCITED DEPRESSED UPSET OVER A PERSONAL ISSUE(S) ALL OF THESE EMOTIONS CAN TAKE THE FOCUS OFF THE ROAD AND ONTO YOUR PROBLEMS
YOUR EMOTIONAL STATE IS HEIGHTENED AND IS A VERY POWERFUL CONDITION WHICH AND CAN AFFECT A DRIVER’S ABILITY TO PERCEIVE AND RESPOND TO THE THREATS OF THE ROAD. WWHENEVER A DRIVER IS EXTREMELY ANGRY, SAD, EXUBERANT, UPSET, ANXIOUS, DEPRESSED OR FRUSTRATED THAT DRIVER SHOULD NOT BE BEHIND THE WHEEL BECAUSE HIS OR HER DECISIONS MAY BE STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY THEIR EMOTIONS.
WHY ARE TEENAGE DRIVERS MORE AFFECTED BY EMOTIONS THAN OTHER DRIVERS? MANY NEW EMOTIONS ARE BEING EXPERIENCED DURING THEIR ADOLESCENT YEARS. EXAMPLE: LOVE OR AFFECTION LONELINESS FEAR
AANOTHER REASON IS THAT TEENAGER ‘S ARE HAVING THEIR BRAINS REWIRED FOR ADULTHOOD. TTHIS CAN CAUSE A TEENAGER TO BE PUT IN A POSITION OF NOT KNOWING WHAT THEY WANT AND UNABLE TO CONTROL THEIR EMOTIONS.