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Of the United States Constitution

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1 Of the United States Constitution
Amendments 16-27 Of the United States Constitution

2 Amendments ratified in 1913
16th Amendment: Allows Congress the power to pass income tax laws and to collect taxes 17th Amendment: Allows senators to be elected by the people of their states

3 18th Amendment: Prohibition
Bans the making and selling of alcoholic beverages passed in 1919

4 21st Amendment Ends Prohibition
Gives the states the right to decide whether or not to ban liquor Passed in 1933

5 Amendments that Extended voting rights
The 19th , 23rd , 24th, and 26th Amendments

6 The 19th Amendment Gives women the right to vote
The first state to give women the right to vote was Wyoming in 1890 The fight for women’s right to vote continued until the passing of the 19th amendment in 1920

7 The 23rd Amendment Since the late 1700s people living in the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.) were not allowed to vote in national elections Passed in 1961, this amendment gave citizens living in DC the right to vote for president and vice-president

8 The 24th Amendment Ended the poll tax in federal elections in 1964.
Many southern states adopted a poll tax in the late 1800s People had to pay this special tax before they could vote. Many people thought that this tax was meant to keep African Americans from voting.

9 26th Amendment Before 1971, the states set the voting age and this age varied among the states. This amendment set the voting age at 18 in all states.

10 Amendments related to government offices
The 20th, 22nd, 25th, and 27th amendments

11 Amendments 22 and 25 The 22nd amendment limits the term of the president to two elected terms Passed in 1951 The 25th amendment identifies who will fill the positions of president and vice-president if these persons leave office or become disabled Passed in 1967

12 Amendments 20 and 27 The 20th amendment sets new dates for Congress to begin It also sets January 20 as the day the President takes office Passed in 1933 The 27th amendment says that any pay raise that Congress votes for itself will not take place until after the next Congressional election Passed in 1992

13 Amendments that have not passed
After the 15th Amendment, 43 years passed before changes were made to the Constitution. Twelve amendments were added (Amendments ) from 1913 to 1992. Since 1971, several amendments have been proposed but most have failed to pass

14 Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Congress approved the ERA in 1972 The amendment stated that equal rights should not be limited due to a person’s sex Congress sent the ERA to the states for approval It DID NOT pass!!! Congress extended the time limit for ratification until 1982 Again, It DID NOT pass!!!

15 In 1989 Congress proposed an amendment that made it illegal to burn the American flag.
The Supreme Court ruled that this amendment would be unconstitutional. people’s right to burn the flag was a form of free speech protected by the 1st Amendment

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