Presentation on theme: "Of the United States Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Of the United States Constitution Amendments 16-27Of the United States Constitution
2 Amendments ratified in 1913 16th Amendment:Allows Congress the power to pass income tax laws and to collect taxes17th Amendment:Allows senators to be elected by the people of their states
3 18th Amendment: Prohibition Bans the making and selling of alcoholic beveragespassed in 1919
4 21st Amendment Ends Prohibition Gives the states the right to decide whether or not to ban liquorPassed in 1933
5 Amendments that Extended voting rights The 19th , 23rd , 24th,and 26th Amendments
6 The 19th Amendment Gives women the right to vote The first state to give women the right to vote was Wyoming in 1890The fight for women’s right to vote continued until the passing of the 19th amendment in 1920
7 The 23rd AmendmentSince the late 1700s people living in the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.) were not allowed to vote in national electionsPassed in 1961, this amendment gave citizens living in DC the right to vote for president and vice-president
8 The 24th Amendment Ended the poll tax in federal elections in 1964. Many southern states adopted a poll tax in the late 1800sPeople had to pay this special tax before they could vote.Many people thought that this tax was meant to keep African Americans from voting.
9 26th AmendmentBefore 1971, the states set the voting age and this age varied among the states.This amendment set the voting age at 18 in all states.
10 Amendments related to government offices The 20th, 22nd, 25th, and 27th amendments
11 Amendments 22 and 25The 22nd amendment limits the term of the president to two elected termsPassed in 1951The 25th amendment identifies who will fill the positions of president and vice-president if these persons leave office or become disabledPassed in 1967
12 Amendments 20 and 27The 20th amendment sets new dates for Congress to beginIt also sets January 20 as the day the President takes officePassed in 1933The 27th amendment says that any pay raise that Congress votes for itself will not take place until after the next Congressional electionPassed in 1992
13 Amendments that have not passed After the 15th Amendment, 43 years passed before changes were made to the Constitution.Twelve amendments were added (Amendments ) from 1913 to 1992.Since 1971, several amendments have been proposed but most have failed to pass
14 Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) Congress approved the ERA in 1972The amendment stated that equal rights should not be limited due to a person’s sexCongress sent the ERA to the states for approvalIt DID NOT pass!!!Congress extended the time limit for ratification until 1982Again, It DID NOT pass!!!
15 In 1989 Congress proposed an amendment that made it illegal to burn the American flag. The Supreme Court ruled that this amendment would be unconstitutional.people’s right to burn the flag was a form of free speech protected by the 1st Amendment