16-5 Objectives for Chapter 16: Integrated Services Marketing Communications Discuss the key service communication challenges. Introduce the concept of integrated service marketing communications. Discuss ways to integrate marketing communications in service organizations. Present specific strategies for addressing service intangibility, managing promises, managing customer expectations, educating customers, and managing internal communications.
16-6 Communications and the Services Marketing Triangle
16-7 Integrated Services Communications Integrated Services Communications a strategy that carefully integrates all external and internal communication channels to present a consistent message to customers This means coordination across: sales and service people print Internet other forms of tangible communication including the servicescape How is this done in services? advertising sales presentations service encounters with employees servicescape and other tangibles Internet and web presence public relations pricing service guarantees customer education
16-8 Five Major Approaches to Overcome Service Communication Channels
16-9 (1) Approaches for Addressing Service Intangibility Use narrative to demonstrate the service experience Present vivid information Use interactive imagery Focus on the tangibles Use brand icons to make the service tangible Use association, physical representation, documentation, and visualization Feature service employees in communication Use buzz or viral marketing Leverage social media Aim messages to influencers Create advertising that generates talk because it is humorous, compelling, or unique Feature satisfied customers in the communication Generate word-of-mouth through employee relationships
16-10 Services Advertising Strategies Matched with Properties of Intangibility
16-11 (2) Approaches for Managing Service Promises Create a strong service brand Coordinate external communication
16-12 Service Branding Model
16-13 (3) Approaches for Managing Customer Expectations Make realistic promises Offer service guarantees Offer choices Create tiered-value service offerings Communicate the criteria and levels of service effectiveness
16-14 (4) Approaches for Managing Customer Education Prepare customers for the service process Confirm performance to standards and expectations Clarify expectations after the sale Teach customers to avoid peak demand periods and to seek slow demand periods
16-15 (5) Approaches for Managing Internal Marketing Communication Create effective vertical communications Sell the brand inside the company Create effective upward communication Create effective horizontal communications Align back-office and support personnel with external customers through interaction or measurement Create cross-functional teams of sales, service, and operations people when developing new services or engaging in service improvements Maintain a customer focus throughout all functions
16-16 Interactive Imagery: Travelers
16-17 Service Brand Icon: The GEICO Lizard
16-18 Focusing on Tangibles Associated with the Service: The Sierra Club
16-19 Best Practices for Closing the Communication Gap (Gap 4) Employing integrated services marketing communication strategies around everything and everyone that sends a message or signal. Manage customer expectations effectively throughout the experience. Develop mechanisms for internal communication to avoid over-promising and ensure successful delivery.
16-23 DHL’s Print Advertising Links to Employees
16-24 Service Brand Icons
16-25 “Relax, It’s FedEx” Campaign Campaign objective: demonstrate that FedEx’s portfolio of services will help businesses meet their needs more effectively Aimed at all businesses: from small businesses to corporate customers Integrated marketing communications campaign involves TV, print, and radio ads the message: the reliability that customers have come to expect is now more certain than ever, so they can “relax”
16-26 FedEx Print Advertisements Ad copy: Keeping costs down is the most important thing. Right after the 107 other things. Give your customers what they want, when they want it with FedEx Ground and the vast FedEx® transportation portfolio. It's a variety of services that is sure to meet your variety of transportation needs. Like giving you product visibility throughout the delivery process via FedEx InSight® so you can increase customer expectations and customer service all while keeping costs down. To find out everything we can do for you call Go.FedEx ( ). distribution.fedex.com/01 Relax, it's FedEx.
16-27 FedEx Print Advertisements Ad copy: Make your customers happy, even when they're not. Turn dissatisfied customers into customers who come back. FedEx Ground and the FedEx® transportation portfolio can give you a returns process that's easy for your customers and cost effective for you. Giving the customer what they want, when they want is a must. No matter how many tries it takes. To find out what we can do for you call Go.FedEx ( ). retail.fedex.com/03 Relax, it's FedEx.
16-28 FedEx Website easy to use ties in with whole value proposition of campaign Print ads drive customers to websites with information on how FedEx provides solutions for specific industries: retail, wholesale, apparel
16-29 Sports Sponsorship Does not tie in directly with the “Relax, It’s FedEx” campaign, but increases brand awareness
16-30 FedEx: Metrics for IMC Campaign FedEx must be able to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated marketing communication campaign customer surveys and focus groups about brand awareness number of telephone inquiries number of website hits and click-throughs number of shipments by customer segment growth in sales since campaign inception
16-31 FedEx: IMC Campaign Effectiveness Consistency of message Use narratives to demonstrate service experience Presents vivid information Promises what is possible Encourages word-of-mouth communication Indirectly features service customers
16-32 FedEx: Internal Communications Service employees must be well versed in what ads are promising Knowledge of services offered across the organization call centers web design response mechanisms InSight (new service offered) Cross-functional communication operations public relations/marketing