The Importance of Oil Nearly half the world’s oil is found in 5 M.E. countries Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest producer of oil OPEC – decides price and amount produced of oil Primary Product – oil Secondary Product – product made from raw materials - plastic made from some oil Petrochemicals – crude + natural gas to make a variety of products
Addicted to OIL...
Religion in the Region Islam is the dominant religion in the region Many Christians have left the region Islam influences culture – 5 Pillars of Islam Ramadan – holy month for Muslims Muslim Calendar – how is it different?
The 5 Pillars...
Westernization vs. Traditional Culture Region believes the U.S. forces too much change Examples – McDonald’s, Calvin Klein, X- Box One, Coca-Cola, North Face, The Voice Some people think better living conditions come from westernization - What do you think? Some people in the M.E. do not want to lose their traditional ways
Are you Western?
The Roles of Women Islam restricts most women in the region (civil rights/education) A few M.E. countries treat women fairly (Israel, Jordan, Egypt) Examples 1.cannot drive 2.cannot work outside the home 3.husband can marry up to three more women
How would someone like the women below survive in a traditional, Middle Eastern country? Lady Gaga, Oprah, and Christina Aguilera
Clothing & Culture Israel – most people dress in western clothing Orthodox Jews – more traditional Islam – women wear chadors, floor length cloaks that cover the body Iran & Saudi Arabia – clothing is a part of the law Islamic law demands facial hair for men in some countries
Traditional M.E. Clothing
A Disappearing Nomadic Culture Nomads only herd sheep Nomads escorted camel caravans Only 1% of the M.E. population is nomadic Droughts have decreased grazing Crossing borders has become difficult Why?