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Transmission of IP Packets over Ethernet over IEEE802.16 draft-riegel-16ng-ip-over-eth-over-80216-00 Max Riegel 2006-07-07.

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Presentation on theme: "Transmission of IP Packets over Ethernet over IEEE802.16 draft-riegel-16ng-ip-over-eth-over-80216-00 Max Riegel 2006-07-07."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transmission of IP Packets over Ethernet over IEEE draft-riegel-16ng-ip-over-eth-over Max Riegel

2 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 2 Introduction  Goal of this presentation  Present draft-riegel-16ng-ip-over-eth-over txt  Introduce topic and particular issues with Ethernet over IEEE  Provide background information on IEEE link behavior  Outline solution approaches  Promote contributions from others  Status of draft-riegel-16ng-ip-over-eth-over txt  Initial I-D  Provides outline and hints, how the solution may look like  IPv4 solution based on results out of WiMAX NWG  Lots of material still missing

3 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 3 IP works fine over Ethernet  RFC 894 defines transmission of IPv4 packets over Ethernet  RFC 826 recommends the use of ARP for address resolution  RFC2464 specifies the transmission of IPv6 packets over Ethernet  Today most Ethernets are (bridged) switched LANs with point-to- point links between Switch and Host  No issues when there is sufficient bandwidth and power  Usually the case for wired Ethernets  Wireless issues: shared transmission resource and limited power.  Power issue may even be more critical than scarce transmission resource Interne t

4 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 4 Protocol Layering of the IEEE Standard  Physical Layer, MAC Common Part Sublayer and Management/Control Plane are agnostic to user payload (CS type)  Standard accommodates multiple instantiations of CS types  Classification is specific to particular CS type  e.g. for IPoETH-CS, bytes of additional header information must be parsed per packet.

5 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 5 Convergence Sublayer Classification & Encapsulation Packet-handling in the base station is done based on information in the packet header Classification based on header information Encapsulation and forwarding

6 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 6 The IEEE Link Model  IEEE provides point-to-point links between the BS and MS  No direct communication between terminals possible  Fits well into switched Ethernet model CS SAP Service Specific Convergence Sublayer (CS) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP MAC PHY IEEE802.16/802.16e Data/Control Plane PHS (opt.) Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#1 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#3 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#5 Classifier CID#6CID#4CID#2 MS BS APPL Radio

7 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 7 Switched Ethernet link model for IEEE  Switch in basestation broadcasts packets to all MSs, if destination MAC address is not known in the switch  Waste of radio resource  All terminals have to wake up to process broadcast packet CS SAP Service Specific Convergence Sublayer (CS) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP MAC PHY IEEE802.16/802.16e Data/Control Plane PHS (opt.) Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#1 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#3 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#5 Classifier CID#6CID#4CID#2 MS BS APPL Radio

8 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 8 Enhanced Ethernet link model for IEEE  Dedicated switch functions prevent the ‘unnecessary’ transmission of ETH frames over the air  Response to broadcast and multicast requests on behalf of the MSs  Must learn about the MAC & IP addresses of the MSs CS SAP Service Specific Convergence Sublayer (CS) MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP MAC PHY IEEE802.16/802.16e Data/Control Plane PHS (opt.) Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#1 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#3 Classifier CS SAP MAC SAP MAC Common Part Sublayer (MAC CPS) Privacy Sublayer Physical Layer (PHY) PHY SAP PHS (opt.) CID#5 Classifier CID#6CID#4CID#2 MS BS APPL Radio

9 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 9 IPv4 specific behavior of the bridging function  Proxy ARP function  The BS SHALL support Proxy-ARP.  The BS SHALL have the ability to enable or disable Proxy ARP. If Proxy ARP is disabled, the ARP Proxy Agent shall pass all ARP packets without discrimination or modification using Standard Learned Bridging.  Upon receiving an ARP Request from a network side interface, the ARP Proxy Agent shall unicast an ARP Response back to that interface, provided that the target address matches an entry in the Proxy ARP table. If no match is found in the Proxy ARP table, the ARP Proxy Agent SHALL support silently discarding the Request or flooding the Request to all radio connection interfaces based upon configuration option.  The ARP Proxy Agent shall pass all ARP Response packets without discrimination or modification using Standard Learned Bridging. Upon receiving an ARP Request from an radio connection interface, the ARP Proxy Agent shall unicast an ARP Response back to the interface provided that the target address matches an entry in the Proxy ARP table. Otherwise, the ARP Proxy Agent shall flood the Request to all network side interfaces.  The ARP Proxy Agent shall silently discard any received self-ARP Requests. Those are requests for a target IP address, that when queried in the Proxy ARP table results in a response MAC equal to the Request's source MAC address.  The ARP Proxy Agent shall issue a gratuitous ARP on the network side interfaces for any new addition to the Proxy ARP table. An unsolicited broadcast ARP Response constitutes a gratuitous ARP. The Proxy ARP table MAY be established out of other IPv4 specific information available in the BS, e.g. DHCP Proxy or MIPv4 FA. The particular procedures are implementation dependent.  Information for the Proxy ARP Table MAY be transferred during handover of a mobile IEEE802.16e station to the target BS. The particular protocol for transfer of information for the Learned Bridge Table is out of scope of this specification.

10 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 10 IPv6 specific behavior of the bridging function t.b.f.

11 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 11 Conclusion  Current specification makes no use of MBS feature of IEEE MAC  MBS may not provide essential benefits for supporting multicast Power consumption issue may be more important than radio resource issue Proxy functions in bridge at BS may gain more than enhancements to the multicast behavior of IEEE  Need for context transfer between proxy tables during handover  Learned table entries may efficiently be reused by the target BS  Open: context transfer protocol

12 IEEE Fixed/nomadic deployment (Max Riegel) Page 12 Questions & Comments ?


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