Presentation on theme: "Objectives: Describe the postwar challenges that faced the nation."— Presentation transcript:
1Objectives: Describe the postwar challenges that faced the nation. Compare and contrast President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction with the plan proposed by Congress.Identify the goals of the Freedmen’s Bureau.Describe the immediate impact of Lincoln’s assassination.
2Terms and PeopleAbraham Lincoln – president who wanted to bind up the wounds of the Civil War as quickly as possibleamnesty – a group pardonfreedman – a man or woman who was legally freed from slavery after the Civil WarJohn Wilkes Booth – a Confederate sympathizer who shot President Lincoln
3How did the government try to solve key problems facing the nation after the Civil War? After the Civil War, enormous problems faced the nation, especially the South.The government developed a plan for states to return to the Union and created an organization to help people freed from slavery.
4After the Civil War, vast stretches of the South lay in ruins. Americans had to bring the North and South together again.This process was known as Reconstruction.
5What plans would be made for people who had been freed from slavery? Americans were forced to consider difficult questions during Reconstruction.What plans would be made for people who had been freed from slavery?Who would help the homeless refugees who needed food, shelter, and work?
6President Lincoln’s plan President Abraham Lincoln and Congress proposed different plans for Reconstruction.President Lincoln’s planTen Percent PlanWhen 10% of a state’s voters swore an oath of loyalty, they could organize a new state government.Congress’s planWade-Davis BillWhen 50% of a state’s voters swore loyalty, they could organize a new state government.
7Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan made it easy for southern states to rejoin the Union. If…Then…10% of a state’s voters swore loyalty to the U.S.That state could form a new state government.Former Confederates would receive amnesty.That government declared an end to slavery.The state could take part in national government again.
8The Wade-Davis Bill was much stricter. If…Then…50% of a state’s voters swore loyalty to the U.S.That state could rejoin the Union.People in that state had voluntarily fought for the Confederacy.They would not have voting rights.Lincoln refused to sign the bill, so it was never passed.
9Republican leaders had different ideas about how to keep their party strong in the new South. Lincoln believed that a “soft” policy would help him win support from influential southerners.Others argued that a strict plan would keep the South from regaining power and weaken their control.
10The government also had to deal with the needs of freedmen. In 1865, Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau.The Bureau’s first duty was to provide emergency relief to people displaced by the war.
11The Freedmen’s Bureau set up schools in the South. Many southern states lacked public education before the war.Now, public schools began to educate both blacks and whites.
12It helped freedmen find jobs. The Freedmen’s Bureau defended the freedom of former slaves in several ways.It helped freedmen find jobs.It resolved disputes between white Americans and freedmen.It set up its own courts to deal with some disputes.
13President Lincoln did not live to put his plans into practice. Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate sympathizer, while attending a play.Booth was captured and killed, but Americans remained stunned by Lincoln’s death.
14Lincoln’s successor was Vice President Andrew Johnson, a southern Democrat who had remained loyal to the Union.Johnson had shown bitterness toward the Confederates.Many Americans expected him to take a strict approach to Reconstruction.
15Section ReviewQuickTake QuizKnow It, Show It Quiz15