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Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 1 36 CFR Part 800 Protection of Historic Properties Section 106 Managing the Environmental & Project.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 1 36 CFR Part 800 Protection of Historic Properties Section 106 Managing the Environmental & Project."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 1 36 CFR Part 800 Protection of Historic Properties Section 106 Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

2 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 2 Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470f) says: “The head of any Federal agency having direct or indirect jurisdiction over a proposed Federal or federally assisted undertaking in any State and the head of any Federal department or independent agency having authority to license any undertaking shall, prior to the approval of the expenditure of any Federal funds on the undertaking or prior to the issuance of any license, as the case may be, take into account the effect of the undertaking on any district, site, building, structure, or object that is included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register. The head of any such Federal agency shall afford the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation established under Title II of this Act a reasonable opportunity to comment with regard to such undertaking.” The implementing regulations for Section 106 are those found at 36 CFR Part 800 What is Section 106? Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

3 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 3 Definition: “…means any prehistoric or historic district, site, building, structure, or object included in, or eligible for inclusion in, the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the Secretary of Interior. This term includes artifacts, records, and remains that are related to and located within such properties. The term includes properties of traditional religious and cultural importance to an Indian tribe …and that meet the National Register criteria.” (36 CFR Section [l][1]) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Historic Property

4 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 4 Federal agencies Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) Consulting parties Public Participants in Section 106 Process Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

5 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 5 Federal agency is responsible for complying with Section 106 and making all decisions required for compliance. The definition of “Federal agency” includes local and state governments that have been delegated responsibility for compliance with Section 106. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Federal Agencies

6 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 6 It is an independent Federal agency composed of President-appointed council and professional staff. Issues regulations, guidance, and advice on Section 106 compliance and oversees Section 106 process. Consults with and provides comments to Federal agencies on the effect of programs and undertakings on historic properties. ACHP Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

7 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 7 State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) Local governments and applicants for federal assistance, permits, licenses, and approval (includes ODOT) Federally recognized Native American Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations Individuals/organizations with demonstrated legal, economic, or preservation interest who ask to participate, as agreed to by FHWA, ODOT, SHPO, and Council Other parties agreed to by FHWA, ODOT, SHPO, and Council Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Consulting Parties

8 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 8 Public participation is important and required [36 CFR Section 800.2(d)]. Basic requirement of Section 106 is to provide information on effects to historic properties and seek public input. Public views are “essential to informed Federal decision making.” Agencies may use established public involvement procedures where appropriate (e.g., NEPA public involvement process). Public may provide views at their own initiative. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process The Public

9 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 9 Agency must ensure that all determinations, findings, and agreements reached through the Section 106 process are supported by adequate documentation to enable anyone, including the public, to understand the basis of all decisions. 36 CFR Section provides details on documentation standards and guidance on the adequacy of documentation. Documentation Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

10 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 10 ODOT’s Section 106 Process: 36 CFR Section (b) allows for the negotiation of a programmatic agreement to govern the implementation of a particular program In Ohio, we have a Programmatic Agreement between ODOT, FHWA, the SHPO, and ACHP for the implementation of ODOT’s program Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process ODOT’s Revised Section 106 Programmatic Agreement

11 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 11 Executed November 30, 2011 Signed by ACHP, FHWA, SHPO & ODOT Broad responsibilities delegated to ODOT, which functions on behalf of FHWA It is ODOT’s Section 106 Process Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process ODOT’s Revised Section 106 Programmatic Agreement

12 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 12 The new agreement includes: u Appendix A: Project types that may be cleared at the District level (CE Exempt) u Appendix B: Project types that may be cleared by OES with no SHPO involvement SHPO receives all other findings issued by ODOT for either a 15-day non-objection period or 30-day formal review. Cultural_Resources/Documents/Sec106PA-signed.pdf Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process ODOT’s Revised Section 106 Programmatic Agreement

13 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 13 Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

14 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 14 Establish undertaking Identify Appropriate SHPO/THPO Plan to involve the public Identify other consulting parties (Refer to ACHP flow chart) Step I: Initiate Section 106 process Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

15 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 15 FHWA & ODOT often use the NEPA public involvement process to achieve the Section 106 public involvement goal, but there can be separate meetings with Consulting Parties. Step I: Initiate Section 106 process Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

16 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 16 FHWA & ODOT must determine: Whether the action meets the definition of undertaking in the NHPA And, if so, whether it is a type of activity that has potential to affect historic properties Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Establish Undertaking

17 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 17 Definition: “project, activity, or program funded in whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a Federal agency, including those carried out by or on behalf of a Federal agency; those carried out with Federal financial assistance; those requiring a Federal permit, license or approval; and those subject to State or local regulation administered pursuant to a delegation or approval by a Federal agency.” (36 CFR Section (y)) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Undertaking

18 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 18 Remember that the definition of an undertaking is necessarily broad. It is NOT determined solely on funding. A 100% State funded project that requires a federal permit (such as a waterway permit from the Army Corps of Engineers), or requires a federal agency approval or license would still be subject to Section 106 review and coordination under 36 CFR Part 800. Undertaking (cont.) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

19 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 19 If there is no undertaking or if the undertaking has minimal potential to cause effects to historic properties under Appendix A or B of the Section 106 PA, the Section 106 process is complete. Document this finding to respond to questions or inquiries by public or other parties. Include discussion in NEPA document. If undertaking could cause effects, go to next step. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Conclusion of Step I

20 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 20 Step I: Initiate Section 106 Process Establish undertaking Identify appropriate SHPO/THPO Plan to involve the public Identify other consulting parties No Undertaking/ Minimal Potential To Cause Effects Public involvement Undertaking Might Affect Historic Properties Step I: Initiate Section 106 Process Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

21 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 21  Determine scope of efforts  Identify historic properties  Evaluate historic significance (National Register eligibility status) (Refer to ACHP flow chart) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Step II: Identify Historic Properties

22 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation CFR Section 800.4(b)(1): “The agency official shall make a reasonable and good faith effort to carry out appropriate identification efforts…within the area of potential effects” Flexibility in Identification Effort Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

23 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 23 Definition from 36 CFR Section (d): “geographic area or areas within which an undertaking may directly or indirectly cause alterations in the character or use of historic properties, if any such properties exist.” Informally based on the size, scope, context, and visual intrusiveness of a project. In ODOT’s process, “APE” basically equates with “Study Area.” Determined in consultation with SHPO May change over the life of a project. Area of Potential Effects Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

24 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 24 FHWA & ODOT efforts to identify Historic Properties must consider: u Magnitude and nature of undertaking u Degree of Federal involvement u Past studies u Nature and extent of potential effects u Likely nature and location of historic properties u Applicable standards and guidelines u Confidentiality concerns Flexibility in Identification Effort Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

25 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 25  Is the property already listed in the National Register of Historic Places?  If not, apply National Register criteria to determine eligibility.  Have to have consensus determination of eligibility.  Properties have to have integrity. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Evaluation of Significance

26 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 26  Listing of resources identified as worthy of recognition and preservation.  Nomination process distinct from Section 106 evaluation decision and process  Threshold tests: Age and Integrity  Four Eligibility Criteria A: events in history B: significant person or group of people C: architecture, engineering, or artistic qualities D: ability to yield important information (usually associated with archaeological sites) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process National Register of Historic Places

27 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 27  Authenticity of a property’s historic identity, based on surviving physical characteristics.  It is a composite of seven qualities: * Location * Design * Setting * Materials * Workmanship * Feeling * Association Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process NRHP Definition of Integrity

28 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 28  Integrity enables a property to illustrate significant aspects of its past.  Must resemble its historic appearance, retaining physical materials, design features & aspects of construction.  For archaeological resources, its based on the degree to which remaining evidence can provide important information.  All seven do not need to be present for eligibility as long as the overall sense of time & place is evident.  A resource can be important to a community, but unless it has a certain amount of integrity, it CANNOT be considered eligible for the NRHP. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process NRHP Integrity (cont.)

29 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 29  NR boundaries are needed to determine EFFECT in Section 106, not ELIGIBILITY!  We may never need to have a boundary determination for an eligible property for the purposes of Section 106. u However, a boundary determination may be needed to comply with Section 4(f) of the USDOT Act  Boundaries are determined based on what makes the property eligible under the NRHP criteria. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process NRHP Property Boundaries

30 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 30 After historic properties have been identified:  ODOT & FHWA apply definition of effect: “alteration to the characteristics of a historic property qualifying it for inclusion in or eligibility for the National Register” [36 CFR Section (i)]  At the conclusion of Step II, ODOT makes a formal finding of either “no historic properties affected” or “historic properties may be affected” Conclusion of Step II Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

31 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 31  Appropriate when: u ODOT and FHWA have determined that no historic properties are present in the APE; or u Historic properties are present but the undertaking will have no effect “No Historic Properties Affected” Finding Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

32 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 32  ODOT provides documentation to the SHPO, notifies consulting parties, and makes documentation available to the public.  SHPO may disagree with ODOT and FWHA, triggering next step  Per Section 106 PA, if no objection within 15 days, Section 106 compliance is complete Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Review of “ No Historic Properties Affected ” Finding

33 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 33 Step II: Identify Historic Properties Determine scope of efforts Identify historic properties Evaluate historic significance Historic Properties May Be Affected No Historic Properties Affected Public involvement Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Step II: Identify Historic Properties

34 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 34  If historic properties are affected: u FHWA and ODOT notify consulting parties and invite their views u ODOT applies criteria of adverse effect and notifies SHPO u ODOT and FHWA must consider views provided by other consulting parties & public (Refer to ACHP flow chart) Step III: Assess Adverse Effects Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

35 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 35  Adverse effect: when undertaking will cause the integrity of a historic property to be diminished  ODOT and FHWA must consider: u both direct and indirect effects u reasonably foreseeable effects: cumulative, later in time, or at a distance u all qualifying characteristics of a property Criteria of Adverse Effect Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

36 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 36  physical destruction or damage  alteration not consistent with the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards  relocation  change of use or change to physical features of a property’s setting  visual, atmospheric, or audible intrusions  neglect resulting in deterioration Examples of Adverse Effect Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

37 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 37  ODOT can propose “No Adverse Effect” finding and notify consulting parties. If no objection by SHPO, Section 106 is complete.  SHPO can respond with a request for changes to the undertaking in order to avoid an adverse effect. If ODOT and FHWA agree, Section 106 is complete.  If SHPO or another party disagrees, FHWA either resolves or asks the Council to review.  ODOT and FHWA must keep record of finding. Conclusion of Step III Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

38 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 38 Step III: Assess Adverse Effects Apply criteria of adverse effect Historic Properties Are Adversely Affected No Historic Properties Adversely Affected Public involvement Step III: Assess Adverse Effects Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

39 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 39  ODOT can propose an “adverse effect” finding to SHPO  ODOT and FHWA continue consultation with SHPO and other consulting parties to explore alternatives that may avoid, minimize, and/or mitigate adverse effects (Refer to ACHP flow chart) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Step IV: Resolve adverse effects

40 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 40  For all adverse effect findings, the Federal agency must notify the Council by providing this documentation for consultation [36 CFR (e)] given to consulting parties, which includes description of: u undertaking and APE u identification steps and affected historic properties u project effects and why the criteria of adverse effect are applicable u views of consulting parties and public Agency Notification to Council Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

41 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 41  Council has 15 days to respond when notified of project by the Federal agency or requested to enter consultation by another party  When entering process, Council now must: u document that criteria for Council involvement are met u advise the Federal agency or agency with delegated authority, such as ODOT Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Council Decision to Participate in Resolution of Adverse Effects

42 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 42  FHWA and ODOT must seek views of the public  To resolve adverse effects, FHWA’s and ODOT’s public involvement efforts have to take into account: u the magnitude of undertaking u the nature of its effects upon historic properties u the likely effects on historic properties u public participation efforts at earlier steps u confidentiality concerns Public Participation During Resolution of Adverse Effects Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

43 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 43  If FHWA, ODOT, SHPO and Council agree on how adverse effects will be resolved, they execute a Memorandum of Agreement.  The MOA defines the steps to mitigate the adverse effect.  When the Council does not participate, the Federal agency must submit a copy of executed MOA to the Council  Federal agency must ensure the undertaking is carried out in accordance with the MOA. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Conclusion of Step IV

44 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 44 Signatories:  Required signatories: Agency (FHWA), SHPO/THPO, and ACHP if they have joined in consultation. u Must sign and their approval is needed to amend or terminate  Invited signatories: ODOT and local agency with legal involvement, such as a City or County u Not required to execute MOA, but if they do sign, their approval is needed to amend or terminate  Concurring parties: additional signatories (could be a local historical society, community organization, private citizen, etc.) u Do not have the same rights as signatories—approval is not needed to execute, amend, or terminate. Memorandum of Agreement Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

45 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 45  To specify the mitigation or alternatives agreed to by the consulting parties.  To identify who is responsible for carrying out the specified measures.  To render Council comment (if necessary).  To serve as acknowledgement by the signatories that, in their collective view, the Federal agency has taken into account the effects of the undertaking on historic properties. Purposes of the MOA Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

46 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 46 If agency and SHPO cannot agree, Council must be invited to participate Council may consult or choose to comment If further consultation not productive, Federal agency, SHPO, or Council can terminate Federal agency MAY ultimately decide to proceed without SHPO and/or Council agreement (this is not common.) (Refer to ACHP flow chart) Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Failure to Resolve Adverse Effects

47 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 47 Failure To Agree Memorandum of Agreement Council Comment Public involvement Step IV: Resolve Adverse Effects Continue consultation Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Step IV: Resolve Adverse Effects

48 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 48 Most projects do not involve historic properties, however, the simplest projects can. The Federal agency is ultimately responsible for all decisions Everything is documented. Notify the public and seek comment when required. Properties determined eligible for the NRHP receive the same level of consideration as those already listed in the NRHP. Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process Principles To Remember

49 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 49 Most cases can be resolved at the state level between FHWA/ODOT and SHPO. The process has no predetermined outcome. The process is based on good faith effort. Section 106 of the NHPA does NOT require preservation of historic and/or archaeological resources, only that the projects effects on them be considered. More Principles To Remember Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

50 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 50  Advisory Council’s web site: New guidance is published by Council periodically. Read the regulations; print additional guidance from the Council’s website.  AASHTO Practitioner’s Handbook: “Consulting Under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act” (February 2007)  CEQ NEPA Citizen’s Guide: More information Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process

51 Presented by: The Ohio Department of Transportation 51 ODOT Section 106 Toolkit: oolkit.aspx oolkit.aspx SHPO: NRHP: FHWA: AASHTO : Call the Cultural Resource Section staff (contact information located on our website) There is information on OES’ website and in the Cultural Resources Manual regarding report requirements, agreements, publications, historic bridges, general guidance and related links. Additional Information: Managing the Environmental & Project Development Process


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