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Former DOE Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu

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1 Former DOE Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu
DOE Missions Sustain basic research, discovery and mission driven Catalyze a transformation of the national/global energy system Enhance nuclear security Contribute to US competitiveness and jobs Discuss framing of the questions from the National Academies presentation Former DOE Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu

2 DOE organization chart

3 DOE Programs Advanced Scientific Computing Research
Basic Energy Sciences Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer + The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) to accelerate development and facilitate deployment of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and market-based solutions that strengthen U.S. energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality. + ARPA-E: response to “Rising above the gathering storm” following model of DARPA

4 Advanced Scientific Computing Research
Two subprograms: The Mathematical, Computational, and Computer Sciences Research subprogram develops mathematical descriptions, models, methods, and algorithms to describe and understand complex systems, often involving processes that span a wide range of time and/or length scales. The subprogram also develops the software to make effective use of advanced networks and computers, many of which contain thousands of multi-core processors with complicated interconnections, and to transform enormous data sets from experiments and simulations into scientific insight. The High Performance Computing and Network Facilities subprogram delivers forefront computational and networking capabilities and contributes to the development of next-generation capabilities through support of prototypes and testbeds.

The Computer Science program generates innovative advancement in computer performance and computational science techniques. APPLIED MATHEMATICS The Applied Mathematics program supports mathematical and computational research that facilitates the use of the latest high-performance computer systems in advancing our understanding of science and technology. This program supports research at many academic institutions. NEXT GENERATION NETWORKING FOR SCIENCE (Distributed Network Environment Research) + (Collaboratories & Advanced Networking Research) The Next Generation Network for Science program in ASCR conducts research and development activities to support distributed high-end science in the Office of science. It focuses on end-to-end of high-performance, high-capacity, and middleware network technologies needed to provide secure access to distributed science facilities, high-performance computing recourses, and large-scale scientific collaborations. SciDAC - SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY Thru ADVANCED COMPUTING The Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing Program (SciDAC) is now in its seventh year. This unique program has brought together computational scientists, applied mathematicians, and computer scientists from across application domains and from universities and national laboratories across the United States. DOE-CSGF - DOE's Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Program The Department of Energy's Computational Science Graduate Fellowship (DOE CSGF) program was developed to meet the Nation's growing need for science and technology professionals with advanced computer skills.

6 Biological and Environmental Research
Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Detailed next Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD)

7 Biological Systems Science Division
Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science Genomic Science Program  DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Radiological Sciences Radiochemistry and Imaging Instrumentation – Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research Program Biological Systems Facilities and Infrastructure Structural Biology  DOE Joint Genome Institute  DOE Human Subjects Protection

8 Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD)
The Atmospheric System Research activity seeks to understand the physics, chemistry, and dynamics governing clouds, aerosols, and precipitation interactions, with a goal to advance the predictive understanding of the climate system. The Environmental System Science activity seeks to advance a robust predictive understanding of terrestrial surface and subsurface ecosystems, within a domain that extends from the bedrock to the top of the vegetated canopy and from molecular to global scales. The Climate and Earth System Modeling activity seeks to develop high fidelity community models representing earth and climate system variabilities and change, with a significant focus on the response of systems to natural and anthropogenic forcing.

9 Basic Energy Sciences (Mission)
Fundamental research to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels Provide the foundations for new energy technologies to support DOE’s missions in energy, environment, and national security Plan, construct, and operate world-leading scientific user facilities for the Nation

10 BES organization chart

11 BRNs: Basic Research Needs Documents
Disruptive, Transformational Advances Require “Control” Control of materials properties and functionalities through electronic and atomic design New materials discovery, design, development, and fabrication, especially materials that perform well under extreme conditions “Control” of photon, electron, spin, phonon, and ion transport in materials Science at the nanoscale, especially low-dimensional systems Designed catalysts Designed interfaces and membranes Structure-function relationships Bio-materials and bio-interfaces, especially at the nanoscale New tools for spatial characterization, temporal characterization, and for theory/modeling/computation This is based on the series of strategic planning that BES has conducted in the past years. *lw*Yet control implies technology, realistic manipulation strategies – who funds that aspect. I imagine BES researches control but do not worry about the scalability of control?

12 Increasing progression of scientific scope and level of effort
BES Research ― Science for Discovery & National Needs Three Major Types of Research Thrusts Core Research (many) Support single investigator and small group projects to pursue their specific research interests Energy Frontier Research Centers (46) $2-5 million-per-year research centers, established in 2009, focus on fundamental research related to energy Energy Innovation Hubs (1 in BES) $20 million+ -per-year research centers focus on integrating basic & applied research with technology development to enable transformational energy applications The Fuels from Sunlight Hub : Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP), led by Caltech in partnership with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and other California institutions. Batteries and Energy Storage Hub, led by Argonne National Lab. Increasing progression of scientific scope and level of effort Core: Enable seminal advances in the core disciplines of the basic energy sciences—materials sciences and engineering, chemistry, and aspects of geosciences and biosciences. Scientific discoveries at the frontiers of these disciplines establish the knowledge foundation to spur future innovations and inventions. ERRC: Multi-investigator and multi-disciplinary centers to harness the most basic and advanced discovery research in a concerted effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to create advanced energy technologies. Hub: Hubs comprise a larger set of investigators spanning science, engineering, and other disciplines focused on a single critical national need identified by the Department; each Hub is expected to become a world leading R&D center in its topical area to develop a complete energy system. 12

13 Energy Frontier Research Centers
46 EFRCs in 35 States launched in Fall 2009 ~860 senior investigators and ~2,000 students, postdoctoral fellows, and technical staff at ~115 institutions > 250 scientific advisory board members from 12 countries and > 35 companies Impact to date: >1,000 peer-reviewed papers including more than 30 publications in Science and Nature. > 40 patents applications and nearly 50 additional patent/invention disclosures by 28 of the EFRCs. at least 3 start-up companies with EFRC contributions Assessment of progress: All EFRCs are undergoing mid-term peer review to assess progress towards goals and plans for the next 2 years of R&D.

14 More Information? *
* Or just Google “DOE BES”

15 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Homes Buildings Vehicles Manufacturing Government Renewal Energy Solar Wind Water Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen and fuel cells

16 EERE organization chart

17 ARPA-E In 2007, Congress passed and President George W. Bush signed into law The America COMPETES Act, which officially authorized ARPA-E's creation. In 2009, Congress appropriated and President Barack Obama allocated $400 million to the new Agency, which funded ARPA-E's first projects. Since 2009, ARPA-E has funded over 275 potentially transformational energy technology projects. Many of these projects have already demonstrated early indicators of technical success. For example, ARPA-E awardees have: Doubled the world-record energy density for a rechargeable lithium-ion battery Developed a 1 megawatt silicon carbide transistor the size of a fingernail Engineered microbes that use hydrogen and carbon dioxide to make liquid transportation fuel Pioneered a near-isothermal compressed air energy storage system

18 Applying for funding ARPA-E funds technology-focused, applied research and development aimed at creating real-world solutions to important problems in energy creation, distribution, and use. Applicants interested in receiving basic research financial assistance or funding to improve existing technology platforms would likely be better served by other Energy Department programs.  How the ARPA-E Funding Process Works: ARPA-E issues periodic Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs), which are focused on overcoming specific technical barriers around a specific energy area. ARPA-E also issues periodic OPEN FOAs to identify high-potential projects that address the full range of energy-related technologies, as well as funding solicitations aimed at supporting America’s small business innovators. All ARPA-E applicants are required to first submit a Notice of Intent and Concept Paper. ARPA-E will review the concept paper and provide early feedback on whether the idea is likely to form the basis of a successful full application. Only after ARPA-E has provided a notification on the concept paper will the applicant be permitted to submit a full application.

19 Examples of calls


21 Personal observations
Scrutiny on collaborative projects Need evidence of true collaboration and synergy Acknowledgements and description of funding scope To address scrutiny from Congress and government More strict than NSF Critical for co-acknowledgement Important component of “Current and Pending support” and proposal itself Strict rules on funding (who can be funded and use of funding) Careful with government labs that cannot be funded through universities Scrutiny on use of funds (e.g. travel) – need permission for any rebudgeting BES seeks innovative science not applications But need for motivation from applications Continuity in funding In past, easier to get extend funding than to get funding, if productivity high Recent pressures due to decrease of DOE budget and new initiatives

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