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BY: MATT CRISWELL 2012 Foundations of the U.S. Government Begin.

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Presentation on theme: "BY: MATT CRISWELL 2012 Foundations of the U.S. Government Begin."— Presentation transcript:

1 BY: MATT CRISWELL 2012 Foundations of the U.S. Government Begin

2 Content Layout This is a tool to help you, the students, grasp a shallow, but fundamental array of content on the U.S. Government. Review each of the following slides carefully, then complete each quiz. Each slide will have navigational buttons: Directions Menu Directs you back to the Main Menu This will direct you to the next slide This button will redirect you to the previous page

3 I. BRANCHES GOVERNMENT IS A CIRCUS EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL II. SUPREME COURT CASES MARBURY V. MADISON BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION ARIZONA V. MIRANDA ROE V. WADE Foundations of the U.S. Government Feeling Lucky? Quiz

4 Some Extra Info.! I wanted to make this video to give you some extra information about a relevant topic in the world today. This is a very key-issue in politics now and studying this will help political scientists better predict the outcome of elections.

5 The Government is a Circus Menu I want you to watch this because it’s just a fun video and it could potentially help you learn the material.

6 Executive Branch Includes: The President – the head of the Executive branch, and the party he or she is apart of (e.g. President Obama is the leader of the Democratic party) The Cabinet – this is the group of people who are direct advisors to the President The Bureaucracy – this arena is comprised of thousands of workers (called bureaucrats) who work in various Departments that take care of different issues (e.g. the department of Transportation takes care of enforcing laws regarding transportation in the U.S. Purpose(s): To carry out the laws passed Menu

7 Executive Branch Presidential Powers: Executive Order – an order that does not need to be approved by Congress. Supreme Court & Ambassador appointments (approved by the Senate) Leader of the “Party” – leads the party he is apart of (Usually Democratic or Republican). Commander-in-Chief – leader of the military. Leader of the Bureaucracy and the Cabinet Menu President Barack Obama was a Senator

8 Legislative Branch Includes: Another word for the Legislative Branch is Congress (including both houses) The House of Representatives – comprised of 435 Representatives, one representing districts in each state (not every state has the same amount of districts)  Well known Representative: Paul Ryan (R-WI) The Senate – comprised of 100 senators, two from each state (a senior and junior member)  Well known Senator: John McCain (R-AR) Purpose: enacting laws and allocating funds Menu

9 Legislative Branch Congressional Powers: Approval of Supreme court and ambassador appointments Creating treaties Creating laws & acts The ability to amend the constitution Congress was separated into two houses because it satisfied an argument within the original Congress. The Senate (100)The House of Representatives (435) Menu

10 Judicial Branch Includes: The Supreme Court – a group of nine judges who are tasked with the job of hearing cases and deciding what is constitutional and what is not. Each President is allowed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court. However, the Senate has to approve or disapprove of the appointee. Purpose(s): interpreting legislation, and the intentions of the constitution Menu

11 Judicial Branch Judicial Powers: Judicial Review of both the Legislative and Executive branches Interprets the constitution Making laws indirectly (through decisions made on cases) Think “Rule of Four” (that is how many votes a case needs to pass) Menu

12 Application If you were the President and wanted to appoint a new Supreme Court Judge, what Branch of government would you have to convince to accept his or her application? A.) Judicial B.) Legislative C.) Executive

13 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

14 Correct! Good Job! Menu

15 Executive Branch Includes: The President – the head of the Executive branch, and the party he or she is apart of (e.g. President Obama is the leader of the Democratic party) The Cabinet – this is the group of people who are direct advisors to the President The Bureaucracy – this arena is comprised of thousands of workers (called bureaucrats) who work in various Departments that take care of different issues (e.g. the department of Transportation takes care of enforcing laws regarding transportation in the U.S. Purpose(s): To carry out the laws passed Return to Quiz

16 Executive Branch Presidential Powers: Executive Order – an order that does not need to be approved by Congress. Supreme Court & Ambassador appointments (approved by the Senate) Leader of the “Party” – leads the party he is apart of (Usually Democratic or Republican). Commander-in-Chief – leader of the military. Leader of the Bureaucracy and the Cabinet Return to Quiz President Barack Obama was a Senator

17 Executive Branch Presidential Powers: Executive Order – an order that does not need to be approved by Congress. Supreme Court & Ambassador appointments (approved by the Senate) Leader of the “Party” – leads the party he is apart of (Usually Democratic or Republican). Commander-in-Chief – leader of the military. Leader of the Bureaucracy and the Cabinet Return to Quiz President Barack Obama was a Senator

18 Legislative Branch Includes: Another word for the Legislative Branch is Congress (including both houses) The House of Representatives – comprised of 435 Representatives, one representing districts in each state (not every state has the same amount of districts)  Well known Representative: Paul Ryan (R-WI) The Senate – comprised of 100 senators, two from each state (a senior and junior member)  Well known Senator: John McCain (R-AR) Purpose: enacting laws and allocating funds Return to Quiz

19 Legislative Branch Includes: Another word for the Legislative Branch is Congress (including both houses) The House of Representatives – comprised of 435 Representatives, one representing districts in each state (not every state has the same amount of districts)  Well known Representative: Paul Ryan (R-WI) The Senate – comprised of 100 senators, two from each state (a senior and junior member)  Well known Senator: John McCain (R-AR) Purpose: enacting laws and allocating funds Return to Quiz

20 Legislative Branch Congressional Powers: Approval of Supreme court and ambassador appointments Creating treaties Creating laws & acts The ability to amend the constitution Congress was separated into two houses because it satisfied an argument within the original Congress. The Senate (100) The House of Representatives (435) Return to Quiz

21 Legislative Branch Congressional Powers: Approval of Supreme court and ambassador appointments Creating treaties Creating laws & acts The ability to amend the constitution Congress was separated into two houses because it satisfied an argument within the original Congress. The Senate (100)The House of Representatives (435) Return to Quiz

22 Judicial Branch Includes: The Supreme Court – a group of nine judges who are tasked with the job of hearing cases and deciding what is constitutional and what is not. Each President is allowed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court. However, the Senate has to approve or disapprove of the appointee. Purpose(s): interpreting legislation, and the intentions of the constitution Return to Quiz

23 Judicial Branch Judicial Powers: Judicial Review of both the Legislative and Executive branches Interprets the constitution Making laws indirectly (through decisions made on cases) Think “Rule of Four” (that is how many votes a case needs to pass) Return to Quiz

24 Judicial Branch Judicial Powers: Judicial Review of both the Legislative and Executive branches Interprets the constitution Making laws indirectly (through decisions made on cases) Think “Rule of Four” (that is how many votes a case needs to pass) Return to Quiz

25 Marbury v. Madison Menu Marbury v. Madison (1803), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. The landmark decision helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of government. This case gave the Supreme court the power of Judicial review. This case decision gave the Supreme Court the ability to review the other branches to decide whether their actions or decisions are constitutional. William Marbury James Madison

26 Brown v. Board of Education Menu Brown v. Board of Education (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement. This case was a turning point in U.S. history. The decision prohibited the segregation of public schools. What was even more revolutionary was that this case overturned a previous case. That does not happen often in the Supreme Court.

27 Miranda v. Arizona Menu Miranda v. Arizona (1966), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which passed 5-4. The Court held that all statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be used in trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant not only understood these rights, but voluntarily waived them. This case is important because it required police to recite what’s called the “Miranda” rights. In every cop show every, they have said the Miranda rights, or at least a portion of them. The phrase “You have a right to an attorney…” “Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law…” You know this stuff.

28 Roe v. Wade Menu Roe v. Wade (1973), is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. Decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton, the Court ruled 7-2 that a right to privacy under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment extended to a woman's decision to have an abortion, but that right must be balanced against the state's two legitimate interests in regulating abortions: protecting prenatal life and protecting women's health. Arguing that these state interests became stronger over the course of a pregnancy, the Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the trimester of pregnancy. You probably have heard of this case many times. This is the case that legalized abortion. It is a key issue today, with so many fighting for and against it. There has yet to be a compromise.

29 Application If you were a Supreme Court Judge in 1973, would have voted in favor of Roe v. Wade? A.) Yes B.) No

30 Marbury v. Madison Marbury v. Madison (1803), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. The landmark decision helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of government. This case gave the Supreme court the power of Judicial review. This case decision gave the Supreme Court the ability to review the other branches to decide whether their actions or decisions are constitutional. William Marbury James Madison Return to Quiz

31 Question 1 What is the purpose of the Executive branch? A.) Passing laws and allocating funds B.) Carrying out the laws passed C.) Interpret legislation D.) Create Treaties

32 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

33 Correct! Good Job! Continue

34 Question 2 What is the purpose of the Legislative branch? A.) To pass laws and allocate funds B.) Interpret legislation C.) Appoints cabinet members D.) Carries out laws

35 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

36 Correct! Good Job! Continue

37 Question 3 What branch of government convenes in this building and what is its (the branch’s) purpose? A.) Legislative; interpreting legislation B.) Executive; carrying out laws C.) Legislative; carrying out laws D.) Judicial; interpreting legislation

38 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

39 Correct! Good Job! Continue

40 Question 4 What two branches of government have Barack Obama been apart of? A.) Legislative and Judicial B.) Executive and Legislative C.) Executive and Judicial D.) Only Executive

41 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

42 Correct! Good Job! Continue

43 Question 5 Which court case gave the Supreme court Judicial Review? A.) Brown v. Board of Education B.) Miranda v. Arizona C.) Marbury v. Madison D.) None of these

44 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

45 Correct! Good Job! Continue

46 Question 6 How many judges are on the Supreme Court? A.) Four B.) Five C.) Ten D.) Nine

47 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

48 Correct! Good Job! Continue

49 Question7 Which of these people were senators? A.) Paul Ryan B.) Mitt Romney C.) John McCain D.) None of these

50 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

51 Correct! Good Job! Continue

52 Question 8 Why is the Legislative branch separated into two house? A.) Checks and Balances B.) Compromised argument C.) All of the above D.) None of these

53 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

54 Correct! Good Job! Continue

55 Question 9 How many members are in each house of the legislative branch? A.) Senate – 50; House of Reps. – 436 B.) Senate – 100; House of Reps. – 435 C.) Senate – 435; House of Reps. – 100 D.) House of Reps – 450; Senate – 50

56 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

57 Correct! Good Job! Continue

58 Question 10 What I say, “Rule of Four,” what branch should you think of? A.) Legislative B.) Executive C.) Judicial D.) Senate

59 Oops!! Try Again! Retry

60 Good Job! You finished the Quiz! Menu

61 Objectives Audience & Environment Students will be able to identify each Branch of the U.S. government with 100 % accuracy. Given pictures of each Branch of the U.S. government, students will be able to identify each one’s purpose with 100% accuracy. Students will be able to explain each court case (mentioned in the PowerPoint) and their individual impacts with 100 % accuracy. 10 th graders Mainly middle class students with few outliers Class will take place in a school lab with enough computers for each student to work individually Students will not be allowed to work together Help will be provided to each student when required. Foundations of the U.S. Government


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