2 What is an Electronic Portfolio? A portfolio is a purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student's efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas.The collection must include student participation in selecting contents, the criteria for selection; the criteria for judging merit, and evidence of student self-reflection.Educators in the Pacific Northwest, through the Northwest Evaluation Association (1990)
3 Electronic Portfolios… Are selective and purposeful collections of students’ workFocus on students’ reflection of their workProvide records of learning, growth, and changeProvide meaningful documentation of students' abilitiesProvide information to students, parents, teachers, and members of the community about what students have learned or are able to doRepresent a learning historyTeachers and students may construct portfolios in literacy and writing, science, math, the arts, or any other subject area in the curriculum. Portfolios may also be more inclusive, containing samples of work across curricular areas.Portfolios bring together curriculum, instruction and assessment. Through the use of portfolios teachers and students can develop a shared understanding of what constitutes quality work, and acquire a common language for evaluating students' accomplishments.The use of portfolios lead to classrooms that are student-centered rather than teacher-centered, because students accept more responsibility and become agents in their own education. Students should be able to choose the types of samples that will be placed in their portfolios.There is growing use of portfolios in the classroom in the form of files or notebooks. The electronic portfolio, however, is a new option allowed by the increase of technology in the classroom, providing yet another perspective on what students can do. Electronic portfolios can include varied media such as text, graphics, video and sound, going beyond just paper and pencil work. After all, products on paper constitute only a small portion of what the student produces in a school year.
4 Why use Electronic Portfolios? Fosters active learningMotivating for studentsEffective instruments of feedbackEffective instruments of discussion on student performanceEasily accessibleCan store Multiple MediaAllows cross-referencing of student workElectronic portfolios foster active learning.Effective instruction should be more than something "delivered" to students. Students become active learners only when they assume ownership and control of their learning. There is little reason for students to develop ownership of standardized test scores filed away in the office. Portfolios help students to set goals for learning, review their goals periodically, and assume responsibility for their own learning. They also allow parents to be informed partners in their child's learning.Electronic portfolios motivate students.Displaying their work to anyone on the WWW is much more motivating for students then producing for the teacher. Students like to display their work, and now the technology allows them to display their work to the entire world.Electronic portfolios also encourage students to engage in periodic self reflection, a very important component of learning.Electronic portfolios are instruments of feedback.Electronic portfolios allow for the evaluation on the efficiency of learning goals, the effectiveness of learning strategies, and the clarity of knowledge presentation. Put together, this leads to a system of feedback where several processes in the educational cycle may be evaluated simultaneously. Not only do they provide feedback to students, but they also create a means for exchanging feedback between teachers, and the administration.Electronic portfolios are instruments of discussion on student performance.Portfolios may serve as concrete instruments for teacher-student, parent-teacher, and parent-student discussion. It is possible to gain a better understanding of a student's abilities by examining the student's work. Thus, parent conferences take on a totally new definition through electronic portfolios since portfolios can provide a more detailed picture of the student's achievements than test scores and letter grades. Electronic portfolios allow parents to examine teacher expectations, curriculum standards, the students' achievements conveniently and efficiently.Electronic portfolios are accessible.The major advantage of electronic portfolios over folders and notebooks is that they provide easy access to student performance. Students' learning products are readily accessible to students, parents, administrators, and other teachers over the WWW. This process introduces economy in storage, and ease of access from practically anywhere in the world.Electronic portfolios can store multiple media.Students' writing may be collected easily in notebooks and files. But what about samples of oral reading, a three dimensional model, artwork, a sketch, an animation? By using electronic portfolios it is possible to include examples of all these different media in a portfolio.Electronic portfolios allow cross-referencing of student workThe dynamic nature of web-pages makes it possible to cross-reference student work in a meaningful way. Suppose a science project also contains samples of math problems the student solved while working on the project. Paper and pencil portfolios would require that copies of the same work would be filed under multiple headings. Using electronic portfolios, it is possible to create meaningful links between all work that is presented.
5 Steps to Creating an Electronic Portfolio 6. Completed Portfolio5. Design the storyboard and template4. Decide what software/hardware will be usedDecide on the Content Areas to be assessed:Teachers should never begin a portfolio project without a clear view of their purpose in collecting student work. A question teachers need to answer in beginning a portfolio project is, "What should I collect?" Portfolios are not meant to include everything that students produce. Therefore, before starting a portfolio project, teachers should identify the dimensions of learning they wish to display.Decide which Curriculum/State Standards the portfolio will addressThe emphasis need not be on collecting "best work" when creating a student portfolio. Instead, a wide range of work samples representative of the student's work will allow the viewer to examine progress. Process portfolios demonstrate student work throughout a learning task. At the beginning of the learning task students should answer questions such as:What do I plan to accomplish with this task?How I plan to get thereMy strategies for accomplishing this taskDecide how the portfolio will be organizedPortfolios should be organized to reflect an accurate picture of the student's development. A portfolio should include:a table of contentsthe date of the workdescription of the taskstudent reflection on the entryEach portfolio entry could have links to the areas of assessment that are involved in the project, or task.Decide what software/hardware will be usedMultimedia computer w/microphoneMicrophones will allow the teacher to record students when reading textFlatbed ScannerYou can use a scanner to scan written text or drawings of students’ worksElectronic CamerasElectronic Cameras can be used to capture candid or staged shots of students as they are interacting with other classmatesYou can also use Electronic cameras when going on field trips and scan them into the PowerPointSoftwarePowerPointHyperstudioAppleworks 6Portfolio BuilderDesign a Storyboard and templateHave a road map to your finished goal. Layout the designs of what you want to include in your PowerPoint. Then use PowerPoint to create the baseline templates.3. Decide how the portfolio will be organized2. Decide which Curriculum/State standards the portfolio will address1. Decide on the Content Areas to be assessed
6 What should I include in a Portfolio? Personal informationBackground informationAssessmentsStudent picturesHandwriting samplesWork samplesResumesDrawingsJournalsPersonal goalsTeacher observationsStudent reflectionsReading samplesVideo recordings
7 What Equipment do I Need? Multimedia Computer w/microphoneFlatbed ScannerDigital CameraSoftwarePowerPointHyperstudio
8 Portfolio Samples Kindergarten Portfolio Elementary Student Portfolio High School Student PortfolioDevin’s Portfolio
9 Work Cited Electronic Portfolios Kindergarten Portfolio "Creating Student Portfolios on the Alphabet Superhighway." 05 MarKindergarten PortfolioCreated by Michele Vela, Kindergarten Teacher. Pizzo Elementary.Sample PortfoliosCreated by Lori Hartman, Intel Teach to the Future-Master TeacherHigh School PortfoliosDoe, Sarah. "Electronic Portfolio." Barrington High School. 30 Mar
21 Favorite Activity: glittering Best Friend: Oscar DevynBirthday:Favorite Color: goldFavorite Animal: lionFavorite Game: LuggioFavorite Activity: glitteringBest Friend: OscarI want to be a football player when I grow up.
22 Devyn Devyn and his friends are exploring connecting cubes. I wonder how long Devyn’s trains aregoing to be?
23 DevynDevyn is using the felt board.I wonder what he is planning.
24 Devyn Look who we found in the Home Center! Its our friends Devyn and Jalen.
25 Listen to me readLevel 1: A Toy BoxLevel 2 : Don’t Wake the Baby
29 Sample Student Portfolio [replace with student’s name] School nameGradeSchool Year
30 Table of Contents Letter of Introduction/Welcome Letter Resume and/or Personal InformationMission/Goals StatementInternshipSkills PageAccomplishmentsLetters of RecommendationsReflection Log
31 Welcome to My Portfolio! Add a brief description of your portfolio here
32 Resume and Personal Information TranscriptJob Application LetterPersonal Values AnalysisAdditional Information
33 Mission/Goals Statement Type a small paragraph of your mission or goals statement.
34 Internship Overview Application Photos **You can hyperlink these items to actual documents or photos…or you can create additional pages for each item.
35 Link a copy of one of the student’s self reflective journals here. My SkillsSkillsArtifactsBasic SkillsLink a sample of the student’s work to show comprehension of basic skills.Higher Order ThinkingLink a student sample that shows evidence of higher order thinking skills.Affective SkillsLink a copy of one of the student’s self reflective journals here.
36 Accomplishments Accomplishments Artifacts Perceptive Thinker: Identify, analyze, apply information / make responsible decisionsCommunity Service: use time to improve community, value honestySelf Directed: show pride, personal values, set priorities and goalsAdaptable Problem Solver: anticipate and solve, adapt to changes