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Navigating the IRB & IRBNet at Lehman Tara M. Prairie Director of Responsible Research Practices Lehman College.

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Presentation on theme: "Navigating the IRB & IRBNet at Lehman Tara M. Prairie Director of Responsible Research Practices Lehman College."— Presentation transcript:

1 Navigating the IRB & IRBNet at Lehman Tara M. Prairie Director of Responsible Research Practices Lehman College

2 Overview Types of Review Training IRBNet Guiding Student Research Research NYC Department of Education

3 Types of Review Not Human Subjects Research Exempt Expedited Full/Convened Informed Consent

4 Not Human Subjects Research Research - A systematic investigation (the gathering and analysis of information) designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Human Subject - A living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains 1) data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or 2) identifiable private information.

5 Not Human Subjects Research Publicly available dataset that does NOT require special permissions. Data about living individuals from an existing data set, where identity cannot be readily ascertained or associated with data. Class project for a grade that will not be disseminated outside the classroom. Evaluation of a program for quality improvement with NO plans to publish

6 Not Human Subjects Research Evaluation of a program for quality improvement with NO plans to publish or present the results outside of CUNY. Data from death records or about non-living individuals. Limited to an analysis of a single case report where findings may or may not be generalized. Open-ended interviews that ONLY document a specific historical event or the experience of individuals without the intent to draw conclusions or generalize findings.

7 Exempt Review Does NOT mean you are exempt from IRB review. The PI must still submit a Request for Exemption. Exempt Review status means you are exempt from continuing review (annual review) Approved for three (3) years. Must resubmit request for exemption before 3 years is up.

8 Exempt Category 1 Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, such as (a) research on regular and special education instructional strategies or (b) research on the effectiveness of or the comparison among instructional techniques, curricula or classroom management methods.

9 Exempt Category 2 Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior, unless: a.information obtained is recorded in such a manner that subjects can be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects and b.any disclosure of the human subjects' responses outside the research could reasonably place the subjects at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects' financial standing, employability or reputation.

10 Exempt Category 2 The exemption at §46.101(b)(2) for research involving survey or interview procedures or observations of public behavior does not apply to research covered by Subpart D (minors), except for research involving observation of public behavior when the investigator(s) do not participate in the activities being observed.§46.101(b)(2)

11 Exempt Category 3 Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior that is not exempt under paragraph # 2 (above) if: a.The human subjects are elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office, or b.federal statute(s) require(s) without exception that the confidentiality of the personally identifiable information will be maintained throughout the research and thereafter.

12 Exempt Category 4 Research involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens or diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available OR the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that the subjects cannot be identified directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects.

13 Exempt Category 5 Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or subject to the approval of (federal) department or agency heads and which are designed to study, evaluate or otherwise examine: (a) public benefit or service programs, (b) procedures for obtaining benefits or services under those programs, (c) possible changes in or alternatives to those programs or procedures or (d) possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or services under those programs.

14 Exempt Category 6 Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance studies, if: a.wholesome foods without additives are consumed or b.if a food is consumed that contains a food ingredient at or below the level and for a use found to be safe, or agricultural chemical or environmental contaminant at or below the level found to be safe, by the FDA or approved by the EPA or the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S.D.A.

15 Expedited Category 1 Clinical studies of drugs and medical devices only when condition (a) or (b) is met. (a) Research on drugs for which an investigational new drug application (21 CFR Part 312) is not required. (Note: Research on marketed drugs that significantly increases the risks or decreases the acceptability of the risks associated with the use of the product is not eligible for expedited review.) (b)Research on medical devices for which (i) an investigational device exemption application (21 CFR Part 812) is not required; or (ii) the medical device is cleared/approved for marketing and the medical device is being used in accordance with its cleared/approved labeling.

16 Expedited Category 2 Collection of blood samples by finger stick, heel stick, ear stick, or venipuncture as follows: (a)from healthy, nonpregnant adults who weigh at least 110 pounds. For these subjects, the amounts drawn may not exceed 550 ml in an 8 week period and collection may not occur more frequently than 2 times per week; or (b)from other adults and children, considering the age, weight, and health of the subjects, the collection procedure, the amount of blood to be collected, and the frequency with which it will be collected. For these subjects, the amount drawn may not exceed the lesser of 50 ml or 3 ml per kg in an 8 week period and collection may not occur more frequently than 2 times per week.

17 Expedited Category 3 Prospective collection of biological specimens for research purposes by noninvasive means. Examples: (a) hair and nail clippings in a nondisfiguring manner; (b) deciduous teeth at time of exfoliation or if routine patient care indicates a need for extraction; (c) permanent teeth if routine patient care indicates a need for extraction; (d) excreta and external secretions (including sweat); (e) uncannulated saliva collected either in an unstimulated fashion or stimulated by chewing gumbase or wax or by applying a dilute citric solution to the tongue; (f) placenta removed at delivery; (g) amniotic fluid obtained at the time of rupture of the membrane prior to or during labor; (h) supra- and subgingival dental plaque and calculus, provided the collection procedure is not more invasive than routine prophylactic scaling of the teeth and the process is accomplished in accordance with accepted prophylactic techniques; (i) mucosal and skin cells collected by buccal scraping or swab, skin swab, or mouth washings; (j) sputum collected after saline mist nebulization.

18 Expedited Category 4 Collection of data through noninvasive procedures (not involving general anesthesia or sedation) routinely employed in clinical practice, excluding procedures involving x- rays or microwaves. Where medical devices are employed, they must be cleared/approved for marketing. (Studies intended to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the medical device are not generally eligible for expedited review, including studies of cleared medical devices for new indications.)

19 Expedited Category 4 Examples: (a) physical sensors that are applied either to the surface of the body or at a distance and do not involve input of significant amounts of energy into the subject or an invasion of the subjects privacy; (b) weighing or testing sensory acuity; (c) MRI; (d) ECG, EEG, thermography, detection of naturally occurring radioactivity, ERG, ultrasound, diagnostic infrared imaging, doppler blood flow, and echo; (e) moderate exercise, muscular strength testing, body composition assessment, and flexibility testing where appropriate given the age, weight, and health of the individual.

20 Expedited Category 5 Research involving materials (data, documents, records, or specimens) that have been collected, or will be collected solely for nonresearch purposes (such as medical treatment or diagnosis).

21 Expedited Category 6 Collection of data from voice, video, digital, or image recordings made for research purposes.

22 Expedited Category 7 Research on individual or group characteristics or behavior (including, but not limited to, research on perception, cognition, motivation, identity, language, communication, cultural beliefs or practices, and social behavior) or research employing survey, interview, oral history, focus group, program evaluation, human factors evaluation, or quality assurance methodologies.

23 Expedited Category 8 Continuing review of research previously approved by the convened IRB as follows: where (i) the research is permanently closed to the enrollment of new subjects; (ii) all subjects have completed all research-related interventions; and (iii) the research remains active only for long-term follow-up of subjects; or where no subjects have been enrolled and no additional risks have been identified; or where the remaining research activities are limited to data analysis.

24 Expedited Category 9 Continuing review of research, not conducted under an investigational new drug application or investigational device exemption where categories two (2) through eight (8) do not apply but the IRB has determined and documented at a convened meeting that the research involves no greater than minimal risk and no additional risks have been identified.

25 Full/Convened Review Research that cannot meet the criteria for exempt or expedited review must be submitted for full review. It can include: Vulnerable populations (when applicable) More than minimal risk (physical, psychological, social or economic).

26 Informed Consent Consent can be waived in certain instances. Under exempt review a Request for Waiver of Consent is not necessary.

27 Informed Consent A Request for Waiver of Consent can be filed for your expedited or convened study if it meets the following criteria: 1)The research involves no more than minimal risk to the subjects. 2)The waiver or alteration will not adversely affect the rights and welfare of the subjects. 3)The research could not practicably be carried out without the waiver or alteration. 4)Whenever appropriate, the subjects will be provided with additional pertinent information after participation.

28 A Request for Waiver of Consent CanNOT apply to: Research that involves non-viable neonates as subjects. Research that involves experimental subjects in DoD research. Pertinent research not regulated by the FDA.

29 Training 1.Conflict of Interest 2.Human Subjects 3.Responsible Conduct in Research

30 My office only needs: Human Subjects Research Certificate Make sure to take Behavioral and Social Research as an Investigator Take the refresher course every three years

31 Other Research Training: Dr. Alan Kluger = Research Integrity Officer = RCR Certificate for all faculty, staff & students conducting research. Dr. Robert Troy = Conflict of Interest Officer = COI Certificate for all funded research.

32 IRBNet 1.Registering 2.Uploading Training 3.Starting a IRB Application

33 IRBNet Registration Visit Click on “New Registration” in the top right corner. Post Registration can click on “Forgot Your Password?” Fill-out the registration form following the on- screen prompts. Note Lehman sometimes shows up as “Herbert H. Lehman”. You will receive an account validation from IRBNet, using the validation link provided, log into IRBNet.

34 Uploading CITI Training 1.Click “User Profile” (link at top of screen once logged in) and attach your CITI certificate by clicking “Add New Record”. 2.On the Training & Credentials Record page, select the document type from the drop-down menu. 3.Enter the date the certificate was effective. 4.Click “Browse” to locate the document that you plan to attach (once found click “Open”).

35 Uploading CITI Training 5.Next, click “Attach”. 6.You should now find yourself on the “User Profile” page. Submit your training certificate to the IRB by clicking “Submit” highlighted in blue text next to the document you just added.

36 Uploading CITI Training 7.You will now be on the “Submit Training & Credentials” page. Type in “Lehman” in the blank and click “Search”. 8.Once you locate your campus name click on it and then click “Continue”. 9.On the new page that opens, click “Submit”. 10. Your document has now been submitted.

37 Creating a new project in IRBNet 1.After logging in, click “Create New Project” on left side of the page. 2.Fill out the form per the on-screen prompts. Then click “Continue”. 3.You will now find yourself at the “Designer” page. 4.Click “Add New Document” (Located under Step 2 of the “Designer” page).

38 Creating a new project in IRBNet 5.On the “Attach Document” page, next to “On-Line Document” (bottom of the page), select “CUNY Application for Approval to use Human Subjects – Part I” and click “Add”. 6.The IRBNet Document Wizard will open and give you two options. You can clone information from previous applications or you create a new form by following the on-line prompts.

39 Creating a new project in IRBNet 7.Next under Step 1 of the “Designer” page, make sure next to “Select a Library” the option, “CUNY Institutional Review Board Office, New York, NY” is chosen. 8.From the “Select a Document” drop- down menu choose either “Request for Exemption” or “Submission Form – CUNY Initial Application Part II” for expedited & full review research and click “Download”.

40 Creating a new project in IRBNet 9.The “Select a Document” drop-down menu is also where you can access consent and assent (minors 7-17) templates and any Supplement Forms you may need per Part I. 10. Save the documents to your computer and fill them out so they can be uploaded into IRBNet by clicking “Add New Document” in the Designer.

41 Creating a new project in IRBNet 11.Documents are uploaded by selecting an “Attachment Type”, e.g. Adult Consent form. 12. Click “Browse” to locate the document that you plan to attach (once found click “Open” and then click “Attach.” 13.After your documents are attached to your package, you can also link your CITI training to your study by clicking, “link/unlink records.” 14.Then you “Sign” and “Submit” (on left side of screen) the package to be reviewed for approval.

42 Amending or Continuing a Study in IRBNet 1.After logging in, access your project from the “My Project” tab on the left of the screen. 2.Click on the title of the project. 3.Click “Add New Document” on the Designer page. 4.After clicking, “Add New Document” you will be taken to a page that informs you that the “Package is Locked”.

43 Amending or Continuing a Study in IRBNet 5.On the “Package is Locked” page, click “Create New Package”. 6.You will now be on the “Project History” page, where a red arrow will be visible next to the new package you created. 7.Click the title of the words “New Document Package” highlighted in Blue.

44 Amending or Continuing a Study in IRBNet 8.You will now be on the “Designer” page for the New Package you just created. 9.Under “Step 1” make sure “CUNY Institutional Review Board Office, New York, NY is next to “Select a Library”. 10. In the drop box for “Select a Document” choose either the Amendment Request and/or Continuing Review Request form.

45 Amending or Continuing a Study in IRBNet 11.Save the documents to your computer and fill them out so they can be uploaded into IRBNet by clicking “Add New Document” in the Designer. 12.Documents are uploaded by selecting an “Attachment Type”, e.g. Adult Consent form. 13.Make sure to upload any updated forms or blank consent forms to be stamped with updated approval dates.

46 Amending or Continuing a Study in IRBNet 14.Click “Browse” to locate the document that you plan to attach (once found click “Open” and then click “Attach.” 15.After your documents are attached to your package, you can also link your CITI training to your study by clicking, “link/unlink records.” 16.Then you “Sign” and “Submit” (on left side of screen) the package to be reviewed for approval.

47 IRB Review Please note, any requested revisions should be addressed in writing and uploaded into IRBNet along with any revised documents.

48 Guiding Student Research IRB Guidance for Faculty Advisors

49 Who Can Be an Advisor? Only faculty, may serve as faculty advisors. Adjuncts and graduate teaching assistants are ineligible.

50 Faculty Advisors Should: Be Informed. Contact the Office of Responsible Research Practices (x8960, Shuster 303, to discuss policy & procedures for obtaining IRB Review before initiation of research Familiarize yourself with institutional requirements for the conduct of human subjects research.

51 Faculty Advisors Should: Complete CITI Training. An updated certificate is expected to be attached to all student work.

52 Faculty Advisors Should: Assist students with protocol submission. When proposed activities constitute research with human subjects, it is the responsibility of the faculty advisor to assist students in preparing and reviewing materials to be submitted to the IRB.

53 Faculty Advisors Are: Responsible for reviewing the scientific integrity of the project, including evaluating the scientific rigor and merit of the study.

54 Faculty Advisors Should: Educate Students on the role of the CUNY IRB and the importance of research review. Students must complete the CITI training for human subjects & RCR before submitting an application to the IRB. I am also available to speak to classes.

55 Faculty Advisors Should: Maintain ethical standards. Faculty advisors ensure that projects are conducted in the highest ethical standards and that students understand and implement these ethical standards in the conduct of their research.

56 Faculty Advisors Should: Help students navigate the IRB Process. Faculty advisors should contact my office to determine what the requirements are for submission to the IRB and help students understand the CUNY IRB process.

57 Faculty Advisors Should: Take an active role in the IRB review process and assist students when presented with questions and comments from the IRB or my office.

58 Faculty Advisors Should: Oversee changes. Ensure that before a change is implemented to an approved protocol that it is approved by the IRB. All changes must be reviewed by the faculty mentor before submission to the IRB.

59 Faculty Advisors Should: Report any adverse events or other research related problems to my office as soon as possible. Tara Prairie X8960 Shuster 303

60 Faculty Advisors Should: Ensure that continuing review requirements are satisfied when applicable and ensure the study is closed at the conclusion of the study.

61 Faculty Advisors Should: Help students navigate research conducted in the NYC Department of Education. I am also available.

62 Guiding Student Research Research Conducted at the NYC Department of Education

63 NYC DOE IRB Calendar Complete proposals received by the submission deadline will be reviewed during the corresponding IRB meeting. Find calendar here: a/DataRequests a/DataRequests

64 NYC DOE IRB All research proposals must be submitted through the NYC Department of Education’s electronic submission platform, IRBManager. To log on to the system go to https://login.irbmanager.com and follow the instructions for creating a password (click here).https://login.irbmanager.comclick here

65 Who should submit a proposal to the NYC DOE IRB? Any person who wishes to conduct research at a school site or gather information on or from students or school staff must obtain written approval from the IRB.

66 Who should submit a proposal to the NYC DOE IRB? Graduate and undergraduate degree candidates, university faculty, independent researchers, and private and public agencies must all submit proposals before conducting research. This procedure applies even if the researcher is employed by the school system in another capacity (e.g., school administrators and teachers conducting research for graduate studies ).

67 NYC DOE IRB Continuing Review Please note that approval to conduct research is in effect for one year only. If the study is not completed within a year, the researcher must apply for a continuation.

68 NYC DOE IRB Continuing Review A continuation request should contain a copy of the original IRB approval letter and should detail any changes made to the previously approved research proposal, including changes to the original timeline, research participants yet to be recruited, copies of revised forms, letters and protocols and a summary of findings to date.

69 NYC DOE Data Requests If your research does not involve human subjects, and instead exclusively relies on the use of DOE data, you do not need to submit to the IRB. However, you must complete the data request process.

70 NYC DOE Data Requests The data request process begins when you submit a brief scope of work (4 page maximum) and a list of your data needs to

71 NYC DOE Data Requests The scope of work must include: 1.The organization conducting the evaluation or the institution the research is affiliated with A mailing address for the organization or researcher 2.A statement of the research objectives and the purpose of the study 3.The research hypotheses and methodology 4.A timeline that describes key research activities and an estimated completion time 5.A brief statement of the risks and benefits of the research 6.A description of how the data will be used and the intended audience(s) for the findings

72 NYC DOE Data Requests The scope of work must include: 7.A list of specific data needs, which must include the following: School Years needed Grade levels The population of data requested (an entire school, district, sample taken for a research project, etc.) 8.Justification of how each requested data element is connected to the research objectives 9.A detailed description of the data security plan to ensure protection of student information including but not limited to data encryption, security of the transmission process, and provisions to prevent unauthorized access. 10.An explicit timeline and description of how the data will be destroyed.

73 NYC DOE Data Requests PLEASE NOTE: If you are requesting identifiable student data (including name and student ID) or a combination of variables that could make the data identifiable (including a combination of values such as ethnicity, gender, and name of the school) as an external research, you must have parental consent. Data requests should include a final version of the consent form, an example of which is available here, for approval. Data requesters will also be required to submit electronic copies of all complete consent forms. here

74 Conclusion Working together we will promote the highest standard of integrity and ethics in research and scholarship.


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