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1 | Fuel Cell Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Overview Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium Elyria, OH Greg Kleen.

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Presentation on theme: "1 | Fuel Cell Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Overview Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium Elyria, OH Greg Kleen."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 | Fuel Cell Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Overview Ohio Fuel Cell Symposium Elyria, OH Greg Kleen Education and Outreach Lead Fuel Cell Technologies Office U.S. Department of Energy 6/11/2014

2 2 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Including stationary power Vehicles Bioenergy - EERE Technology Offices National Energy Goals & Climate Action Plan Reduce net oil imports by 50% by 2020, compared to 2008 Reduce GHG emissions >80% below 2005 levels by 2050 Efficiency Improvement Fuel Diversification Domestic & Renewable Sources Reduced GHG “All of the Above” for Sustainable Transportation

3 3 | Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide Investment & Interest Are Strong and Growing Interest in fuel cells and hydrogen is global, with more than $1 billion in public investment in RD&D annually. Worldwide fuel cell markets continue to grow (~30,000 units shipped in 2012; ~35% increase over 2011) Sources: Navigant Research, DOE Fuel Cells Market Report

4 4 | Fuel Cell Technologies Clean Energy Patent Growth Index [1] shows growth in all clean energy technology patents More than 1,000 fuel cell patents issued in 2012 Overview Fuel Cells – An Emerging Global Industry [1] Top 10 companies for fuel cell patents: GM, Honda, Toyota, Samsung, UTC Power, Nissan, Ballard, Panasonic, Plug Power, Delphi Technologies Source: Clean Energy Patent Growth Index

5 5 | Fuel Cell Technologies Fuel cells in the spotlight- examples President Obama inspects a fuel cartridge while at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology. Business case is emerging for fuel cell forklifts and ground support equipment

6 6 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen fuel cell powers lights at entertainment industry events Hydrogen fuel cell powers remote camera at NASCAR event Fuel cells in the spotlight- examples

7 7 | Fuel Cell Technologies Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles at U.S. Auto Shows FCEVs on display at North American auto shows. Toyota Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Honda Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle To be launched in California in Summer 2014—lease includes free H 2 and maintenance.

8 8 | Fuel Cell Technologies DOE R&D Reduces cost and improves performance DOE R&D Reduces cost and improves performance  Reduced cost of fuel cells 50% since 2006  2020 target $40/kW, ultimate target $30/kW Target: $30/kW Status: $55/kW (high vol) DOE Program: RD&D to Deployments DOE Demonstrations & Technology Validation DOE Demonstrations & Technology Validation Validate advanced technologies under real- world conditions Feedback guides R&D Examples—validated: 59% efficiency 254 mile range (independently validated 430-mile range) 75,000-mi durability Program also includes enabling activities such as codes & standards, analysis, and education. Transportation Fuel Cell System Cost - projected to high-volume (500,000 units per year) -  Reduced cost of electrolyzer stacks 60% since 2007 Examples of progress: Deployments DOE Recovery Act and Market Transformation Projects Government Early Adoption (DoD, FAA, California, etc.) Tax Credits: 1603, 48C Nearly 1,600 fuel cells deployed Recovery Act & Market Transformation Deployments Demonstrated >180 FCEVs, 25 stations, 3.6 million miles traveled Demonstrated world’s first tri-gen* station (250 kW fuel cell on biogas, 100 kg/d of H 2 ) *Stationary fuel cell providing heat, hydrogen, and power.

9 9 | Fuel Cell Technologies Projected high- volume cost of fuel cells has been reduced to $55/kW (2013)* More than 30% reduction since 2008 More than 50% reduction since 2006 *Based on projection to high-volume manufacturing (500,000 units/year) and assuming Pt price is $1,500/troy ounce. The projected cost status is based on an analysis of state-of-the-art components that have been developed and demonstrated through the DOE Program at the laboratory scale. Additional efforts would be needed for integration of components into a complete automotive system that meets durability requirements in real-world conditions. Fuel Cell Cost Reduction

10 10 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen Production - Strategies Technology Readiness of DOE Funded Production Pathways Estimated Plant Capacity (kg/day) 100,000 50,000 Up to 1,500 ≥500,000 P&D Subprogram R&D efforts successfully concluded FE, NE: R&D efforts in DOE Offices of Fossil and Nuclear Energy, respectively Today Natural Gas Reforming Distributed Central Natural Gas Reforming Biomass Gasification Bio-derived liquids Electrolysis (Grid) Coal Gasification With CCS Electrolysis (wind) High-temp Electrolysis PEC STCH Photo- biological FE NE Electrolysis (solar) solar pathways- longer term solar pathways- longer term Fermentation Biomass pathways – mid term Biomass pathways – mid term Established Industrial Process

11 11 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen Production Strategies Goal: Develop technologies to produce hydrogen from clean, domestic resources at a delivered and dispensed cost of $2- $4/gge H 2 Projected High-Volume Cost of Hydrogen Production for Different Pathways Cost ranges are shown in 2007 dollars, based on projections from H2A analyses, and reflect variability in major feedstock pricing and a bounded range for capital cost estimates. Projections of costs assume Nth-plant construction, distributed station capacities of 1,500 kg/day, and centralized station capacities of ≥50,000 kg/day.

12 12 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen Delivery Station costs dominate delivery costs—key focus area. Delivery Focus Identify cost drivers for H 2 delivery in early market applications Evaluate options to improve station compressor reliability Investigate the role of higher- pressure tube trailers in reducing station costs * Details for the high volume cost projection assumptions can be found in Record **Based on HDSAM (v2.3) analysis assuming 10% market penetration in a city with a population of 1.5M and 2011 technology Refueling Station Cost Breakdown** The use of 350 bar tube trailers has led to lower station costs, however they still account for >50% of the total projected delivery cost. *

13 13 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen Storage * Included in President’s Materials Genome Initiative, Launched open source database* on Hydrogen Storage Materials Properties ( ( Start Time to Full Flow (-20°C) Wells-to-Power Plant Efficiency Cost reduction Cost Reduction for Hydrogen Adsorption Systems Strategic Analysis 3X increase in tensile strength demonstrated in C-fiber from melt-spun PAN precursor (ORNL)

14 14 | Fuel Cell Technologies Enabling Early Markets Deployments help catalyze market penetration and ensure continued technology utilization growth while providing data and lessons learned. Leveraging DOE Funds: Government as “catalyst” for market success of emerging technologies. Lift Trucks BU Power Backup Power Lift Trucks DOE cost-shared deployments led to >5X additional purchases and orders. ~9,000 ADDITIONAL FUEL CELL LIFT TRUCKS AND BACKUP POWER UNITS PLANNED OR INSTALLED with NO DOE funding Examples of industry* sectors in DOE ARRA projects Telecommunications (e.g. AT&T, PG&E. Sprint, etc.) Distribution Centers/Warehouses (e.g. FedEx, Genco, Sysco, Wegmans, Whole Foods, etc.) *Provided as examples and not intended as endorsement

15 15 | Fuel Cell Technologies FCEVs and Fuel Cell Buses > 560 vehicles in operation since 1999 — ~230 currently operating > 6 million miles driven > 1 million passengers on fuel cell buses H 2 Station Investment $51.5M invested (CARB and CEC) ~$13M invested by SCAQMD ~$29.9M available (CEC PON ) $20M planned for 14/15 (CEC) $20M annually thru 2023 for at least 100 stations (AB8) Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Initiatives at the State Level Several states—including California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Ohio, New York, and South Carolina—have major hydrogen and fuel cell programs underway. California Agreement signed by 12 stakeholders—including GM, utilities, hydrogen providers, DOD, DOE—to establish hydrogen as a major part of the solution to Hawaii’s energy challenges. 15 GM FCEVs currently in demonstrations with military Hawaii Northeast (e.g. MA, NY, CT) Preliminary Plans: 3 phase plan modelled by CCAT for the development of hydrogen infrastructure and deployment of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) in the north eastern coastal metro centers. Renewable hydrogen (from geothermal and wind energy) will be used for buses Goals include a public access nascent refueling infrastructure on Oahu by 2015 to support initial deployments of government and industry FCEV fleets Hydrogen Stations in Planning / Development Stage - OAHU 8 states sign MoU to put 3.3M zero- emission vehicles on roads by 2025 States include California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, & Vermont Represents a new vehicle market penetration of ~15% DRAFT

16 16 | Fuel Cell Technologies Mission: To promote the commercial introduction and widespread adoption of FCEVs across America through creation of a public-private partnership to overcome the hurdle of establishing hydrogen infrastructure. Co-Launched Public-Private Partnership Current partners include (additional in process):

17 17 | Fuel Cell Technologies Future Directions- Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) Future directions include increased cross-cutting activities and collaboration such as through DOE’s new national asset for energy systems integration research, development, and testing

18 18 | Fuel Cell Technologies Hydrogen Safety Examples: Piping (36) Valve (36) Flexible Tubing (8) Gasket (6) Bolts (6) Safety Information helps guide R&D. It is critical to collect and disseminate relevant information. Trained > 26,000 first- responders and code officials on hydrogen safety and permitting through on-line and in- classroom courses Trained > 26,000 first- responders and code officials on hydrogen safety and permitting through on-line and in- classroom courses Two Looks at 210 Lessons Learned Events in "" Announced by the U.S. Department of Energy September 2013 Announced by the U.S. Department of Energy September 2013

19 19 | Fuel Cell Technologies FCTO Newsletter Visit FCTO’s website at Sign up for the monthly newsletter at

20 20 | Fuel Cell Technologies FCTO Webinars Check out the most recent webinars at

21 21 | Fuel Cell Technologies Energy 101: Fuel Cells See Google+ Hangout discussion at:

22 22 | Fuel Cell Technologies Annual Merit Review - Upcoming Dates June 16-20, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, Arlington, VA June 6-10, Washington, D.C. June 5-9, Washington, D.C. Annual Merit Review - Upcoming Dates June 16-20, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, Arlington, VA June 6-10, Washington, D.C. June 5-9, Washington, D.C. Key Reports Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Program By PNNL, The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings By FuelCells2000, See report: State of the States 2013: Fuel Cells in America By FuelCells2000, See report: 013.pdf

23 23 | Fuel Cell Technologies Continue to promote and strengthen R&D activities –Hydrogen, fuel cells, safety, manufacturing, etc. –Cost, performance, durability need to be addressed Conduct strategic, selective demonstrations of innovative technologies –Industry cost share and potential to accelerate market transformation Continue to conduct key analyses to guide RD&D and path forward –Life cycle cost; economic & environmental analyses, etc. Leverage activities to maximize impact –U.S. and global partnerships –H2USA: Public-Private partnership to enable widespread commercialization of hydrogen vehicles in the United States Future Plans - Summary

24 24 | Fuel Cell Technologies Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations – Fuel Cell Technologies Program Source: US DOE 12/2010

25 25 | Fuel Cell Technologies Thank You

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