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Coal Gasification The Texas FutureGen Project Presented by Kristen Williamson ChE 379 Fall 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Coal Gasification The Texas FutureGen Project Presented by Kristen Williamson ChE 379 Fall 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Coal Gasification The Texas FutureGen Project Presented by Kristen Williamson ChE 379 Fall 2008

2 FutureGen Background Coal  Hydrogen + Electricity by-product  CO 2 sequestration $1.5 billion research initiative funded by Department of Energy and FutureGen Alliance $1.5 billion research initiative funded by Department of Energy and FutureGen Alliance 275 MW equivalent output (electricity and hydrogen) 275 MW equivalent output (electricity and hydrogen) 1 million metric tons CO 2 1 million metric tons CO 2 Final project site chosen end of 2007 Final project site chosen end of 2007 Odessa, TX Odessa, TX Jewett, TX Jewett, TX Tuscola, IL Tuscola, IL Mattoon, IL Mattoon, IL

3 Why Electricity? Source: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2006

4 Why Coal? Source: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2006

5 Why Coal? Source: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2006

6 Why FutureGen? U.S. CO 2 Emissions Source: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2006

7 Texas Site Overview

8 CO 2 Sequestration Infrastructure https://www.npms.phmsa.dot.gov

9 FutureGen Plant Schematic SyngasH2H2

10 Water Gas Shift Reactor Feed: Syngas and excess steam Feed: Syngas and excess steam CO + H 2 0  CO 2 + H 2 COS + H 2 0  CO 2 +H 2 S HCN + H 2 0  CO + NH 3 Three reactors in series Three reactors in series First two at high temperatures for fast conversion First two at high temperatures for fast conversion Third at lower temperature for higher equilibrium conversion Third at lower temperature for higher equilibrium conversion

11 FutureGen Plant Schematic SyngasH2H2

12 Implementing New Technologies Advanced Gasification Advanced Gasification Transport Gasifier in oxygen-blown mode Transport Gasifier in oxygen-blown mode Oxygen Separation Oxygen Separation Advanced ion transport membranes Advanced ion transport membranes Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Production Membrane separation from CO 2 Membrane separation from CO 2 Gas Cleanup Gas Cleanup Remove sulfur, mercury, chlorides, ammonia Remove sulfur, mercury, chlorides, ammonia Hydrogen Turbines Hydrogen Turbines Fuel Cells Fuel Cells

13 Implementing New Technologies Carbon Sequestration Carbon Sequestration Capture Capture Transport Transport Storage Storage Monitoring Monitoring Infrastructure Infrastructure

14 The End

15 Resources Bonsu, Alexander K., et al. Impact of CO2 Capture on Transport Gasifier IGCC Power Plant. Power Systems Development Facility Nov Bonsu, Alexander K., et al. Impact of CO2 Capture on Transport Gasifier IGCC Power Plant. Power Systems Development Facility Nov Congress. Congress Research Service. Carbon Dioxide Pipelines for Carbon Sequestration: Emerging Policy Issues. By Paul W. Parfomak and Peter Folger. 19 Apr Nov Congress. Congress Research Service. Carbon Dioxide Pipelines for Carbon Sequestration: Emerging Policy Issues. By Paul W. Parfomak and Peter Folger. 19 Apr Nov Department of Energy. FutureGen Integrated Hydrogen, Electric Power Production, and Carbon Sequestration Research Initiative. Mar Office of Fossil Energy. 18 Nov Department of Energy. FutureGen Integrated Hydrogen, Electric Power Production, and Carbon Sequestration Research Initiative. Mar Office of Fossil Energy. 18 Nov Energy Information Agency. “Texas.” State Coal Profiles. By Eugene R. Slatick, et al Nov Energy Information Agency. “Texas.” State Coal Profiles. By Eugene R. Slatick, et al Nov Energy Information Administration. Anual Energy Review June Department of Energy. 19 Nov Energy Information Administration. Anual Energy Review June Department of Energy. 19 Nov FutureGen Model. Chart. Process Systems Enterprise Limited. 18 Nov FutureGen Model. Chart. Process Systems Enterprise Limited. 18 Nov “FutureGen Technology Overview.” FutureGen Alliance. Department of Energy. 18 Nov “FutureGen Technology Overview.” FutureGen Alliance. Department of Energy. 18 Nov Haurwitz, Ralph K.M. “UT awarded $38 million to study carbon dioxide storage.” Austin American Statesman 26 Oct Nov Haurwitz, Ralph K.M. “UT awarded $38 million to study carbon dioxide storage.” Austin American Statesman 26 Oct Nov Texas Coal Resources. Map. Texas Railroad Commission. 18 Nov Texas Coal Resources. Map. Texas Railroad Commission. 18 Nov Texas Railroad Commission. Center for Energy and Economic Development. Coal-Based Energy in Texas, Past, Present, and Future. 19 Nov Texas Railroad Commission. Center for Energy and Economic Development. Coal-Based Energy in Texas, Past, Present, and Future. 19 Nov


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