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Dave Corbus, Dan Prascher Presentation at the 24 th ASME Wind Energy Symposium January 10-13, 2005 Analysis and Comparison of Test Results from the Small.

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Presentation on theme: "Dave Corbus, Dan Prascher Presentation at the 24 th ASME Wind Energy Symposium January 10-13, 2005 Analysis and Comparison of Test Results from the Small."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dave Corbus, Dan Prascher Presentation at the 24 th ASME Wind Energy Symposium January 10-13, 2005 Analysis and Comparison of Test Results from the Small Wind Research Turbine (SWRT) Test Project

2 2 SWRT Project SWRT Test Background SWRT Test Supply data for model validation of small furling wind turbines Increase understanding of furling and small wind turbine dynamics Further state-of-the- art test procedures for small wind turbines

3 3 SWRT Project SWRT Testing and Model Development SWRT Test Three different turbine configurations tested Most comprehensive small turbine test Upgrade FAST model to include furling Perform model comparisons between SWRT FAST and ADAMS models and FAST and SWRT Models often break down more for small turbine conditions In and out of stall more More yawed flow conditions Dynamically active turbine

4 4 SWRT Project SWRT Test Description Yaw slip rings and encoder Furl Sensor Sonic anemometer junction box Shaft sensor Flap and edge blade strain gages Tower leg load cell “washers” Rotor slip ring, encoder, and amplifiers

5 5 SWRT Project SWRT shaft sensor - first accurate small turbine thrust measurements

6 6 SWRT Project Shaft Sensor  Measures Shaft 0/90 bending, torque, thrust on fixed frame  4 by 4 cross-talk matrix  Critical path load is the shaft bending from gyroscopic loads –During high yaw rate events and high rpm

7 7 SWRT Project Pre-testing Turbine Characterization Data for modeling included: –Tail assembly and main frame: Weight, Cg, bi- filar, moment of inertia about yaw axis –Magnet can Cg and moment of inertia –Tail damper properties –Exact turbine geometries –Blade modal test

8 8 SWRT Project Data Analysis – Edge Correction 3 edge summation in-plane did not equal torque –About 3-5x higher due to centrifugal loading! But slow rolls validate calibrations –Moment arm created Blade Cg minus centerline of rotation Difference in edge gage neutral axis and blade Cg

9 9 SWRT Project Moment Arm for Edge Correction

10 10 SWRT Project Edge Corrected by Unloaded Correlation

11 11 SWRT Project Max and Mean Furl vs. Mean Wind Speed

12 12 SWRT Project Yaw Rate vs. Mean Wind Speed

13 13 SWRT Project Electrical Power vs. Mean Wind Speed

14 14 SWRT Project Rotor Speed vs. Mean Wind Speed

15 15 SWRT Project Thrust vs. Mean Wind Speed

16 16 SWRT Project Furl vs. Thrust

17 17 SWRT Project SWRT Furling Event – Time Series Plot

18 18 SWRT Project Furling and Center of Thrust

19 19 SWRT Project SWRT Test Configurations  All configurations tested with inverter load –Total of minute records  A few resistor load files taken for each configuration –Some scatter in rpm- torque curve from inverter controller hysteresis SWRT Configuration ABC Airfoil SH3052 SH3055 Lateral shim 4 degree none Swept Area/Rotor Diameter 26.4 m 2 / 5.8 m 35.3m 2 / 6.7 m Blade pitch

20 20 SWRT Project Furl vs. Wind Speed for Different Configurations

21 21 SWRT Project Thrust vs. Wind Speed for Different Configurations

22 22 SWRT Project Ratio of Tail/Met Wind Speed vs. Wind Speed

23 23 SWRT Project Power/Thrust Ratio for Configurations A and C

24 24 SWRT Project Power vs. Wind Speed for Configuration A and C

25 25 SWRT Project Shaft tilt moment vs. wind speed for different configurations

26 26 SWRT Project Shaft yaw moment vs. wind speed for different configurations

27 27 SWRT Project Furling and Inflow  Use sonic anemometer and meteorological data  Correlate inflow parameters and furling  Shows significance of vertical wind component and coherent turbulent kinetic energy

28 28 SWRT Project Furling and Richardson Number

29 29 SWRT Project - CoTKE and vertical gust variance for two files with same wind speed and different furl

30 30 SWRT Project SWRT Summary  Most comprehensive small turbine test data set  Better understanding of small wind turbine dynamic behavior, including thrust and furling  SWRT test data and modeling effort will help make furling design efforts for small wind turbines easier, but furling remains a challenge!  Better test procedures for small turbine testing  Inflow analysis shows effects of turbulence  Data will be available on NREL Website and final technical report available soon  SWRT FAST modeling results presented tomorrow morning


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