2Vocabulary Dictator- a ruler who has complete power over a country Isolationist- country who wants to stay out of the affairs of other countriesP.O.W.- Prisoner of warNazi- claimed German nation represented most racially pure people. Jewish nation was greatest threat to German race.Swastika-Until the Nazis used this symbol, the swastika was used by many cultures throughout the past 3,000 years to represent life, sun, power, strength, and good luck. China, England, Germany, Greece, and India have used the symbol as many as 3,000 years ago. In 1920, Adolf Hitler decided that the Nazi Party needed its own insignia and flag. For Hitler, the new flag had to be "a symbol of our own struggle" as well as "highly effective as a poster." After Nazi Germany the swastika became a symbol of death and hatred
3Start of WWII September 1, 1939, Germany invades Poland. Hitler (Germany) was trying to take back land they lost to Poland after WWI.France and Great Britain declare war on Germany on September 3, 1939.***France and Great Britain had a treaty with Poland to help defend the country if its independence was ever threatened.
4Pearl HarborAmerican naval base in Hawaii in which Japan launched a surprise attack onDecember 7, 1941More than 3,400 people died or suffered wounds in the attack.The attack brought the U.S. into World War II.*The U.S. Neutrality Act of 1937 prohibited the U.S. from selling guns and ammo to countries at war. It also prohibited the U.S. from loaning money to countries at war. However in 1939 FDR got Congress to ease the restrictions, knowing that Europe was in imminent danger from Nazi Germany. This angered Japan, who was part of the Axis powers with Germany and Italy.
8Adolf HitlerNazi dictator of Germany who committed suicide at the end of the war.Leader of the Holocaust.German dictator, leader of the Holocaust--The Nazis targeted Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Communists, twins, and the disabled. Some of these people tried to hide from the Nazis, like Anne Frank and her family. A few were successful; most were not. Those that were captured suffered sterilization, forced resettlement, separation from family and friends, beatings, torture, starvation, and/or death—and he started WWII
9Benito Mussolini Fascist’s Party leader who became dictator of Italy. Was captured and executed in April 1945.Had and alliance with Germany and Japan. He also believed after Germany had conquered so much land that they would win the war and wanted to be on the victorious side.
10Hideki TojoPrime Minister of Japan who ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor.Was executed for his responsibility in Japan’s war crimes.Did not like that the U.S. was willing to sell guns and ammo to France and Great Britian
11Allied PowersU.S., Great Britain, France, Russia, and China
12Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain. Took an early stance against Germany and the rise of the Nazi party.He early on took a stance that was against Germany and the rise of the Nazi party. Became Prime Minister at the onset of WWII.
13Joseph Stalin Communist dictator of Russia. Early on Russia (USSR) and Germany signed a treaty agreeing not to go to war with each other. After Germany broke this treaty in 1941 Stalin joined the Allies.Early on Russia (USSR) and Germany signed a treaty agreeing not to go to war with each other. After Germany broke this treaty in 1941 Russian and Stalin joined the Allies.
14Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) President of the U.S. during WWII.32nd President of the U.S.Only president to serve more than two terms in office.Elected to four terms, but passed away in the first year of fourth term.
1522nd Amendment (1951) Set the term limits for the President of U.S. Can serve no more than 2 terms and no more than 10 years total.
16Harry S. TrumanFDR’s vice-president who became president in April 1945 when FDR passed away.
17Texans in WWIIMore than 750,000 Texans served in war including 12,000 women.22,000 Texans died40 P.O.W. camps with more than 50,000 prisoners - more than any other state15 major military bases and 40 airfields.Naval flight-training base in Corpus Christi was the largest in the world.
18Texas and WWIITexans at home rationed (cut back) items such as food, shoes, and gasoline to support American soldiers.The Texas economy moved toward industralization during the WWII era.Urban areas grew during World War II due to an increas in industrial jobs.
19Doris (Dorie) Miller First African American hero of WWII. Born in Waco, TXFirst African American hero of WWII.Sailor on the U.S.S. West Virginia at Pearl Harbor.Fired at the Japanese aircrafts as they attacked Pearl Harbor until his ship sunk.Was later killed in action.
20Oveta Culp Hobby Born in Killeen, TX Was the organizer and first commander of the Women’s Army Corps.Women’s Army Corps- Put women in positions to serve in the Army.
21Chester Nimitz Born in Fredericksburg, TX Commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet.In 1942, he led the Allies to victories in the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway.
22Audie Murphy Born in Farmersville, TX Most decorated soldier in WWII with 33 awards.Received every U.S. medal awarded for personal bravery.
23Dwight D. Eisenhower Born in Denison, TX Military leader during WWII Supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe.Under his command, the Allies successfully invaded France on D-day in June His forces defeated Germany.France had been captured by Germany.
24D-Day Turning point of war. Marked the beginning of the Allied invasion of western Europe.The Allies invaded German occupied France on June 6, 1944, along the beaches of Normandy, France.
33WWII OverEnded on September 2, 1945, with Japan signing surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.Adolph Hitler committed suicide, prompting Germany to surrender in May. Japan surrendered after the U.S. dropped that atomic bombs.Over million soldiers killed.Between million people killed during WWII.Adolph Hitler committed suicide, prompting Germany to surrender. Japan surrendered after the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs.
34Texas after WWIIMany Texans moved from rural areas to cities (urban) during the war to take industrial jobs.People from other countries and states and soldiers returning from the war also moved to cities in Texas.TX changed from a rural state to an urban society.The TX economy used to be dominated by farming and oil.TX started to change to large industries.