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Prepared January 31, 2014 United States Department of Agriculture Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services Surveillance, Preparedness.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared January 31, 2014 United States Department of Agriculture Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services Surveillance, Preparedness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared January 31, 2014 United States Department of Agriculture Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Veterinary Services Surveillance, Preparedness and Response Services Sheep and Goat Health Center Fiscal Year 2013 Report October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2013 National Scrapie Eradication Program

2 This presentation has hyperlinks for navigation. Text in blue is a hyperlink to the slide or website being discussed. Additionally, there are action buttons on each page: Return to the last slide viewed Return to 1 st page of the Introduction Please note the following: The links and action buttons only work when the presentation is viewed in slide show mode The links have greater reliability if only 1 monitor is in use The links may not have the same functionality if viewed using PowerPoint 2003 or earlier The links may become “frozen” if the viewer navigates through the presentation quickly; if this happens, return to the first slide and begin again to reset A Note on Navigation

3 The National Scrapie Eradication Program focuses on seven primary areas: Education and prevention Animal identification and compliance Surveillance [Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance (RSSS) and on-farm] Tracing and testing positive and exposed animals Cleanup of infected and source flocks through genetic susceptibility testing and indemnification of susceptible exposed animals Monitoring of previously infected and exposed flocks The Scrapie Free Flock Certification Program (SFCP) Program Update As of September 30, 2013, the percent of cull sheep found positive at slaughter and adjusted for face color was percent (Chart 1). This measure of prevalence has decreased by 90 percent since slaughter surveillance started in FY The scrapie program is now in the “tail end” of the eradication process with few animals found positive during slaughter sampling and the annual variation in the number of animals found positive between years falls within the error of the measurement, given the sample size and 95% confidence limits. As a result there is no statistically significant change in the annual detection rate of scrapie between FY 2012 and 2013 in slaughtered animals. Introduction

4 Scrapie Surveillance Initiative During the summer of 2013, an outreach program was initiated that focused on producers and accredited veterinarians. The regulatory scrapie slaughter surveillance (RSSS) program misses sheep and goats that are found dead or euthanized on the farm. The outreach effort provided information to producers and accredited veterinarians on collection and submission of samples from dead or euthanized sheep/goats over 18 months of age. More information is available at the APHIS Scrapie Website State Scrapie Sampling Minimums The National Scrapie Eradication Program establishes annual sheep sampling minimums for each state, and tracks the States’ level of compliance with meeting these minimums. These state minimums were implemented in FY 2010 to ensure adequate geographical representation, so that APHIS can find the last remaining cases and document freedom from scrapie. State sampling minimums are established based on the population demographics of mature sheep in each State. Since FY2011, the program has also proposed annual state sampling minimums for goats. Calculation used to derive the sampling minimums is described in the National Scrapie Surveillance Plan. The plan can be viewed and downloaded from the APHIS scrapie website: National Scrapie Surveillance Plan The percentage of the sampling minimum for sheep and for goats that was achieved by each state in FY 2013 is depicted in Figures 1 and 1a, respectively; a State’s percentage is based on the total number of sheep and total number of goats sampled through Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance (RSSS) and on-farm surveillance. Surveillance

5 Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance (RSSS) RSSS started April 1, It is a targeted slaughter surveillance program which is designed to identify infected flocks. Samples have been collected from 397,912 animals since April 1, There have been 469 NVSL confirmed positive animals (461 classical cases and 8 Nor98-like cases) since the beginning of RSSS. 43,228 samples were collected in FY 2013, 7,563 of which were from goats. Collection site locations and the states that comprise the Eastern and Western Regions are shown in Figure 2. The number of animals collected for FY 2013 by month and by region where collected is shown in Chart 3. A monthly comparison of RSSS collections by fiscal year is displayed in Chart 4. Chart 5 depicts RSSS collections by region of collection and by region of eartag origination from FY 2003 through FY Percent of RSSS samples collected by face color and species from FY 2003 through FY 2013 is plotted in Chart 6. The map in Figure 3 shows RSSS sampling by state of collection; Figure 4 shows RSSS sampling by state of origination (application). Six black-faced, 1 mottled-faced (greater than 40% black), and 1 white-faced sheep tested positive for scrapie in FY The distribution of positive cases by state of tag origination (application) is depicted in Figure 5. Chart 7 and Chart 8 show the percent of samples that have tested positive for each face color from FY 2003 through 2013; Chart 1 shows the percent of cull sheep found positive at slaughter and adjusted for face color. Positive animals from the same flock and Nor98-like cases are not included in these charts. A retrospective 6 month rolling average of the percent positive, black- faced sheep sampled at RSSS collections sites is shown in Chart 9. Success in tracing RSSS positive animals to flock of origin is shown in Chart 10. Changes in traceability are not statistically significant due to the small numbers of cases. Surveillance

6 On-Farm Surveillance Testing of animals in the field has always been part of scrapie surveillance (regulatory field cases and live-animal testing). As the National Scrapie Eradication Program moves closer towards meeting the goal of identifying the last remaining cases of classical scrapie by 2017, finding and testing all sheep and goats meeting targeted sampling criteria is even more important. 1,363 sheep and 722 goats were tested on-farm for FY Through trace-forward investigations and flock clean-up plans, three black-faced, one mottled-faced, and three white-faced sheep tested positive in FY One Nor98-like case was diagnosed in September 2013, but this is not included in the total number of positives. Three clinical suspect goats tested positive. Two were meat-type twin goats residing in the same herd in Maryland. The other was a Nigerian dwarf goat from Arizona confirmed positive in July. The number of animals tested on-farm by month and by species for FY 2013 is shown in Chart 11. Total Animals Sampled for Scrapie Testing 45,313 animals were sampled for scrapie testing in FY 2013: 43,228 RSSS samples and 2,085 on-farm samples [includes regulatory testing (necropsy and live-animal) and on-farm surveillance] (Chart 12); Of which 37,028 were sheep and 8,285 were goats. Distribution of sampling by type (RSSS or on-farm) and by species is shown in Chart 13. Surveillance

7 Positive Cases and New Infected/Source Flocks In FY 2013, 18 cases of classical scrapie (eight through RSSS and ten through on-farm surveillance) and 1 Nor98-like case were confirmed by the National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (Table 1 and Figure 6). As of September 30, 2013, the number of confirmed positive cases in goats since FY 2002 is 34; the most recent case was a Nigerian dwarf goat, confirmed positive in July 2013 (Figure 7). Field cases are positive animals that were tested as part of a disease investigation including potentially exposed, exposed and suspect animals, and other animals sampled on-farm. Infected and Source Flocks At the beginning of FY 2013, there were 3 flocks with open infected or source statuses (Table 2 and Figure 8). During the year, 8 new source flocks and 3 new infected flocks were reported (Figure 9) and 8 flocks completed a clean-up plan and were released (Figure 10). As of September 30, 2013, 6 scrapie-infected and source flocks had open statuses (Figure 11). The ratio of infected and source flocks released to newly identified infected and source flocks for FY 2013 = 1 : 1.4. New infected and source statuses from FY 1997 to FY 2013 are shown in Chart 2. Indemnity Approximately 396 sheep and goats were indemnified in FY A breakdown by species and registration status is depicted on Chart 14. The average cost for indemnity and disposal was approximately $186 per animal. Positive Cases and Infected/Source Flocks

8 Scrapie Flock Certification Program At the end of the FY, there were 1,049 flocks enrolled in the SFCP—500 complete monitored, 439 certified, 61 export monitored, 13 export certified, and 36 selective monitored (Figure 12). SFCP open statuses by fiscal year from FY 1997 to FY 2013 are depicted in Chart 15. A new revision of the SFCP Standards was published June 20, The objectives of the revision were to increase surveillance in SFCP flocks and reduce costs associated with flock inspections, while providing a mechanism for flocks to become export certified. The “Complete Monitored” category was eliminated. Flocks with “Complete Monitored” and “Certified” status had the option of converting to the “Export” category or “Select” category by November 18, The revised SFCP Standards can be viewed at or downloaded from the APHIS scrapie website: SFCP Standards Sheep and Goat Premises in Scrapie Database Compared to NASS 2007 Census Data Figure 13 and Figure 14 are maps showing the percent of sheep and goat flocks/herds by state that have been assigned premises/flock identification numbers in the scrapie database. This report is based on information and test results available at the time of report generation. Numbers are subject to change due to later reporting of test results and updates in the database. Scrapie Flock Certification Program

9 Adjusted to exclude multiple positive animals from the same flock. Does not include Nor98-like scrapie cases found through RSSS (2 in FY 2007, 1 in FY 2008, 4 in FY 2010, and 1 in FY 2011). (Chart 1) Percent of RSSS Samples that Tested Positive for Classical Scrapie Weighted by Face Color Fiscal Years 2003 to 2013

10 (Chart 2) Infected and Source Flocks New Statuses by Year Fiscal Years 1997 to 2013

11 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS INIL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL ≤ 20% % % % % > 100% (Figure 1) Percent of Sampling Minimum Achieved in FY 2013—RSSS and On-farm Surveillance—Sheep

12 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS INIL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL * Proposed sampling minimums for goats. ≤ 20% % % % % > 100% (Figure 1a) Percent of Sampling Minimum Achieved in FY 2013—RSSS and On-farm Surveillance—Goats*

13 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS INIL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL West East ( Figure 2) States with RSSS collection sites RSSS Sample Collections FY collection sites in 39 states & sent to 12 laboratories

14 (Chart 3) Slaughter Surveillance Samples Collected by Month, VS Region Where Collected, and Total FY 2013 Month

15 (Chart 4) Slaughter Surveillance Samples Collected by Month Fiscal Years 2009 to 2013 Month

16 Percent RSSS Samples FY (Chart 5) By Region of Sample CollectionBy Region of Eartag Origination

17 Surveillance Samples Collected at Slaughter FY * Other Sheep: hair sheep, and those with gray, red, brown, or unknown face color. (Chart 6)

18 (Figure 3) Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance Number of Samples Collected, FY 2013 BY STATE OF COLLECTION

19 (Figure 4) Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance Number of Samples Collected, FY 2013 BY STATE OF TAG ORIGINATION

20 (Figure 5) Regulatory Scrapie Slaughter Surveillance Number of Positive Samples, FY 2013 BY STATE OF TAG ORIGINATION

21 Adjusted to exclude multiple positive animals from same flock. Mottled- and white-faced combined. Does not include Nor98-like scrapie cases found through RSSS (2 in FY 2007, 1 in FY 2008, 4 in FY 2010, and 1 in FY 2011). (Chart 7) Percent of RSSS Samples that Tested Positive for Classical Scrapie by Face Color Fiscal Year 2003 – 2013

22 (Chart 8) Percent of RSSS Samples that Tested Positive for Classical Scrapie by Face Color during each Fiscal Year (2008 – 2013)

23 Includes only sheep with test results reported. Includes multiple positives from same flock. (Chart 9) Retrospective 6 Month Rolling Average of Percent Classical Scrapie Positive Black-Faced Cull Sheep Sampled at Slaughter

24 * April – September, 2003 (Chart 10) Average % Traceable FY03-FY13 86% Average % Traceable FY03-FY13 86% Investigations of RSSS Positive Animals FY 2003 – FY 2013

25 On-Farm Surveillance Testing by Month and Species FY 2013 (Chart 11)

26 Number of Animals Sampled for Scrapie Testing by Quarter—FY 2013 (Chart 12)

27 (Chart 13) RSSS and On-Farm Surveillance Testing by Species—FY 2013

28 (Table 1) STATE SHEEPGOATS RSSSOn-FarmRSSSOn-Farm AZ0001 (CA)*0(1)00 IA2**400 IL1100 OH2000 OK1000 OR1000 MD0002 PA1200 TOTAL ALL STATES 8703 Scrapie Confirmed Cases in FY 2013 * Nor98-like case indicated in parentheses and is not counted in the total. ** One RSSS case was traced back to IA but could not be traced to its flock of origin.

29 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD - 2 MA LA KY KS IN IL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA (1) AZ 1 AR AK AL Reported by State of ID tag. Collected in FY 2013 and confirmed by EOY reporting date. Field cases include animals removed from infected/source flocks, so State totals often include several animals from the same flock. Nor-98 like scrapie case is indicated in parentheses and is not counted in the total. (Figure 6) Scrapie Confirmed Cases in FY 2013 Type of Scrapie RSSS Cases Field Cases Total Classical81018 (Nor98-like)(0)(1) Total /11/ /42/4 1/21/2

30 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD – 2 MA LA KY KS IN IL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AR AK AL * Most recent positive goat confirmed in July (Figure 7) Scrapie Cases in Goats FY 2002 – FY 2013 Type of Scrapie RSSS Cases Field Cases Total Classical034 (Nor98-like)(0) Total034 AZ 1*

31 Scrapie Infected and Source Flocks FY 2013 Overview (Table 2)

32 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK 1 OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY - 1 KS INIL 1 ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL Open source flocks—3 (Figure 8) Scrapie Infected and Source Flocks: Open Statuses as of October 1, 2012

33 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA - 1 OR 1 OK 1 OH 2 NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD - 1* MA LA KY KS IN IL 2 ID IA 2 HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ 1* AR AK AL New source flocks—8 New infected flock—3 New Scrapie Infected and Source Flocks FY 2013 * Goat herd (Figure 9)

34 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA -1 OR OK 2 OH 2 NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD - 1 MA LA KY KS IN IL 2 ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL Flocks released—8 Released Scrapie Infected and Source Flocks FY 2013 (Figure 10)

35 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR 1 OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY - 1 KS IN IL 1 ID IA 2 HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ 1 AR AK AL Open source flocks—5 Open infected flocks—1 Scrapie Infected and Source Flocks: Open Statuses as of September 30, 2013 (Figure 11)

36 Registered and Club Goats 36% Nonregistered Sheep 59% Registered and Club Sheep 5% Nonregistered Goats 0% Total number of animals indemnified: 396 (ER-172, WR-224). Total amount spent: indemnification and disposal $73,568. (ER-$26,784.; WR-$46,784.). The average cost: $186 per animal. (Chart 14) Indemnity Claims FY 2013

37 Scrapie Flock Certification Program: Participating Flocks As of September 30, 2013 Total Enrolled Flocks—1,049 Complete Monitored—500 Certified—439 Export Monitored—61 Export Certified—13 Selective Monitored—36 (Figure 12) WY 6 WV 18 WI 43 WA 26 VA 18 UT 29 TX 22 TN-9 SD 8 SC 22 RI-13 PA 111 OR 19 OK 16 OH 19 NY 21 NV 5 NM 5 NJ-37 NE 10 ND 2 NC-26 MT 25 MS 15 MO 12 MN 23 MI 19 ME 49 MD-23 MA-43 LA 11 KY-25 KS 10 IN 32 IL 11 ID 16 IA 7 HI 11 GA 22 FL 20 DE-1 CT-19 CO 18 CA 65 AZ 1 AR 10 AK 2 AL 17 VT 34 NH-23

38 * As of September 30, (Chart 15) SFCP Open Statuses by Fiscal Year FY 1997 to FY 2013*

39 (Figure 13) Percent of Sheep Flocks Reported by NASS (2007 Census Report) Assigned Flock Identification Numbers As of September 30, 2013 WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS INIL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL ≤ 20% % % % % > 100%

40 (Figure 14) Percent of Goat Herds Reported by NASS (2007 Census Report) Assigned Flock Identification Numbers As of September 30, 2013 ≤ 20% % % % % > 100% WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS INIL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AK AL


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