Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Fostering knowledge spillover through PhD education

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Fostering knowledge spillover through PhD education"— Presentation transcript:

1 Fostering knowledge spillover through PhD education
By Erik F. Øverland Ministry of Education and Research, Norway Official delegate to ERAC working group on knowledge transfer, EU December 18th, 2013 Moscow

2 Content Understanding situation and needs
Introduction to industrial PhD Case study - Norway Added value and proposed action plan

3 Understanding situation and needs
Presentation title

4 While talking about knowledge spillover...
Russia is executing universities’ competitiveness programme with the goal of 5 universities getting to top 100 Initiatives targeted towards competitiveness of higher education include strengthening relationship with industry, commercializing the knowledge and know-how possessed by universities, creating more value added for society while also attracting more funding from industry In Russia there is no clear single system for PhD education and accreditation which would be compatible with European or American degrees, which increases the complication of attracting foreign candidates and recognizing people with foreign qualifications

5 Existing PhD programmes are lacking practical application
During the time of studying, doctoral candidates obtain limited (in certain cases almost any) commercial experience in relation to science and innovation application within real business environment Existing organizational models for doctoral education do not explore the potential of private - public cooperation Due to the lack of working experience and absent network of business connections, former PhD students often struggle to find jobs that would be worthy their qualifications and years of investment in research It is possible to apply this template to exiting presentations. Have the latest presentation template open Click on the View tab and select Normal Delete all unwanted slides Click on the Insert tab from the menu bar and select Slides from Files Click on Browse. Navigate to the presentation you wish to update with the new template. Highlight the presentation and click Open Wait for the slides from the presentation to load and click on Insert All. Then click Close Check the inserted slides to ensure that the most appropriate master slide has been used on each slide To change the master applied to a slide select the slide you wish to apply a different master to then click on the Format tab from the menu bar and select Slide Design From the Used in This Presentation section choose the master you wish to apply to the slide and hover over it to reveal a drop-down arrow. Click on the arrow and select Apply to Selected Slides It is important to thoroughly check the presentation to ensure that no further formatting is needed.

6 Opportunity costs should be taken into account when evaluating PhD models
Opportunity costs of employing doctoral graduate in low qualification job are high and should be prevented whenever possible. It not only dampens the potential of a young researcher but also slows down technological development of country’s economy and creation of high added value working places Opportunity to build stronger link with industry and to attract additional resources for university is not sufficiently exploited

7 Introduction to industrial PhD
Presentation title

8 Industrial PhD as a missing link
An Industrial PhD project is an industrially focused PhD education. The research project is conducted in cooperation between a private company, an Industrial PhD student and a university The company applies for subsidy from the relevant agency The student is employed by the company and paid a salary during the entire Industrial PhD education The student divides his or her working hours equally between the university and the company over the 3-year course of the project Implemented in Denmark (since 1970) and Norway (since 2008), several international projects with Sweden, UK, Spain, Germany, Netherlands, under consideration in the Baltic states

9 Responsibilities of the parties involved
Company: Is the formal applicant and recipient of the funding Must have dedicated staff and other resources for its own R&D activities Must have binding collaboration with a degree-conferring institution; Must document the relevance of the research project Applicant: Is an employee of the company; Divides his/her time between company and the degree conferring institution Must have supervisors from both the degree-conferring institution and the company Funding: Is awarded conditional to the candidate’s admission to an organized doctoral degree programme Is awarded for a period of 3-4 years Is available for projects in all subjects/branches of industry and is not limited to specific fields Is awarded upon completion of a simple, efficient application process

10 Case study - Norway Presentation title

11 Norwegian Industrial-PhD scheme at a glance
Norway – small country, 5 mill inh., 8 univ., 19 univ.coll. Established In addition to conventional PhD schemes Funded by the ministry 2012: 38 mill NOK = 4,5 mill EURO Attracts a lot of positive attention from both universities, public, industry and politics A similar scheme for public sector is going to be launched in 2014 No limitations regarding nationality, age, sex, branch, size Guest research visits abroad as a part of the scheme Challenges: to coordinate costs/contracts between the single enterprise and the different universities Attract more attention about the scheme

12 Total number of students by University
In 2013 in Norway there were 147 Industrial PhD students (and hosting companies) and the number is steadily growing with more industry getting involved Each county had industrial PhD programme with NTNU, foreign univ. and UiB taking the lead. Source:Norwegian research council (2013)

13 Evaluated January 2013. Main findings:
The scheme is satisfactory at national level. But selection criteria should be improved Very well managed/administrated by the Research Council of Norway Well performed projects. Still a need of better clarifications between company and university is needed The relation between the candidates and the university could be stronger Most of the candidates have satisfying working conditions within their companies Even very small firms were motivated to submit applications Too early to see results at the company level The Industrial-PhD scheme seems to have contributed to increased focus on research and long term competence building The interface between enterprises and universities has been improved Actors involved seem to be quite satisfied so far Proposals for further improvement of the Industrial-PhD scheme Better promotion and marketing of the scheme is necessary The criteria for allocation of financial support should be further developed, for instance a better review of the research capacity within the single enterprise

14 The first Norwegian industrial PhD

15 The main differences between the Danish and the Norwegian Industrial PhD scheme
Norway Objective: develop researchers with competences on industrial related aspects of reserach and innovation. AND competencebuilding within the single enterprises Stimulate recruitment of researchers in the industry No limitation concerning size of companies (>=1) Less rigid and formalised. No specific deadlines of calls. Continously-ongoing. Financial reporting once a year Two options: a) 3 years 100 % or b) 4 years 75 % Fees for universities are negotiated. No fixed amount Denmark Objective: develop researchers with competences on industrial related aspects of reserach and innovation. Realise achievements in the interface between industry and academia Only companies with more than 3-4 are allowed to apply More formalised application procedures 3 calls with deadline dates a year Financial reporting 2 times a year One option: 3 years 100 % Fixed university fee

16 The main differences between the Danish and the Norwegian Industrial PhD scheme
Norway The candidate has to be accredited for a PhD program and a formal agreement between the company and the university must be in place The Research Council of Norway (Secretariat) does only an administrative evaluation of the applications The financial support over 3 or 4 years is supposed to cover real expences (totally 1.3 mill NOK = Euros. Costcoverage ca 40 % No elaborated modules of courses MAIN DIFFERENCES: in Norway there are less complicated application procedures, and more easy for all kind of companies to take part in the Industrial PhD scheme. Denmark No such criteria All applications are reviewed by an Industrial-PhD council consisting of 25 member from industry and universities Allocation of 1 mill. DK for each project. Costcoverage ca 30 % Elaborated modules of courses

17 Industrial PhD projects per subject areas

18 Companies in industrial PhD projects by industry
Source:Norwegian research council (2013)

19 Examples of companies involved

20 International projects with foreign partners

21 International projects with foreign partners

22 Added value and proposed actions plan
Presentation title

23 Analysis of needs and alternatives (business case)
Proposed approach 3-4 weeks 5-7 weeks to be defined Idea approval Analysis of needs and alternatives (business case) Solution development Implementation Idea and concept presentation to stakeholders High level foreign practice analysis Legal environment and statistical data analysis Analysis of the needs based on 3-4 selected universities Development of high level business case and model alternatives Presentation of the business case to universities and relevant experts group Specification of selected model alternatives Selection of the most optimal model Specification of implementation costs, required legal and organizational changes Implementation plan preparation Presentation of the results to universities and relevant experts group Final approval State level: Preparation of legal, financial and organizational infrastructure and personnel capable of operating and further improving industrial PhD programs, including quality assurance and progress monitoring It is possible to apply this template to exiting presentations. Have the latest presentation template open Click on the View tab and select Normal Delete all unwanted slides Click on the Insert tab from the menu bar and select Slides from Files Click on Browse. Navigate to the presentation you wish to update with the new template. Highlight the presentation and click Open Wait for the slides from the presentation to load and click on Insert All. Then click Close Check the inserted slides to ensure that the most appropriate master slide has been used on each slide To change the master applied to a slide select the slide you wish to apply a different master to then click on the Format tab from the menu bar and select Slide Design From the Used in This Presentation section choose the master you wish to apply to the slide and hover over it to reveal a drop-down arrow. Click on the arrow and select Apply to Selected Slides It is important to thoroughly check the presentation to ensure that no further formatting is needed. University level: Preparation for programme implementation (out of the scope of this proposal) - decision points

24 New type of programme enhances applied research and innovation
It also: Develops PhD candidates’ potential in business environment and raises their employability potential after graduating In its essence industrial PhD model inherits strong public-private sectors cooperation and a need for mutual learning Reinforces the process of innovations‘ integration and applications in day-to-day business activities, research and development efforts Attracts more students and positively influences the image of the third cycle study programmes Contributes to economic growth “By employing a doctoral student rather than hiring an expert we gain access to university research environment – giving us excellent return on our investment.” Chris Spaggiari CTO of software company Miriam AS

25 Presentation of the call for proposals
Objectives Eligible activities Indicators Eligible expenditure Developing the project approach Thank you. Questions? Presentation title


Download ppt "Fostering knowledge spillover through PhD education"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google