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Chapter 30 The Making of Industrial Society. What are we learning? 1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution Factors that led.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 30 The Making of Industrial Society. What are we learning? 1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution Factors that led."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 30 The Making of Industrial Society

2 What are we learning? 1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution Factors that led to industrialization (9 of them)Factors that led to industrialization (9 of them) Machines of industrializationMachines of industrialization Labor of industrializationLabor of industrialization Methods of industrializationMethods of industrialization Mitigating the effects of industrializationMitigating the effects of industrialization

3 What’s the difference? 1 st Industrial revolution Textiles & steamTextiles & steam Learning the patent lessonLearning the patent lesson Iron & CoalIron & Coal Both sides of the atlantic after America steals some technologyBoth sides of the atlantic after America steals some technology 2 nd Industrial Revolution Electric & ChemicalsElectric & Chemicals CommunicationsCommunications Telephone Wireless SteelSteel FlightFlight

4 Factors Leading to the rise of industrial production

5 Europe’s Location on the Atlantic What centers of trade/trade patterns could be responsible for the locations that became industrialized by the 1850’s? What centers of trade/trade patterns could be responsible for the locations that became industrialized by the 1850’s? How does proximity to shipping factor into industrialization? How does proximity to shipping factor into industrialization? Explain the correlation between shipping and industrialization. What centers of trade/trade patterns could be responsible for the locations that became industrialized by the 1850’s? What centers of trade/trade patterns could be responsible for the locations that became industrialized by the 1850’s? How does proximity to shipping factor into industrialization? How does proximity to shipping factor into industrialization? Explain the correlation between shipping and industrialization.

6 Geographical distribution of coal, iron, timber Coal Mining in Great Britain

7 European demographic changes Read your assigned text and prepare to explain to the class the following about your subject:Read your assigned text and prepare to explain to the class the following about your subject: What was your issue like pre-Industrial Revolution?What was your issue like pre-Industrial Revolution? What happened during the Industrial Revolution to change that?What happened during the Industrial Revolution to change that? What was your issue like post Industrial Revolution?What was your issue like post Industrial Revolution? How did the changes or continuities in your issue change society as a whole?How did the changes or continuities in your issue change society as a whole?

8 urbanization

9 Improved agricultural productivity Here we go again! New World foods What foods are responsible for this amazing change in productivity? What foods are responsible for this amazing change in productivity? What technological innovations in the middle ages prepared the “soil” for this growth? What technological innovations in the middle ages prepared the “soil” for this growth? What technological advances in the IR continued the revolution in productivity? What technological advances in the IR continued the revolution in productivity? Here we go again! New World foods What foods are responsible for this amazing change in productivity? What foods are responsible for this amazing change in productivity? What technological innovations in the middle ages prepared the “soil” for this growth? What technological innovations in the middle ages prepared the “soil” for this growth? What technological advances in the IR continued the revolution in productivity? What technological advances in the IR continued the revolution in productivity?

10 Legal protection of private property Patent Laws Patent Laws Laws protecting the accumulation of wealth Laws protecting the accumulation of wealth Laws favoring mercantilist practices Laws favoring mercantilist practices Patent Laws Patent Laws Laws protecting the accumulation of wealth Laws protecting the accumulation of wealth Laws favoring mercantilist practices Laws favoring mercantilist practices

11 Abundance of rivers and canals 1 canal barge = 100 mules 1 canal barge = 100 mules Grand Trunk Canal Grand Trunk Canal 1 canal barge = 100 mules 1 canal barge = 100 mules Grand Trunk Canal Grand Trunk Canal

12 Access to foreign resources

13 Accumulation of capital Think Downtown Abbey Think Downtown Abbey Industry was a much faster way to accumulate wealth than land or agriculture Industry was a much faster way to accumulate wealth than land or agriculture Think Downtown Abbey Think Downtown Abbey Industry was a much faster way to accumulate wealth than land or agriculture Industry was a much faster way to accumulate wealth than land or agriculture

14 Checking for understanding On a separate piece of paper list the nine factors that led to industrialization in Europe and N. America.On a separate piece of paper list the nine factors that led to industrialization in Europe and N. America. Under each factor give one evidence of the factor. (SEE EXAMPLE BELOW)Under each factor give one evidence of the factor. (SEE EXAMPLE BELOW) FACTOR : LOCATION FACTOR : LOCATION EVIDENCE : The port of Liverpool is directly on the Atlantic ocean and made for easy transport of raw materials from around the world for production. EVIDENCE : The port of Liverpool is directly on the Atlantic ocean and made for easy transport of raw materials from around the world for production. You will turn this in at the end of the lesson – make sure your name is on it!

15 Engines of change The Development of Machines

16 Flying shuttle John Kay – 1733John Kay – 1733 Accelerated the weaving processAccelerated the weaving process

17 Spinning Jenny 1760 – spun thread from wool or cotton1760 – spun thread from wool or cotton

18 Mule Samuel Crompton – Made the spinning Jenny more efficient.Samuel Crompton – Made the spinning Jenny more efficient. By 1812 one spinner could produce as much yarn as 200 could prior to this invention when coupled with a Jenny.By 1812 one spinner could produce as much yarn as 200 could prior to this invention when coupled with a Jenny.

19 Water Frame Richard ArkwrightRichard Arkwright Drove two pairs of rollers moving at different speeds. First installed in a single building which had 300 employees.Drove two pairs of rollers moving at different speeds. First installed in a single building which had 300 employees. Horse power replaced by Watt’s steam engine in 1777.Horse power replaced by Watt’s steam engine in Cotton manufacturing increased 130 times between Cotton manufacturing increased 130 times between

20 Cotton Gin Cotton replaced wool, comfortable, cheap, popular.Cotton replaced wool, comfortable, cheap, popular. (US or India) Eli Whitney’s gin mechanically removed seeds from cottonEli Whitney’s gin mechanically removed seeds from cotton Increased demand for cotton meant an increased demand for slaves 3 million + were brought to the US

21 Steam engine James WattsJames Watts Patented in 1769Patented in 1769 Worked with Matthew Boulton ($)Worked with Matthew Boulton ($)

22 The power loom Steam poweredSteam powered Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright Invented in 1785Invented in 1785

23 Steam Tractor Used for pulling loads from coal mines in EuropeUsed for pulling loads from coal mines in Europe Used for agriculture in USAUsed for agriculture in USA 1 st gasoline powered John Froelich- Iowa1 st gasoline powered John Froelich- Iowa

24 Steam ship John Fitch 1787 – first patentJohn Fitch 1787 – first patent Robert FultonRobert Fulton 1807 Clermont1807 Clermont First commercially viable steamshipFirst commercially viable steamship

25 Steam locomotive 1814 “Blucher”1814 “Blucher” George StephensonGeorge Stephenson Great Britain He then proceeded to build the first railways to go with his new locomotive Not the first to begin! Very competitive business!Not the first to begin! Very competitive business!

26 CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING #2 Describe how competition and capitalism contributed to the productivity and sophistication of machines during the Industrial Revolution.Describe how competition and capitalism contributed to the productivity and sophistication of machines during the Industrial Revolution.

27 DEVELOPMENT OF CAPITAL FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS are expandedFINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS are expanded Stock markets Insurance Gold standard Limited Liability Corporations

28 Fossil Fuels The internal combustion engine (1858 Jean Joseph Lenoir – France) made it possible to exploit vast new resources of energy stored in fossil fuelsThe internal combustion engine (1858 Jean Joseph Lenoir – France) made it possible to exploit vast new resources of energy stored in fossil fuels This makes fossil fuels valuable commoditiesThis makes fossil fuels valuable commodities Who has them?Who has them? Who is going to want them?Who is going to want them? What possible outcomes can you extrapolate?What possible outcomes can you extrapolate?

29 Labor of Change The Development of The Factory System

30 Labor moves to the city UrbanizationUrbanization Factory townsFactory towns Factory housingFactory housing Population concentrationPopulation concentration

31 Methods of change The Development of Industrial Methods

32 New methods Interchangeable partsInterchangeable parts Centralization of productionCentralization of production Large scale production methodsLarge scale production methods Specialization of labor skillsSpecialization of labor skills

33 More production requires… More raw materials, new markets, and more goods to sell in those markets. More raw materials, new markets, and more goods to sell in those markets. What major process is this going to lead to?What major process is this going to lead to? More to come in chapter 33, stay tuned!More to come in chapter 33, stay tuned!

34 Rapid development The decline of economically productive, agriculturally based economies.The decline of economically productive, agriculturally based economies. Why? What would cause agricultural economies to declineWhy? What would cause agricultural economies to decline If agriculture is declining, how is population continuing to increase?If agriculture is declining, how is population continuing to increase? What effect will industrialization have on agriculturally based economies?What effect will industrialization have on agriculturally based economies?

35 Mitigating the effects of Industrial capitalims The reform movements

36 luddites Protesting working conditionsProtesting working conditions Limit hours Higher wages Opposing capitalist exploitation

37 New Utopian ideas Socialism Utopian communitiesUtopian communities Created for the good of the workers – not for the accumulation of wealthCreated for the good of the workers – not for the accumulation of wealth Love, not coercionLove, not coercion New Lanark (Robert Owen)New Lanark (Robert Owen) Kids go to school not work Marxism Communist ManifestoCommunist Manifesto Abolition of private propertyAbolition of private property Radically egalitarian societyRadically egalitarian society Dictatorship of the proletariatDictatorship of the proletariat

38 Social Reformers Government reforms (England)Government reforms (England) 1832 – voting rights Prohibitions about underground work Regulation of child labor Government reforms (Germany)Government reforms (Germany) Otto von Bismark 1880’s Medical insurance, unemployment, retirement Trade UnionsTrade Unions

39 Checking for Understanding #3 How did the ideas of socialism, communism, labor unions, and reformers contribute to the lives of the average laborer during the Industrial Revolution?How did the ideas of socialism, communism, labor unions, and reformers contribute to the lives of the average laborer during the Industrial Revolution?

40 Did you get it? 1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution1 st &. 2 nd industrial revolution Factors that led to industrialization (9 of them)Factors that led to industrialization (9 of them) Machines of industrializationMachines of industrialization Labor of industrializationLabor of industrialization Methods of industrializationMethods of industrialization Mitigating the effects of industrializationMitigating the effects of industrialization


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