Presentation on theme: "What team open baseball the first 60 years?. How many president threw out the first pitch? Who was the first?"— Presentation transcript:
What team open baseball the first 60 years?
How many president threw out the first pitch? Who was the first?
Eleven - Taft
What did Truman do differently?
Opening day Snow Fight Unfortunately, Opening Day has also been marred by riots and civil disobedience. At the start of the 1907 season, the New York Giants opened against the Phillies following a heavy snowstorm. In preparation for the game, groundskeepers were forced to shovel large drifts of snow onto the outer edges of the field in foul territory. After falling behind 3-0, the disappointed fans at the Polo Grounds began hurling snowballs onto the playing field, disrupting play. As the melee progressed, chaos ensued and fans began rushing onto the field to continue the snowball fight. After being pelted, Home plate umpire Bill Klem had enough and called a forfeit in favor of the Phillies.
Posterior instability response better than anterior instability
Scapulothoracic Exercises 4 Core Exercises (Mosley) 1. Scaption with the thumb up for the upper trapezius
Scaption (abduction in the scapular plane of degrees forward in the horizontal plane) or flexion;
2. Press up for the lower trapes, latissimus doris and teres minor
3. Push up with a plus for the serratus anterior
4. Scapular Retraction for the Middle Trapezius and Rhomboids
Glenohumeral Exercises Townsend 4 Core Exercises 1. Scaption with the thumb down (up) empty can or full can for the supraspinatus
2. Press ups for the lower trapezius, latissimus dorsi and teres major
3. GH flexion for the anterior deltoid and the coracobrachialis
4. External Rotation with horizontal extension for the infraspinatus, teres minor, and posterior deltoid
Rotator Cuff Exercises (30/30/30 Position) 30 degrees of abduction 30 degrees of scaption 30 degrees of diagonal tilt
30 degrees of abduction Used to protect the rotator cuff and prevent wringing out effect on the supraspinatus tendon
Second 30 degree position places the arm into scaption Protects the anterior inferior capsule Prestretches the posterior rotatator cuff muscles External rotation muscles are the weakest of the 6 directions of the GH joint
30 degree diagonal tilt Prevents a posterior internal impingement and is more comfortable than the transverse plane position when performing GH rotation exercises
Studies show that adducting muscle activity will increase the space of the subacromial space
Summary reason to use the 30/30/30 Prevents the wringing out effect Scaption position protects the anterior inferior capsule The scaption position is a functional arc of motion for the shoulder Comfortable positions to do ER/IR exercises GH adduction increases the width of the subacromium space
Advance the patient to the 90/90 position to advance the rotator cuff strengthening program if the patient need to use the arm in overhead activities
Total Arm Strengthening Exercises (TAS) Biceps and triceps cross the GH joint can contribute to dynamic stability of the GH joint
Exercise Progression Continuum Multiple-angle isometrics submaximal effort Multiple-angle isometrics maximal effort Short arc exercises submaximum effort Short arc exercises maximum effort Full ROM exercises submaximum effort Full ROM exercises maximum effort
Cross Education Training?
10-15% increase in strength on the contralateral side
Total strength is less than sum of each individually
Systematic Variable Range Repetition E2C
Eccentric to concentric
Deceleration and acceleration impulses create more muscle tension Increasing progressive ranging exercises the intensity of exercises is increased at the additional angle
Progressive Range of Motion Protects the soft tissue healing structures
As heal add more ROM
Time rate of force development Ability to develop force rapidly (FT fibers)
Contra-Coup Concept of shoulder stability (C3-S2)
Common Thought ER most important and the subscapularis for anterior instability
Contra-Coup Concept Subscapularis contraction cause anterior translocation of the humeral head Infraspinatus contracture causes posterior translation of the humeral head Use GH: IR:ER is 3:2 or ratio 100%:66%
Neuromuscular Proprioceptive/Kinesthetic Deficits (Functional Neuromuscular Dynamic Stability Functional Stability is dependent on neuromuscular dynamic control
Stage 1: Proprioception and Kinesthetic Exercises (baseline for Dynamic stability) Diminish Pain and Inflammation Normalize motion Restore proprioception and kinesthesia Establish muscular balance