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 The definition used most often in the U.S. is from the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). According to AAMR, mental retardation is a.

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Presentation on theme: " The definition used most often in the U.S. is from the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). According to AAMR, mental retardation is a."— Presentation transcript:

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2  The definition used most often in the U.S. is from the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). According to AAMR, mental retardation is a disability that occurs before age 18. It is characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills. It is diagnosed through the use of standardized tests of intelligence and adaptive behavior. AAMR points out that both functioning and adaptive behavior are affected positively by individualized supports (AAMR, 2002).

3  Lower intelligence and limited skills Conceptual skills: reading/writing; money  → Social skills: friendships; responsibility; rules (written and unwritten)  → Practical skills: eating; hygiene  →

4  Migrant workers: Move from place to place to make money Construction, mining, farming Mostly men –some as young as 14 Earned $ /day New Deal programs –find work through agencies

5  Dialect: Reflection of time, place, educational background and social status TIME: ’s: tart ’s: neato 1960’s: groovy 1970’s: far out 1980’s: rad 1990’s: phat 2000’s: snap – dog PLACE: Northeast: soda – sneakers Midwest: pop – tennis shoes South: Coke – y’all

6 EDUCATIONAL: amount of education (schooling) at this time, working was more important than going to school words: not appropriate for an educated person to use not for shock value for artistry; realistic SOCIAL STATUS: born into the “right” family (with money) manners; larger vocabulary Dialect (continued): Reflection of time, place, educational background and social status

7  The Great Depression began on October 24, 1929 with the crash of the stock market.  The state of the Union was very low.  There were no jobs to be had and those who had jobs were losing them.  The value of the dollar was almost zero.  In order to obtain goods, people had to barter or trade.

8 1928 Hoover was elected President 1929 October 24, “Black Thursday” 1932 Emergency Relief and Construction Act 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Hoover to become President 1933 Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany 1933 Economy begins to recover Federal Emergency Relief Act 1933 Farm Relief Act Home Owners’ Loan Act Farm Credit Act 1934 Securities Exchange Commission Act Federal Farm Bankruptcy Act 1935 Farm Credit Act Social Security Act Soil Conservation Act

9  The Great Depression ended when the US joined forces in WWII in  FDR was elected to serve 4 terms in office, but died in his last term and therefore did not serve the entire 4 terms.  FDR is best known for the New Deal Era (the implementation of government social services).

10  Think about:  Why did the joining of the war end the depression?  What is so important about the Acts that were passed in the above timeline?  Who and what are they meant to serve and help?

11  Setting:  on a ranch (farm) in the town of Soledad; on the Salinas River in California;  s= Great Depression

12  Author: John Steinbeck  Born:1902 in Salinas, CA  Education: went to Stanford University (CA)  Never graduated – dropped out  Couldn’t choose one area of study  1935-Tortilla Flat: 1 st book to make money  1937-Of Mice and Men: best seller  Grapes of Wrath: most popular/about the dust bowl  wins Nobel Prize for Literature  Writing: focused on people  Died: 1968

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