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April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 1 USU Innovation and Invention Awards Reception Thursday, 01 April 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 1 USU Innovation and Invention Awards Reception Thursday, 01 April 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 1 USU Innovation and Invention Awards Reception Thursday, 01 April 2010 W. Kent Tobiska, Director Herbert C. Carlson, Director Strategic Development USU USTAR Space Weather Center

2 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 2 USU Space Weather Center 6 Faculty Members PI — Robert W. Schunk Jan J. Sojka Ludger Scherliess Donald C. Thompson Lie Zhu Larry Gardner 3 Senior Level Scientists Director — W. Kent Tobiska Director Strat. Develop. — Herbert C. Carlson Solar Wind Expert — TBD 1 Executive Admin. Asst. Shawna Johnson 1 Senior Software Engineer Eric Hunsaker 1 Website Designer Krista Park 2 Postdocs TBD 6 Students David Hansen, Landry Heaton, TBD Total 13 of 20 positions filled

3 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 3 What is the USU Space Weather Center’s role ? Vision: Provide operational SpWx for 21 st Century challenges Mission: Provide global real-time data to reduce SpWx risks First 9 months product, system, and project milestones: Product releases: Space WX iPhone public education app (v1.2) released at Apple v1.3 released 12 Nov 2009; v1.4.0 release 01 May 2010 Product demo: Global HF radio 15 MHz ray-trace propagation System start-ups: GAIM Global uses 400 GPS stations & 10,000 measurements every 15 minutes to create accurate real-time ionosphere GAIM Continental U.S. (CONUS) has high spatial resolution Facility completion: Space Weather Center facility in USU SER building

4 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 4 What is Space Weather? The Sun’s photons, particles and fields that dynamically affect near Earth space and our technology

5 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 5 Solar flares and coronal mass ejections affect the Earth

6 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 6 At Earth, the photons and geomagnetic disturbances ionize the upper atmosphere and create the ionosphere

7 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 7 space weather terrestrial weather The space station and space shuttle fly through the upper atmosphere & ionosphere

8 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 8 50 miles 240 miles GPS Satellites at 15,000 Miles Human Activities Affected by Space Weather

9 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 9 Logan HF signal TE C GPS USU SWC products TE C GAIM

10 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 10 The ionosphere at low and high latitudes can be disrupted by large scale variations which interfere with communications

11 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 11 NOAA space weather warning on September : o A powerful solar flare erupts o KATRINA communications affected o U.S. disaster relief workers lost reliability of their backup communication system Hurricane Katrina Aug 29, 2005 HF comm for first responders

12 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 12 Commercial Aviation Routing Incident September 7, UT: A major solar flare occurs The event creates a complete radio blackout on the sunlit hemisphere A Chicago to Hong Kong flight on a polar route forced to divert to Anchorage at a schedule penalty of 180 minutes and additional fuel Per incident-plane costs for route diversions start at $250,000

13 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson planes fly over the U.S. every morning – better geolocation allows them to fly closer together

14 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 14 Where is my iPhone? Severe disruption of GPS can occur from solar flares and geomagnetic storms and the uncertainty grows significantly

15 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 15 Magnetic Storm Over Logan Oct. 22, 1999, at 2:40 a.m., a switch tripped in the Logan city power system. At the same time, SWC’s Dr. Zhu measured a surge of 200,000 amperes in the ionosphere above Cache Valley. Garth Turley at Logan Light & Power recalled, “Something happened at Utah Power and Light. Our dispatcher found out we had a trip (power outage) during that time."

16 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 16 The iPhone “Space WX” app The first real-time space weather application for smart phones Provides public education about space weather as it is happening 800 app purchases 01 April 2010 in 37 countries

17 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 17 Where to go from here? USU Space Weather Center projects Improve real-time accuracy for GPS single frequency users Improve real-time radio communication links for aviation, emergency responders and Defense agencies Upgrade iPhone app Space Wx to bring space weather to the public Bring on student and faculty contributors to expand USU outreach

18 April 1, 2010 Space Weather Center Tobiska & Carlson 18 BACKGROUND W. Kent Tobiska President and Chief Scientist: Space Environment Technologies Inventor: operational solar irradiances Principal Investigator: multiple NOAA, USAF AFRL & AFSPC, NASA projects Co-Investigator: NASA Galileo and TIMED missions ISO (International Standards Organization): U.S. Lead delegate for the space environment, author of standards COSPAR (Comm. on Space Research): Thermosphere & Ionosphere Chair AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics): Atmospheric and Space Environment Technical Committee Committee Chair; Associate Fellow Herbert C. Carlson University, Dept. Head: National Center NSF: Program Manager, Aeronomy; created UAF program with 100 PhD’s AFOSR: Chief Scientist AFRL: Founded USAF Space Weather Center of Excellence; Fellow EOARD: Senior Scientist in partnership with European Science & Technology Royal Astronomical Society of London: Fellow Norwegian Academy of Sciences: Elected member United States Presidential Rank Award: SES service (ST-5, 1 of 2 in USAF)


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