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**Find the product 1. (x + 6) (x + 3) x2 + 9x + 18 2. (x – 5)2**

Lesson 4.2, For use with pages Find the product 1. (x + 6) (x + 3) ANSWER x2 + 9x + 18 2. (x – 5)2 ANSWER x2 – 10x + 25

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**4. A projectile, shot from the ground, reaches its **

Lesson 4.2, For use with pages 3. 4(x + 5)( x – 5) ANSWER 4x2 – 100 4. A projectile, shot from the ground, reaches its highest point of 225 meters after 3.2 seconds. For how seconds is the projectile in the air? ANSWER 6.4 sec

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Questions 4.1 ????

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**Graphing Quadratics in Vertex Form: y = a ( 𝑥 −ℎ) 2 + k**

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Bridges

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**Arches National Park Delicate Arch**

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**𝑦=𝑎 ( 𝑥 −ℎ) 2 + k (vertex form)**

What do we know about the vertex form? a= ????? ( +a opens up , -a opens down) x – h = 0 x = h (axis of symmetry) (h, k ) vertex

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**EXAMPLE 1 14 Graph a quadratic function in vertex form**

Graph y = – (x + 2)2 + 5. SOLUTION Identify the constants a = – 1/ h = – 2, and k = 5. Because a < 0, the parabola opens down. STEP 1 STEP 2 Plot the vertex (h, k) = (– 2, 5) and draw the axis of symmetry x = – 2.

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**EXAMPLE 1 14 14 Graph a quadratic function in vertex form STEP 3**

Evaluate the function for two values of x. x = 0: y = (0 + 2)2 + 5 = 4 14 – x = 2: y = (2 + 2)2 + 5 = 1 14 – Plot the points (0, 4) and (2, 1) and their reflections in the axis of symmetry. STEP 4 Draw a parabola through the plotted points.

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**EXAMPLE 2 1 7000 Use a quadratic model in vertex form**

Civil Engineering The Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington has two towers that each rise 307 feet above the roadway and are connected by suspension cables as shown. Each cable can be modeled by the function. y = (x – 1400)2 + 27 1 7000 where x and y are measured in feet. What is the distance d between the two towers ?

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**EXAMPLE 2 Use a quadratic model in vertex form SOLUTION**

The vertex of the parabola is (1400, 27). So, a cable’s lowest point is 1400 feet from the left tower shown above. Because the heights of the two towers are the same, the symmetry of the parabola implies that the vertex is also 1400 feet from the right tower. So, the distance between the two towers is d = 2 (1400) = 2800 feet.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2**

Graph the function. Label the vertex and axis of symmetry. 1. y = (x + 2)2 – 3 SOLUTION STEP 1 Identify the constants a = 1 , h = – 2, and k = – 3. Because a > 0, the parabola opens up. STEP 2 Plot the vertex (h, k) = (– 2, – 3) and draw the axis of symmetry x = – 2.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 STEP 3**

Evaluate the function for two values of x. x = 0: y = (0 + 2)2 + – 3 = 1 x = 2: y = (2 + 2)2 – 3 = 13 Plot the points (0, 4) and (2, 1) and their reflections in the axis of symmetry. STEP 4 Draw a parabola through the plotted points.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 2. y = – (x + 1)2 + 5 SOLUTION**

STEP 1 Identify the constants a = 1 , h = – 2, and k = – 3. Because a < 0, the parabola opens down. STEP 2 Plot the vertex (h, k) = (– 1, 1) and draw the axis of symmetry x = – 1. STEP 3 Evaluate the function for two values of x. x = 0: y = – (0 + 2)2 + 5 = 4 x = 2: y = – (0 – 2)2 + 5 = 1 Plot the points (0, 4) and (2, 1) and their reflections in the axis of symmetry.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 STEP 4**

Draw a parabola through the plotted points.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 12 12 12 52 12 – 3 2**

3. f (x) = (x – 3)2 – 4 SOLUTION Identify the constants a = , h = – 3, and h = – 4. 12 STEP 1 Because a > 0, the parabola opens up. STEP 2 Plot the vertex (h, k) = (– 3, – 4) and draw the axis of symmetry x = – 3. STEP 3 Evaluate the function for two values of x. x = 0: f(x) = (0 – 3)2 – 4 = 12 52 x = 0: f(x) = (2 – 3)2 – 4 = 12 – 3 2

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2**

Plot the points (0, 4) and (2, 1) and their reflections in the axis of symmetry. STEP 4 Draw a parabola through the plotted points.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 y = 1 6500 (x – 1400)2 + 27**

4. WHAT IF? Suppose an architect designs a bridge y = 1 6500 (x – 1400) with cables that can be modeled by where x and y are measured in feet. Compare this function’s graph to the graph of the function in Example 2. SOLUTION This graph is slightly steeper than the graph in Example 2. They both have the same vertex and axis of symmetry, and both open up. Solution missing

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EXAMPLE 3 Graph a quadratic function in intercept form Graph y = 2(x + 3) (x – 1). SOLUTION STEP 1 Identify the x - intercepts. Because p = – 3 and q = 1, the x - intercepts occur at the points (– 3, 0) and (1, 0). STEP 2 Find the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 – 3 + 1 = – 1 = y = 2(– 1 + 3)(– 1 – 1) = – 8

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**EXAMPLE 3 Graph a quadratic function in intercept form STEP 3**

Draw a parabola through the vertex and the points where the x - intercepts occur.

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**EXAMPLE 4 Use a quadratic function in intercept form Football**

The path of a placekicked football can be modeled by the function y = – 0.026x(x – 46) where x is the horizontal distance (in yards) and y is the corresponding height (in yards). a. How far is the football kicked ? b. What is the football’s maximum height ?

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EXAMPLE 4 Use a quadratic function in intercept form SOLUTION a. Rewrite the function as y = – 0.026(x – 0)(x – 46). Because p = 0 and q = 46, you know the x - intercepts are 0 and 46. So, you can conclude that the football is kicked a distance of 46 yards. b. To find the football’s maximum height, calculate the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 0 + 46 = 23 = y = – 0.026(23)(23 – 46) The maximum height is the y-coordinate of the vertex, or about 13.8 yards.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 p + q 3 + 1 x = = – 5 2**

Graph the function. Label the vertex, axis of symmetry, and x - intercepts. 5. y = (x – 3) (x – 7) SOLUTION STEP 1 Identify the x - intercepts. Because p = 3 and q = 7, the x - intercepts occur at the points (3, 0) and (7, 0). STEP 2 Find the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 3 + 1 = – 5 = y = (5 – 3) (5 – 1) = – 4 So the vertex is (5, – 4)

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 STEP 3**

Draw a parabola through the vertex and the points where the x - intercepts occur.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 p + q 3 2 4 + (–1) x = = 2 3 2**

f (x) = 2(x – 4) (x + 1) SOLUTION STEP 1 Identify the x - intercepts. Because p = 4 and q = – 1, the x - intercepts occur at the points (4, 0) and (– 1, 0). STEP 2 Find the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 4 + (–1) = 3 2 y = 2( – 4) ( ) = 3 2 25 2 – So the vertex is , 3 2 25 2

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 STEP 3**

Draw a parabola through the vertex and the points where the x - intercepts occur.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 p + q – 1 + 5 x = = – 2 2**

y = – (x + 1) (x – 5) SOLUTION STEP 1 Identify the x - intercepts. Because p = – 1 and q = 5, the x - intercepts occur at the points (– 1, 0) and (5, 0). STEP 2 Find the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 – 1 + 5 = – 2 = y = – (2 + 3)(2 – 1) = 9 So the vertex is (2, 9)

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 STEP 3**

Draw a parabola through the vertex and the points where the x - intercepts occur.

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 p + q 0 + 50 x = = 25 2**

8. WHAT IF? In Example 4, what is the maximum height of the football if the football’s path can be modeled by the function y = – 0.025x(x – 50)? SOLUTION a. Rewrite the function as y = – 0.025(x – 0)(x – 50). Because p = 0 and q = 50, you know the x - intercepts are 0 and 50. So, you can conclude that the football is kicked a distance of 50 yards. b. To find the football’s maximum height, calculate the coordinates of the vertex. x = p + q 2 0 + 50 = 25 = y = (25)(25 – 46)

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**GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4**

The maximum height is the y-coordinate of the vertex, or about yards.

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Characteristics of Quadratic Functions Section 2.2 beginning on page 56.

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