 # 5.1 Midsegment Theorem & Coordinate Proof

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5.1 Midsegment Theorem & Coordinate Proof

Objectives Use properties of midsegments Understand coordinate proofs

Vocabulary The Midsegment of a Triangle is a segment that connects the midpoints of two sides of the triangle. D B C E A D and E are midpoints DE is the midsegment

Midsegment Theorem Theorem 5.1
The segment connecting the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and is half as long as that side. D B C E A DE || AC DE = ½ (AC)

Example 1 5 ft 16 ft TU = ________ PR = ________
In the diagram, ST and TU are midsegments of PQR. Find PR and TU. 5 ft 16 ft TU = ________ PR = ________

Example 2 14 cm 53 cm ZY = ________ MN = ________
In the diagram, XZ and ZY are midsegments of LMN. Find MN and ZY. 14 cm 53 cm ZY = ________ MN = ________

Example 3 x = ________ 10 DF = ________ 26 AB = ________ 52
In the diagram, ED and DF are midsegments of ABC. Find DF and AB. 3x – 4 5x + 2 x = ________ 10 DF = ________ 26 AB = ________ 52

Kinds of Proofs: Two Column Proof has numbered statements and corresponding reasons that show an argument in a logical order. A Flow Proof uses arrows to show the flow of a logical argument. A Paragraph Proof presents a logical argument as a written explanation in paragraph form. A Coordinate Proof is when you use variables to represent the coordinates of a generic figure to show the results are true for all figures of that type.

Example 4 EXAMPLE 3 Place a figure in a coordinate plane
Place each figure in a coordinate plane in a way that is convenient for finding side lengths. Assign coordinates to each vertex. a. A rectangle b. A scalene triangle SOLUTION It is easy to find lengths of horizontal and vertical segments and distances from (0, 0), so place one vertex at the origin and one or more sides on an axis.

Example 4 (continued) EXAMPL 3 a.
Let h represent the length and k represent the width. b. Notice that you need to use three different variables.

Assignment Workbooks Pg #1 – 18, 20