Chapter 4 Systems of Equations and Problem Solving

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Systems of Equations and Problem Solving"— Presentation transcript:

Chapter 4 Systems of Equations and Problem Solving
How are systems of equations solved?

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-1 Systems of Equations in two Variables
How do you solve a system of equations in two variables graphically?

Vocabulary Systems of equations: two or more equations using the same variables Linear systems: each equation has two distinct variables to the first degree. Independent system: one solution Dependent system: many solutions, the same line Inconsistent system: no solution, parallel lines

Directions: Solve each equation for y Graph each equation
State the point of intersection

Examples: x – y = 5 and y + 3 = 2x

Examples: 3x + y = 5 and 15x + 5y = 2

Examples: y = 2x + 3 and -4x + 2y = 6

Examples: x – 2y + 1 = 0 and x + 4y – 6 =0

What limitations do you think are affiliated with this procedure?

4-1 Homework PAGE(S): 161 NUMBERS: 2 – 16 even
code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-2A Solving Systems of Equations —SUBSTITUTION
How do you solve a system of equations in two variables by substitution?

Substitution: exampl:e: 4x + 3y = 4 2x – y = 7
1) LOOK FOR A VARIABLE W/O A COEFFICIENT 2) SOLVE FOR THAT VARIABLE 3) SUBSTITUTE THIS NEW VALUE INTO THE OTHER EQUATION exampl:e: 4x + 3y = 4 2x – y = 7

Example: 2y + x = 1 3y – 2x = 12

Examples: 5x + 3y = 6 x - y = -1

4-2a Homework USING SUBSTITUTION PAGE(S): 166 -167 NUMBERS: 1 – 8 all
code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s warm-up

4-2B and Solving Systems of Equations —LINEAR COMBINATION —ELIMINATION METHOD Consistent and Dependent Systems How do you solve a system of equations in two variables by linear combinations? What makes a system dependent, independent, consistent, or inconsistent?

Combination/Elimination
1)LOOK FOR OR CREATE A SET OF OPPOSITES A) TO CREATE USE THE COEFFICIENT OF THE 1ST WITH THE SECOND AND VICE VERSA B) MAKE SURE THERE WILL BE ONE + & ONE – 2) ADD THE EQUATIONS TOGETHER AND SOLVE 3) SUSTITUTE IN EITHER EQUATION AND SOLVE FOR THE REMAINING VARIABLE

Example: 4x – 2y = 7 x + 2y = 3

Example: 4x + 3y = 4 2x - y = 7

Example: 3x – 7y = 15 5x + 2y = -4

Example: 2x - y = 3 -2x + y = -3

Example: 2x - y = 3 -2x + y = 9

4-2B Homework USING LINEAR COMBINATIONS PAGE(S): 166 -167
NUMBERS: 10 – 22 even code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-3 Using a system of two Equations
How do you translate real life problems into systems of equations?

USE ROPES: Read the problem Organize your thoughts in a chart Plan the equations that will work Evaluate the Solution Summarize your findings

Example: The sum of the first number and a second number is -42. The first number minus the second is 52. Find the numbers 1st number x 2nd number y x y = -42 x y = 52

Example: Soybean meal is 16% protein and corn meal is 9% protein. How many pounds of each should be mixed together to get a 350 pound mix that is 12% protein? Soybean meal x .16 Corn meal y .09 x y = 350 .16x + .09y = .12 • 350

Example: A total of \$1150 was invested part at 12% and part at 11%. The total yield was \$ How much was invested at each rate? 12% investment x .12 11% investment y .11 x y = 1150 .12x + .11y =

Example: One day a store sold 45 pens. One kind cost \$8.75 the other \$ In all, \$ was earned. How many of each kind were sold? Type 1 x 8.75 Type 2 y 9.75 x y = 45 8.75x y =

4-3 Homework PAGE(S): 171 -173 NUMBERS: 4 – 24 by 4’s
code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-4 Systems of Equations in three Variables
How do you solve a system of equations in three variables? How is it similar to solving a system in two equations?

Find x, y, z 2x + y - z = 5 3x - y + 2z = -1 x - y - z = 0

Find x, y, z 2x - y + z = 4 x + 3y - z = 11 4x + y - z = 14

Find x, y, z 2x + z = 7 x + 3y + 2z = 5 4x + 2y - 3z = -3

4-4 Homework PAGE(S): 178 - 179 NUMBERS: 4 – 24 by 4’s
code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-5 Using a System of Three Equations
How do you translate word problems into a system of three equations?

Example: The sum of three numbers is The third is 11 less than ten times the second. Twice the first is 7 more than three times the second. Find the numbers. 1st number x 2nd number Y 3rd number z x + y + z = 105 z = 10y – 11 2x = y

Example: Sawmills A, B, C can produce 7400 board feet of lumber per day. A and B together can produce 4700 board feet, while B and C together can produce 5200 board feet. How many board feet can each mill produce? Mill A x Mill B y Mill C z x + y + z = 7400 x + y = 4700 y + z = 5200

4-5 Homework PAGE(S): 181 - 182 NUMBERS: 4, 8, 12, 16
code age-0775

Activation Review Yesterday’s Warm-up

4-7 Systems of Inequalities
How do you solve a system of linear inequalities?

Vocabulary: Feasible region: the area of all possible outcomes

Directions: Solve each equation for y Graph each equation

Examples x – 2y < 6 y ≤ -3/2 x + 5

y ≤ -2x + 4 x > -3

y < 4 y ≥ |x – 3|

3x + 4y ≥ 12 5x + 6y ≤ 30 1 ≤ x ≤ 3

4-7 Homework PAGE(S): 192 NUMBERS: 4 – 32 by 4’s
code age-0775

REVIEW PAGE(S): 200 NUMBERS: all

Activation Review yesterday’s warm-up

4-8 Using Linear Programming
EQ: What is linear programming?

VOCABULARY: Linear programming– identifies minimum or maximum of a given situation Constraints—the linear inequalities that are determined by the problem Objective—the equation that proves the minimum or maximum value.

Directions: Read the problem List the constraints List the objective
Graph the inequalities finding the feasible region Solve for the vertices (the points of intersection) Test the vertices in the objective

Example: What values of y maximize P given Constraints: y≥3/2x -3 y ≤-x + 7 x≥0 y≥0 Objective: P = 3x +2y x y P

You are selling cases of mixed nuts and roasted peanuts
You are selling cases of mixed nuts and roasted peanuts. You can order no more than a total of 500 cans and packages and spend no more than \$600. If both sell equally well, how can you maximize the profit assuming you will sell everything that you buy? x y P

Partner Problem (sample was #8)
A florist has to order roses and carnations for Valentine’s Day. The florist needs to decide how many dozen roses and carnations should be ordered to obtain a maximum profit. Roses: The florist’s cost is \$20 per dozen, the profit over cost is \$20 per dozen. Carnations: The florist’s cost is \$5 per dozen, the profit over cost is \$8 per dozen. The florist can order no more than 60 dozen flowers. Based on previous years, a minimum of 20 dozen carnations must be ordered. The florist cannot order more than \$450 worth of roses and carnations. Find out how many dozen of each the florist should order to max. profit! Cost Total ordered Profit x y P=20x + 8y

Sample of what must be handed in for Partner problem

4-8 Partner PROJECT See worksheet