Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 14 Education and Religion"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 14 Education and Religion Section 1: The Sociology of EducationSection 2: The Sociology of Religion
2 Objectives: Section 1: The Sociology of Education Explain how the views of functionalist, conflict, and interactionist sociologists differ concerning education.Identify some of the current issues in American education.
3 Section 1: The Sociology of Education Comparing Functionalist, Conflict, and Interactionist Perspectives of EducationFunctionalist – schools help maintain the stability and smooth operation of societyConflict – the educational system serves to limit the potential of certain people and groups to gain power and social rewardsInteractionist – students’ educational achievements and success are shaped in part by teacher-student interactions
4 Current Issues in American Education Section 1: The Sociology of EducationCurrent Issues in American EducationEducational Reform – to address a decline in the level of the quality of education; has led to some improvementsEducational Alternatives – provides school choice through vouchers, charter schools, and options such as homeschooling
5 Current Issues in American Education Section 1: The Sociology of EducationCurrent Issues in American Education(continued)Violence in the Schools – has led to the use of security measures; zero tolerance policies, and conflict-resolution programsBilingual Education – controversial, particularly in states with many Hispanics; has led to “English Only” movement
6 Objectives: Section 2: The Sociology of Religion Identify the basic societal needs that religion serves.Describe the distinctive features of religion in American society.
7 Functions of Religion Section 2: The Sociology of Religion Social Cohesion – strengthening of bonds among peopleSocial Control – encourages conformity to the norms of societyEmotional Support – to provide emotional support during difficult times
8 Religion in American Society Section 2: The Sociology of ReligionReligion in American SocietyFree from persecutionCulturally diverseHighly valued but may be losing influenceSeparation of church and stateMany believe in God but fewer are affiliated with religious organizations and even fewer attend services
9 Religion in American Society Section 2: The Sociology of ReligionReligion in American Society(continued)Most Americans are monotheisticProtestants are most numerous, but the Roman Catholic Church is the largest single organizationRising participation in fundamentalist and evangelical Christian groups