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THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 14 Education and Religion Section 1: The Sociology of Education Section.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 14 Education and Religion Section 1: The Sociology of Education Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 14 Education and Religion Section 1: The Sociology of Education Section 2: The Sociology of Religion

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives:  Explain how the views of functionalist, conflict, and interactionist sociologists differ concerning education.  Identify some of the current issues in American education. Section 1: The Sociology of Education

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Comparing Functionalist, Conflict, and Interactionist Perspectives of Education  Functionalist – schools help maintain the stability and smooth operation of society  Conflict – the educational system serves to limit the potential of certain people and groups to gain power and social rewards  Interactionist – students’ educational achievements and success are shaped in part by teacher-student interactions Section 1: The Sociology of Education

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Current Issues in American Education  Educational Reform – to address a decline in the level of the quality of education; has led to some improvements  Educational Alternatives – provides school choice through vouchers, charter schools, and options such as homeschooling Section 1: The Sociology of Education

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Current Issues in American Education  Violence in the Schools – has led to the use of security measures; zero tolerance policies, and conflict-resolution programs  Bilingual Education – controversial, particularly in states with many Hispanics; has led to “English Only” movement Section 1: The Sociology of Education (continued)

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Objectives:  Identify the basic societal needs that religion serves.  Describe the distinctive features of religion in American society. Section 2: The Sociology of Religion

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Functions of Religion  Social Cohesion – strengthening of bonds among people  Social Control – encourages conformity to the norms of society  Emotional Support – to provide emotional support during difficult times Section 2: The Sociology of Religion

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 Religion in American Society  Free from persecution  Culturally diverse  Highly valued but may be losing influence  Separation of church and state  Many believe in God but fewer are affiliated with religious organizations and even fewer attend services Section 2: The Sociology of Religion

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Religion in American Society  Most Americans are monotheistic  Protestants are most numerous, but the Roman Catholic Church is the largest single organization  Rising participation in fundamentalist and evangelical Christian groups Section 2: The Sociology of Religion (continued)


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