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© HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How has crime and punishment changed?

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Presentation on theme: "© HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How has crime and punishment changed?"— Presentation transcript:

1 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How has crime and punishment changed?

2 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity Objectives In this activity you will: Learn how crime and punishment changed over time.

3 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How has crime and punishment changed? In the 18 th and 19 th centuries, people were often very frightened of crime, just as we are today. However, we would think of the sentences in those times as being very harsh. They were meant to be a ‘deterrent’ (designed to prevent further crime).

4 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish crime? On the following screens are details of some actual crimes from the 18 th and 19 th centuries. You must decide how you would punish the criminals. Once you have decided, ‘click’ again to find out how the criminals were actually punished!

5 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted Eliza Chambers (age 39) In 1790 Eliza was convicted of refusing to pay tolls on the new turnpike (road for the use of which a toll had to be paid), and taking part in a riot that burned down the tollgate. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, charging tolls on animals paid for new roads and improvements and goods brought through the gates. Eliza said, ‘Why should I pay to use a road I have been along on my way to the market free of charge for 30 years?’ How was Eliza punished?

6 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted George Gadge (age 35) In 1810, George was convicted of publishing a pamphlet calling for the removal of the King and the setting up of a republic with the French revolutionary* slogan ‘liberté’, ‘egalite’, ‘fraternite’. (*The French Revolution was in 1789 and Britain was at war with France.) How was George punished?

7 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted Benjamin Walker (age 29) In 1812, Benjamin confessed to the murder of William Horsfall, owner of a cotton factory in which machines were being introduced. He said, ‘The evil machines are taking away our jobs. How are we supposed to support our families? He shouldn't have done it’. How was Benjamin punished?

8 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted John Field (age 26) In 1812, John was arrested the day after Cartwright's mill burned down, and was accused of taking part in machine-breaking. He said, ‘I was forced to be part of the crowd. I didn't do anything.’ How was John punished?

9 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted Margaret Kelly (age 42) Margaret was arrested in 1825 for stealing four hen's eggs from a nest by the side of the road on her way to work. She said, ‘Because of the bad weather, I've only had two days’ work this week and my children didn't have anything to eat’. How was Margaret punished? Because her employer asked the court to be lenient with her

10 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted Samuel Dublack (age 42) In 1850, Samuel was arrested in Bedford market place for using bad language. He was suspected of having had too much to drink How was Samuel punished?

11 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity How would you punish this crime? Possible punishments Imprisoned for 10 years with hard labour Imprisoned and chained Hanged 7 years’ imprisonment 1 day solitary confinement 14 days’ hard labour Transportation 14 days’ solitary confinement Sent to the workhouse Fined Whipped Acquitted Robert Jordan (age 17) On 10 May 1863, in the parish of St. Cuthbert, Bedford, he 'feloniously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought killed and murdered Frederick Budd'. How was Robert punished?

12 © HarperCollins Publishers 2010 Change and continuity Change in crime and punishment Do the crimes you’ve read about seem similar to those of today, or different? Has crime changed? Can you see any pattern in the punishments? Do punishments seem harsh or lenient compared to today? How would you say punishment has changed over the last 200 years? From the evidence you have, do you think people at the time were right to be worried about crime?


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