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Treaty of Versailles & 14 PointsThe End of WWI
14 Points Issued by Wilson Jan 1918 Freedoms seas, free tradeEnd to secret treaties Large scale arms reductions Self-determination “General association of nations” to keep future peace
Germany @ end of WWI German forces forced back G could not win the warKaiser William II abdicates Nov 1918 New G government seeks armistice Nov 11, 1918– WWI ends
Paris Peace ConferenceBig Three Different plans for peace Others have their own agenda
France Leader: Georges ClemenceauGoal: Make Germany Pay! Germany has to be stopped from invading again. REVENGE Quote: “Mr. Wilson bores me with his Fourteen Points”
Great Britain Leader: David Lloyd GeorgeGoal: Similar to French, but worried that too harsh a treaty might cause hostility in the future Quote: build post-war UK “fit for heroes” Uk
United States Leader: Woodrow WilsonGoal: Put forward the use of the 14 Points designed for lasting peace in Europe Quote: “Peace without victory”
Other Plans Vittorio Orlando (Italy)Allies to honor secret treaty to give A-H lands to Italy Want violated 14 Pts self-determination
Territories rules by Russia, A-H, Ottoman Empire demanded own national statesProb: territories overlapped & ethinic groups unwanted minorities in new states
Treaty of Versailles Germans upset at treaty
Germany Agrees to: Accept new map of EuropeAccept decisions made by League of Nations Accept blame for the war & pay reparations Limit size of its military Give up its empire
German Territorial Losses: 1919-1921
Versailles Settlement in Europe
New Nations: 1923
League of Nations Mandates in the Middle East
League of Nations Mandates in Africa
Issue Treaty Settlement Problems War debt Fear of German Strength Nationalism Colonies & Other Non-European Territories League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles & 14 Points
Treaty of Versailles. Map 25.5: Europe in 1919 Treaty of Versailles Used Wilson’s 14 Points Big 3 + Italy (Big Four) Did not agree on goals for the peace.
WWI - Peacemaking The war officially ended on November 11 th 1918.
The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles
End of the War The final Allied push towards the German border began on October 17, As the British, French and American armies advanced, the alliance.
THE END OF WWI: 11/11/1918 Germany surrenders to the Allies and ends WWI.
1/8/15 Treaty of Versailles (The Effects of WWI).
A Flawed Peace Chapter 29, Section 4.
The War to End All Wars George Leroux, Hell (1917)
Essential Question: What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I?
A Flawed Peace ? ?. Before WWI Verdun: Cloister of the Hotel de la Princerie.
The End of the War. Right before the end… President Wilson issues the Fourteen Points.
The Fourteen Points Read over points 1-5. Write down 1 sentence for how each of these 5 points caused a problem in WWI.
Fourteen Points 1918 Woodrow Wilson Spoke to Congress with his outline for the world after WWI. It became known as 14 Points Six General Points: –No secret.
The End of WWI The Russian Revolution – Russians overthrew their government – Signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in order to leave.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Major Battles Armistice Costs of the War
World War I Ends Identify the Allied powers and the Central Powers during the war. How did American involvement help the Allies win World War I?
#75 Plan for Peace Mr. Horohoe. Wilson’s Fourteen Points President Woodrow Wilson had plan to create a lasting peace. Most believed that the Great War.
Post WW I Wilson’s Plan for Peace 14 Points Speech to Congress Jan 1918 Just and lasting peace.
Intro to 28.5 End of War and Peace In groups: discuss 1. As an Allied power- what do you want for yourselves? 2. How do you want to deal with the Central.
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