Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Early Professional Devlopments  Gloucester Conference (1953) - - Father Thomas Carroll – discussed the need for trained personnel outside the VA  U.S.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Early Professional Devlopments  Gloucester Conference (1953) - - Father Thomas Carroll – discussed the need for trained personnel outside the VA  U.S."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Early Professional Devlopments  Gloucester Conference (1953) - - Father Thomas Carroll – discussed the need for trained personnel outside the VA  U.S. Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (1958) – identified education of O&M specialists as 2 nd highest priority in field of VI.  National Conference on O&M (1959)  identified 3 main needs:  Selection of O&M personnel  Length of preparation – one year graduate study  Curriculum  Techniques and practice of O&M  Dynamics of human behavior as it relates to blindness  Functions of the human body  Study of the senses  Cultural and psychological implications of blindness

3 Development of University Programs  Federal grants provided funding for the first University O&M programs  Boston College (1960)  Western Michigan (1961)  1962 – VRA awarded 30 grants in 22 states. Paid salaries of O&M’s in the field from these two programs.  1966 – Demand for university trained O&M’s was so high, another conference was held. More grants awarded.  SFA (1972)  Currently 21 programs in the world (19 in USA, 1 in Canada, 1 in NZ)

4 The Shift to Distance Education  Done, simply, because:  It’s more cost-effective  It puts more people in the field in a shorter amount of time  Is it effective?  Time has proven that the individual, not the service delivery model, is the determining factor in educational effectiveness.

5 Professional Associations  AAWB :  Division IX (O&M interest group) 1964  AAIB :  AEVH :  AER : 1984 –

6 Development of Agency Standards  COMSTAC report – (Commission on Standards and Accreditation of Services for the Blind – 1966).  Recommended:  formulation of standards for agency administration and service programs  An organization to administer a nationwide system of voluntary accreditation based on these standards  Led to certification of O&M specialists  NAC – National Accreditation Council was created  Recommended to agencies seeking accreditation employ certified O&M specialists.

7 Code of Ethics  Appendix A of Foundations, Volume 1 contains the current code of ethics

8 Standardization of Preparation and Certification  University Program review (National/international)  Functional Abilities Assessment (No longer used)  Included:  Corrected vision of 20/20 in each eye with no field restrictions or evidence of a progressive loss (later changed to 20/40 to reflect drivers license standards)  Good physical health  Ability to monitor a student up to 375 feet away (Now 6-20 feet)  Assessing various travel situation that included scanning and perceiving an environmental configuration of no less than 300 degrees within 3 seconds  Tracking and describing traffic in a lighted intersection during typical rush-hour traffic  ACVREP (2000)  Exam  Certification  Re-certification  NOMC/NBPCB

9 Issues  OMA’s – teaching O&M to individuals without visual impairments  Visual occlusion during O&M instruction  Instruction for street crossings at signalized intersections  Group or individual lessons

10 Future Issues  Licensure and state certification  Third-party reimbursement (federal and state insurance plans)  Medicare reimbursement


Download ppt "Early Professional Devlopments  Gloucester Conference (1953) - - Father Thomas Carroll – discussed the need for trained personnel outside the VA  U.S."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google