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Dr Amina Rashad and Dr Nahed Kandeel

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1 Dr Amina Rashad and Dr Nahed Kandeel
Qualitative Research and Its Practical Applications Dr Amina Rashad and Dr Nahed Kandeel

2 Analysing Qualitative Research

3 Data Analysis “a lot of hard work” (Polit & Hungler 1993)
Thematic and pattern analysis Content analysis Burnard’s 14 stage analysis Dr Nahed Kandeel

4 Computerized data analysis
In recent years software has been developed which can help with the analysis of qualitative data. Essentially they work on the principle of assist with the process of categorisation then collecting together items of information which appear to match under the given categories. The packages, if properly used, can save the researcher a great deal of time but a fair amount of human input is still required to identify and check categorisation. Dr Nahed Kandeel

5 Computerized data analysis
They also require transcripts to be prepared on a computer and some novices, may not have access to the IT resources necessary for computer analysis. Some of the most well known software packages are listed below. ATLAS NVivo NUD*IST Ethnograph Dr Nahed Kandeel

6 Manual Data Analysis Burnard’s fourteen stages of analysing interview transcripts (Burnard 1991). Burnard’s method is based on a synthesis between grounded and content analysis approach. This method was used to categorize and code the transcribed interview data. Dr Nahed Kandeel

7 Burnard’s 14 Stage Analysis
1. Note taking 2. Immersion in data 3.Open coding 4.-5. Reduction & Refinement 6. Checking 7.-8. Re-reading & categorisation 9.-10 Rearrangement of data 11. Informant checking Preparing to write, report writing, linking to literature Dr Nahed Kandeel

8 Burnard’s 14 stages for analysing qualitative interview
Description Stage Writing memos after each interview to help categorizing the data later on Stage one Immersion in the data by reading through the transcript again and again with notes made Stage two Dr Nahed Kandeel

9 Burnard’s 14 stages for analysing qualitative interview
Reading through the transcript and try to generate headings or categories and written it down through the transcript. Stage three Listing of the categories to avoid categories collapsing Stage four Develop new list for categories and subheadings Stage five Dr Nahed Kandeel

10 Burnard’s 14 stages for analysing qualitative interview
Validate the categories by asking two college to read through the transcript and independent categories Stage six Read the transcript along side the agreed list of categories to ensure that the categories covered all aspect of the interviews Stage Seven Work the transcript against the agreed list and subheading. By using colour highlighting pens to distinguish each category and the piece of transcript related to it Stage eight Dr Nahed Kandeel

11 Burnard’s 14 stages for analysing qualitative interview
Cut out the transcript according to the coding categories and collecting each coded section in file Stage nine Past the cut out sections onto sheets headed up with categories and sub categories Stage ten Check whether the quotations fit with categories Keep all the complete interviews and all section in a file together for direct reference Stage eleven Dr Nahed Kandeel

12 Burnard’s 14 stages for analysing qualitative interview
Writing up process, starting section by section Stage thirteen Deciding wither or not writing the finding with or without the discussion Stage fourteen Dr Nahed Kandeel

13 Thank you very much Dr Nahed Kandeel

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