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Chapter 14 The Union in Peril The American People, 6 th ed.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 The Union in Peril The American People, 6 th ed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 14 The Union in Peril The American People, 6 th ed.

2 I.Slavery in the Territories

3 The Wilmot Proviso  Amendment added to a congressional appropriations bill prohibiting slavery for ever existing in any territories acquired from Mexico

4 Popular Sovereignty  The idea that individual territories applying for statehood should decide the issue of slavery for themselves.

5 The Compromise of 1850  California entered the Union as a free state  Territorial governments were organized in New Mexico and Utah to apply the principle of popular sovereignty  The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia  A new Fugitive Slave Act of 1850


7 Consequences of Compromise  Political alignment along party lines grew stronger  Previously unheard, Americans were now discussing ideals of higher law than the Constitution: succession and disunion  Abolitionists stepped up work on the Underground Railroad and several states prohibited elected officials and organizations from participation in slave hunting


9 II. Political Disintegration

10 The Kansas-Nebraska Act  Stephen Douglas of the Whig party, introduced a bill organizing the Nebraska Territory (which included Kansas)  Southerners opposed the organization of the territory unless slavery was permitted  Douglas suggested the application of popular sovereignty to the issue as the entire territory fell north of the Missouri Compromise line  Issue inflamed all sides of the slavery issue, dragging the country closer to war.

11 “Young America”  Americans dedicated to the ideals of a nationalistic vision that included slavery and was modeled upon the revolutions of the era in Europe  Specifically interested in the expansion of America into the Latin American continent and the Caribbean


13 The Know-Nothings  Nativist political action party comprised mostly of former Whigs who were dedicated to staunching the tide of foreign immigrants to the United States  If asked about their affiliation with the group, members were told to respond, “I Know Nothing.”


15 III.Kansas and the Two Cultures

16 “Bleeding Kansas”  On the eve of the Civil War, militant abolitionist John Brown and a few followers crept into a pro slavery settlement outside of Lawrence, Kansas  They dragged five men out of their homes and hacked them to death with swords  This act led to a series of violence in the divided territory


18 IV.Polarization and the Road to War

19 Sectional Splits in the Democratic Party  Dred Scott v. Sanford: Supreme Court decision regarding the claims of freedom of a slave that had been transported into a free state.  The constitutional crisis in Kansas: the pro- slavery Lecompton constitution was created without a mandate from majority of settlers of Kansas; it led to an uncertain status for Kansas and divided the Democrats further


21  The Lincoln-Douglas debates in Illinois: Lincoln’s persuasive debates regarding slavery drew away a substantial chunk of the Democratic party.  John Brown’s Raids: Still on the lose after the Kansas massacre, John Brown hope to provoke a general uprising of eastern slaves by attacking the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Brown was captured, tried, executed, and eventually became a martyr for the abolitionist/ Unionist cause

22 V.The Divided House Falls

23 Secession  On December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded form the Union; by February, six other Deep South states had followed her lead.  A week later a delegation met in Montgomery, Alabama to create the Confederacy.  On April 12, shelling of Fort Sumter signaled the start of the American Civil War.



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