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MATHEMATICAL COMPOSITION THE HOLY QUR’AN MATHEMATICAL COMPOSITION http://www.miraclesofthequran.com/mathematical_03.ht mlhttp://www.miraclesofthequran.com/mathematical_03.ht ml Prepared by: fereidoun.dejahang@ntlworld.comfereidoun.dejahang@ntlworld.com Dr F.Dejahang, BSc CEng, BSc (Hons) Construction Mgmt, MSc, MCIOB,.MCMI, PhD

The Holy Qur'an is the Word of Allah

The Holy Qur'an The Holy Qur’ an is characterized by a unique phenomenon never found in any other book

Surat Al-Muddaththir (The Cloaked One) - سورة المدثر Sahih International Over it are nineteen [angels]. Dr. Ghali Over it are nineteen. Farsi نوزده نفر (از فرشتگان عذاب) بر آن گمارده شده‌اند! 74:30

Surat Al-Muddaththir (The Cloaked One) - سورة المدثر 74:30

THE MIRACLE OF 19 IN THE QUR'AN بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم consists of 19 letters.

THE LITERARY MATHEMATICAL COMPOSITION 29 suras 29 suras are prefixed with 14 different sets of "Quranic Initials," Consisting of one to five letters per set.

THE LITERARY MATHEMATICAL COMPOSITION Fourteen letters Fourteen letters, half the Arabic alphabet, participate in these initials. The significance of the Quranic initials remained a divinely guarded secret for 14 centuries.

The Holy Qur’ an The Qur’ an The Holy Qur’ an states in 10:20 and 25:4-6 that its miracle, i.e., proof of divine authorship, was destined to remain secret for a specific predetermined interim:

Surat Yūnus (Jonah) - سورة يونس 10:20

Surat Yūnus (Jonah) - سورة يونس 10:20 Sahih International And they say, "Why is a sign not sent down to him from his Lord?" So say, "The unseen is only for Allah [to administer], so wait; indeed, I am with you among those who wait." Yusuf Ali They say: "Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?" Say: "The Unseen is only for Allah (to know), then wait ye: I too will wait with you." Farsi می‌گویند: «چرا معجزه‌ای از پروردگارش بر او نازل نمی‌شود؟!» بگو: «غیب (و معجزات) تنها برای خدا (و به فرمان او) است! شما در انتظار باشید، من هم با شما در انتظارم! (شما در انتظار معجزات بهانه‌جویانه باشید، و من هم در انتظار مجازات شما!)»

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان 25:4

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان Sahih International And those who disbelieve say, "This [Qur'an] is not except a falsehood he invented, and another people assisted him in it." But they have committed an injustice and a lie. Yusuf Ali But the misbelievers say: "Naught is this but a lie which he has forged, and others have helped him at it." In truth it is they who have put forward an iniquity and a falsehood. Farsi و کافران گفتند: «این فقط دروغی است که او ساخته، و گروهی دیگر او را بر این کار یاری داده‌اند.» آنها (با این سخن،) ظلم و دروغ بزرگی را مرتکب شدند.

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان 25:5

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان Sahih International And they say, "Legends of the former peoples which he has written down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon." Yusuf Ali And they say: "Tales of the ancients, which he has caused to be written: and they are dictated before him morning and evening." Farsi و گفتند: «این همان افسانه‌های پیشینیان است که وی آن را رونویس کرده، و هر صبح و شام بر او املا می‌شود.»

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان 25:6

Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian) - سورة الفرقان Sahih International Say, [O Muhammad], "It has been revealed by He who knows [every] secret within the heavens and the earth. Indeed, He is ever Forgiving and Merciful." Yusuf Ali Say: "The (Qur'an) was sent down by Him who knows the mystery (that is) in the heavens and the earth: verily He is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful." Farsi بگو: «کسی آن را نازل کرده که اسرار آسمانها و زمین را می‌داند؛ او (همیشه) آمرزنده و مهربان بوده است!»

Mathematical miracle Fourteen letters constitute a major portion of the Holy Qur’ an's 19-based. It is a mathematical miracle

Tabel 1: List of the Quranic Initials and Their Suras No. Sura No. Sura Title Quranic Initials 12The HeiferA.L.M 23 The Amramites A.L.M 37 The Purgatory A.L.M.S. 410JonahA.L.R. 511HudA.L.R. 612JosephA.L.R 713ThunderA.L.M.R.

Tabel 1: List of the Quranic Initials and Their Suras No. Sura No. Sura Title Quranic Initials 814AbrahamA.L.R. 915Al-Hijr ValleyA.L.R. 1019MaryK.H.Y.`A.S. 1120T.H. 1226The PoetsT.S.M. 1327The AntT.S. 1428HistoryT.S.M.

Tabel 1: List of the Quranic Initials and Their Suras No. Sura No. Sura Title Quranic Initials 1529The SpiderA.L.M. 1630The RomansA.L.M. 1731LuqmaanA.L.M. 1832ProstrationA.L.M. 1936Y.S. 2038S. 2140ForgiverH.M.

Tabel 1: List of the Quranic Initials and Their Suras No. Sura No. Sura Title Quranic Initials 2342ConsultationH.M.`A.S.Q. 2443OrnamentsH.M. 2544SmokeH.M. 2645KneelingH.M. 2746The DunesH.M. 2850Q. 2968The PenNuN

THE QURANIC INITIAL "Q" (Qaaf) Mathematical miracle The computer data showed that the text of the only Q- initialled suras, 42 and 50, contained the same number of Q's, 57 and 57. That was the first hint that a deliberate mathematical system might exist in the Quran.

Mathematical miracle Sura 50 is entitled "Q," prefixed with "Q," and the first verse reads, "Q, and the glorious Quran." This indicated that "Q" stands for "Quran," and the total number of Q's in the two Q-initialled suras represents the Quran's 114 suras (57+57 = 114 = 19x6). This idea was strengthened by the fact that "the Quran" occurs in the Quran 57 times.

Surat Ash-Shūraá (The Consultation) - سورة الشورى

Mathematical miracle 42:1 Sahih International Ha, Meem. Farsi حم. 42:2 Sahih International 'Ayn, Seen, Qaf. Farsi عسق.

Surat Qāf (The Letter "Qaf") - سورة ق بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 50:1

Surat Qāf (The Letter "Qaf") - سورة ق 50:1 Sahih International Qaf. By the honored Qur'an... Yusuf Ali Qaf: By the Glorious Qur'an (Thou art Allah's Messenger). Farsi ق، سوگند به قرآن مجید (که قیامت و رستاخیز حقّ است

Mathematical miracle The Holy Qur’ an is described in Sura "Q" as "Majid" (glorious)

Mathematical miracle Arabic word "Majid" has a gematrical value of 57= M (40) + J (3) + I (10) + D (4) = 57.

Mathematical miracle Alef 1 Ya' 10 TTa' 9 Ha' 8 Zay 7 Waw 6 Ha' 5 Dal 4 Jim 3 Ba' 2 Qaf 100 Saad 90 Fa' 80 'Ayn 70 Seen 60 Noon 50 Mim 40 Laam 30 Kaf 20 Ghayn 1000 Za 900 Dad 800 Dhal 700 Kha' 600 Tha' 500 Ta' 400 Shin 300 Ra' 200

Mathematical miracle Sura 42 consists of 53 verses, and 42 + 53 = 95 = 19x5. Sura 50 consists of 45 verses, and 50 + 45 = 95, same total as in Sura 42. By counting the letter "Q" in every "Verse 19" throughout the Quran, the total count comes to 76, 19x4. Here is a summary of the Q-related data:

Mathematical miracle 1. The frequency of occurrence of "Q" in Sura "Q" (No. 50) is 57, 19x3.

Mathematical miracle 2. The letter "Q" occurs in the other Q- initialed sura (No. 42) exactly the same number of times, 57.

Mathematical miracle 3. The total occurrence of the letter "Q" in the two Q-initialed suras is 114, which equals the number of suras in the Quran.

Mathematical miracle 4. "The Quran" is mentioned in the Quran 57 times.

Mathematical miracle 5. The description of the Holy Quran as "Majid" (Glorious) is correlated with the frequency of occurrence of the letter "Q" in each of the Q-initialed suras.

Mathematical miracle The word "Majid" has a gematrical value of 57.

Mathematical miracle 6. Sura 42 consists of 53 verses, and 42 + 53 is 95, or 19x5.

Mathematical miracle 7. Sura 50 consists of 45 verses, and 50 + 45 is also 95, 19x5.

Mathematical miracle 8. The number of Q's in all verses numbered "19" throughout the Qur’ an is 76, 19x4.

Mathematical miracle Glimpses of the Qur’ an's mathematical composition began to emerge. It was observed that the people who disbelieved in Lot are mentioned in 50:13 and occur in the Quran 13 times - 7:80; 11:70, 74, 89; 21:74; 22:43; 26:160; 27:54, 56; 29:28; 38:13; 50:13; and 54:33.

Mathematical miracle Consistently, they are referred to as "Qawm," with the single exception of the Q-initialed Sura 50 where they are referred to as "Ikhwaan."

Mathematical miracle Obviously, if the regular, Q-containing word "Qawm" were used, the count of the letter "Q" in Sura 50 would have become 58, and this whole phenomenon would have disappeared. With the recognized absolute accuracy of mathematics, the alteration of a single letter destroys the system.

Mathematical miracle Another relevant example is the reference to Mecca in 3:96 as "Becca"! This strange spelling of the renowned city has puzzled Islamic scholars for many centuries.

Mathematical miracle Although Mecca is mentioned in the Quran properly spelled in 48:24, the letter "M" is substituted with a "B" in 3:96.

Mathematical miracle It turns out that Sura 3 is an M-initialed sura, and the count of the letter "M" would have deviated from the Qur’ an's code if "Mecca" was spelled correctly in 3:96.